How the Revolution in Military Affairs has set the stage for future cyberwars
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How the Revolution in Military Affairs has set the stage for future cyberwars

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Force transformation towards a Network Centric Warfare stance has left major militaries vulnerable to defeat in future cyberwars

Force transformation towards a Network Centric Warfare stance has left major militaries vulnerable to defeat in future cyberwars

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How the Revolution in Military Affairs has set the stage for future cyberwars How the Revolution in Military Affairs has set the stage for future cyberwars Presentation Transcript

  • The Revolution in Military Affairs has Set the Stage for Cyberwar
 Richard Stiennon Chief Research Analyst IT-Harvest ! Executive Editor securitycurrent.com ! twitter.com/cyberwar securitycurrent
  • ! twitter.com/cyberwar securitycurrent
  • 1996 Taiwan Straits Crisis "Admiral Clemens was able to use e-mail, a very graphic- rich environment, and video teleconferencing to achieve the effect he wanted", which was to deploy the carrier battle groups in a matter of hours instead of days.” -Arthur Cebrowski USS Nimitz and USS Independence deploy to Taiwan. securitycurrent
  • 
 The Revolution in Military Affairs • Roman centuries • Long bow and battle of Crecy • Napoleon’s staff command • Machine guns • Mechanized armor, blitzkrieg securitycurrent
  • The Modern RMA • Operation Desert Storm leads to: • Russian assessment of precision weapons ISR C&C securitycurrent
  • Andrew Marshall: Enigmatic Strategist securitycurrent Andrew W. Marshall (born September 13, 1921) is the director of the United States Department of Defense's Office of Net Assessment.
  • 
 Arthur Cebrowski: Evangelist securitycurrent “Network Centric Warfare should be the cornerstone of transformation. If you are not interoperable you are not on the net. You are not benefiting from the information age”.
  • The Dream securitycurrent Total Situational Awareness eliminates “the fog of war”! ! Red Team - Blue Team identification! ! Central Command and Control. Distributed battle command.! ! Networked Intelligence, Surveillance Reconnaissance (ISR)
  • Network Centric Warfare securitycurrent Everything connected (like the Internet) ! Satellite-Planes-Drones-Ground-Sea based sensor grid ! Instant communication over a Global Grid
  • IT-Harvest Confidential Deja vu all over again We’ve seen this story payed out before in the enterprise. ! ! First network everything. Take advantage of connectivity and ubiquity to re-invent commerce, social interactions, and communications. ! ! Second: succumb to attacks from hackers, cyber criminals, hacktivists, and nation states.! ! Finally: Layer in security
  • IT-Harvest Confidential How the Military Failed in Security April 1, 2001 a Navy EP-3E was forced down and captured by China. Top secret OS compromised! ! In 2008 China blatantly flooded communication channels known to be monitored by the NSA with decrypted US intercepts, kicking off a major re-deployment. SEVEN years too late. ! ! ! ! !
  • IT-Harvest Confidential How the Military Failed in Security Pentagon email servers p0wned 2007! ! Terabytes of data exfiltrated to China from the Defense Industrial Base. The target? Joint Strike Fighter design data.! ! ! !
  • IT-Harvest Confidential Military IT Security Failures The Wake Up Call ! ! BUCKSHOT YANKEE ! ! Agent.btz introduced via thumb drive in a forward operations command (Afghanistan?) ! ! EVERY Windows machine re-imaged in the entire military (3 million +) at a cost of $1 Billion.
  • IT-Harvest Confidential Drone madness 1
  • IT-Harvest Confidential Drone madness 2
  • IT-Harvest Confidential Drone madness 3
  • SATCOM Vulns securitycurrent • “We uncovered what would appear to be multiple backdoors, hardcoded credentials, undocumented and/or insecure protocols, and weak encryption algorithms.” - IOActive
  • Software Assurance maturity came after most new weapons platforms were sourced. securitycurrent One Air Force study of 3 million lines of code revealed: ! ! One software vulnerability per 8 lines of code ! ! One high vulnerability per 31 lines of code! ! One critical vulnerability for 70 lines of code
  • The F-35 Joint Strike Fighter securitycurrent ! “JSF software development is one of the largest and most complex projects in DOD history.” ! ! -Michael J. Sullivan, Director Acquisition and Sourcing Management for the DoD:!
  • The F-35 Joint Strike Fighter • Nine million lines of onboard code could mean 128,000 critical vulns • 15 million lines of logistics code could mean another 214,000 critical vulns • What could possibly go wrong? securitycurrent
  • Taiwan Straits Crisis. 2015? securitycurrent GPS hacks deflect jets away from tankers ! Mission tasking subverted ! Communications intercepts mislead commander ! Radar jamming masks enemy movement ! Result? ! Military defeat
  • A Working Definition of Cyberwar securitycurrent The use of network and computer attack to support the operations of a military force.
  • Cyber Pearl Harbor Defined securitycurrent An overwhelming defeat of US forces due to ! enemy information dominance.
  • securitycurrent
  • securitycurrent securitycurrent.com ! ! email: richard@it-harvest.com ! Twitter: twitter.com/cyberwar