A particular method of doing something
A system of rules/ principles/ guidance
A coherent group of tested prepositions
Occupation focused concept
Formulating and analysing the various
processes of OT practice with specific
occupation focussed goggles
Day – to – day guide
Method to deliver the ‘OT’ process
Not exclusive to OT
( Mclean 2011)
Organizes thoughts by relating and
explaining concepts which are closely
Uses “experiences” to provide answers
Rationalization of undertaken actions
Predictor of further thoughts
Lays foundation for standardization. for
(Turpin and Iwama 2010)
Can change conventional beliefs
Provides the enriched data that can be
Gives room for reflection
First hand valuable information
(Turpin and Iwama 2010)
Using the right model of practice for the right
Viewing the client as a person with a life in an
Was very time consuming
Involved a lot of reading and synthesizing
Reasoning and justification
Application of knowledge read and acquired
I loved the whole experience
I felt that there is a connection between why
we do some particular things in practice and
its rightful justification
I could analyse, critique and reason things
before accepting them or simply doing them
Made me very confident in front of members
of a multi – disciplinary team
I could use the theoretical knowledge
anywhere and everywhere
Was that information necessary?
How will that help you and me to look at.....?
Is this approach of viewing clients as holistic
human beings with feelings important?
Is scrutinizing their context of any relevance?
Are family opinions useful?
Will all this information help you aid the
person in a better way?
Boyett Schell, B.A. & Boyet Schell J.W. 2008. Clinical reasoning
and professional reasoning in occupational therapy.
Philedelphia: Lipnocott Williams and Willkins.
Creek, J. 2010. The core concepts of occupational therapy: a
dynamic framework for practice. London: Jessica Kingsley
Hammel, K.W. 2009. Sacred texts: A sceptical exploration of the
assumptions underpinning theories of occupation. Canadian
Journal of Occupational Therapy, 76 (1) February, pp. 6 – 13.
Iwama, M., and Turpin, M. 2010. Using
Occupational Therapy Models in Practice a
field guide. Churchill Livingstone Elevieser.
Keilhofner, G. 2009. Conceptual foundations of
occupational therapy practice. 4th ed.
Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Co.
Medical and Past medical history:
Mrs. Rita Phillip had been diagnosed with
Osteo – arthritis in both her knee joints 6
months ago. Due to this, she experiences
stiffness, swelling, tremendous pain. She also
has restricted range of knee extension. She is
currently on NSAIDs and pain relievers. She is
a diabetic who underwent Nephrectomy 3
She lives with her family (husband, son’s family living
She was very social and friendly and loved her outings.
She retired from her work a year ago. She was a teacher by
profession. She taught English, mathematics and
Since then she loved taking care of her house and became a
devoted grandmother taking care of her son’s child.
She loves cooking, reading, and is an amazing poet.
Current mental and physical status:
She is highly dependent on her husband and
carer for her personal ADL and mobility in the
house due to her regressive (deteriorating)
She has turned to a very apathetic and asocial
She does not pursue any of her interests and
has cut all her contacts apart from her close
Conceptualize Mrs. Rita by using one of the
four OT models i.e.
MOHO/ PEOM/Kawa/CMOP – E
This is a group activity (approx 5-6 students)
Feedback: Poster/Very small discussion