Obesity in the UK During last 25 years, the rate of obesity in adults has quadrupled in the UK. In England, 43% of men and 34% of women were classified as overweight and 22% of men and 23 % of women were classified as clinically obese. This means that over half of all adults weigh more than their recommended weight. (OECD 2005) Obesity
Children and Obesity ( (www.esrcsocietytoday.ac.uk/ 2005)
1998 news report in the Herald newspaper described the increase in the number of diabetes cases caused by bad diet as ‘’the diabetes time bomb’.
Between now and 2010, the number of Type II diabetes sufferers will increase from 1 to 3 million.
Too many cakes and biscuits
Not enough exercise
‘’ Diabetes could bankrupt the NHS’’.
1998, news report in the Herald newspaper described the increase in the number of diabetes cases caused by bad diet as ‘’the diabetes time bomb’
Between now and 2010, the number of Type 11 diabetes sufferers will increase from 1 to 3 million.
Too many cakes and biscuits.
Not enough exercise
‘’ Diabetes could bankrupt the NHS’’
Fast Food Industry is the fastest growing area of food retailing and is worth £3b a year in sales.
Obesity is a gender issue (Report of the Measuring Inequalities in Health Working Group (Scotland), November 2003) More females are obese than males. In females, obesity levels are increasing amongst the less well off but remain the same for the better off. In males, obesity levels are increasing amongst both socio-economic groups.
Obesity is also a class issue (Report of the Measuring Inequalities in Health Working Group (Scotland), November 2003) Obesity levels are higher the lower the social class. Social class I – 10% are obese. Obesity levels in the lowest social class are similar to those in the USA. Social class IV – 20% are obese Social class V – 25% are obese.
Differences in diet between social classes and genders
Graphs show that:
The percentage of people in the least affluent group who do not eat fresh fruit on a daily basis is much higher than in the more affluent group.
Most affluent group: No daily fruit Females: 31% Males: 45% Least affluent group: No daily fruit Females : 55% Males: 69% Cost?
Consumption of fruit and vegetables is higher amongst females in both groups.
Consumption of fruit and vegetables on a daily basis has increased generally but the increase has been higher in the more affluent group.
Males in the least affluent group have made little progress.
Link between diet, social class and ill health (Report of the Measuring Inequalities in Health Working Group (Scotland), November 2003) Incidence of Chronic Illness by Social Class (per 10,000 of population) 1999 Income decreases Most affluent group who do not eat fruit daily Females: 31% Males: 45% Least affluent group who do not eat fruit daily Females : 55% Males: 69% 235 187 163 141 132 98 Musculoskeletal 70 53 42 32 34 30 Digestive 102 80 71 64 58 56 Respiratory 134 117 95 77 90 67 Heart E D C2 C1 B A Condition
In 1993, a Government Working Party produced the ‘James Report’ on Scotland’s diet.
The Report confirmed Scotland’s poor eating habits and identified it as one of the main causes of Scotland’s poor health record. Poor diet was the reason why Scotland had:
Scotland's record the highest rates of mortality in the Western world the highest morbidity rates from coronary heart disease, cancer and stroke poor dental record.
Scotland - the facts! 1 in 8 children in Scotland are officially overweight. Scottish boys are the fattest in Europe. Almost 100% ate sweets every day. 75% ate crisps and fizzy drinks as snacks every day. The facts! 24% of 15 year olds in the West of Scotland eat 4 or more snacks a day. 28% of adults eat fresh fruit and 20% eat fresh vegetables once a week or less. 17% of adults in the district of Renfrew eat less than one full meal a day.
The James Report The average Scottish diet is: Scotland's Diet deficient in fibre and certain vitamins contains too much sugar contains too much salt contains too much saturated fat. deficient in fruit and vegetables
The James Report Recommendations Children's Diets 3-4 portions of fruit and vegetables per day 75% should eat fish twice a week and meat less than twice a week Cereals, granary bread twice a day Most should consume semi- skimmed milk Sweets and cake consumption should be reduced Disadvantaged should be helped to follow a good diet
Children's Diets More controversial recommendations The James Report Recommendations Ban food adverts on children’s TV Minimum age at which children can leave school at lunchtime Stop sale of sweets, salty snacks, fizzy drinks in schools No junk food outlets near schools Scandinavia has already banned food adverts on children’s TV. Arguments: limits choice? ‘ Nanny state’ gone mad?