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    Your message goes here - IB Geography - Food and Health - Prevention or Treatment

  1. 1. Prevention or Treatment<br />Coronary Heart Disease in the UK<br />
  2. 2. Basic information<br />Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) or cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the major causes of death in the UK<br />More than one in three deaths in the UK is caused by heart disease<br />Heart disease increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes<br />
  3. 3. What causes it ?<br />
  4. 4. Risk Factors<br />Two risk factors are having a high Body Mass Index (BMI) and Diabetes<br />Click the link below to see an animated graphic which shows how the world as a whole has got more unhealthy<br />You can click on the United Kingdom to check how it changes. <br />What do you notice ?<br /><br />
  5. 5. British Heart Foundation<br />Charity founded in 1961 by medical professions.<br />The UK’s heart charity.<br />“Our vision is a world where people don't die prematurely from heart disease.<br />We'll achieve this through pioneering research, vital prevention activity and ensuring quality care and support for everyone living with heart disease.”<br />
  6. 6. The importance of education...<br />
  7. 7. Government initiatives through the Department of Health<br />
  8. 8. Lifestyle changes (Social)<br />Smoking<br />Diet <br />Exercise<br />‘5 a day’<br />Stress <br />Family history of disease<br />Poverty / unemployment ?<br />Diabetes <br />High blood pressure<br />
  9. 9. Childhood obesity<br />Obesity is the state of being seriously overweight - to a degree that affects your health.<br />Obesity in childhood is linked to many health complications and tends to indicate the child will be obese as an adult. It is very concerning as childhood obesity is increasing. <br />More than 10% of 15 year olds in the UK is obese<br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Are you at risk ?<br />
  12. 12. What does your Wii say ?<br />This caused a few news stories when the Wii Fit was introduced....<br />
  13. 13. Headlines<br />A quarter of children are overweight or obese by the age of FIVEDaily Mail, January 2011<br />Obese children perform poorly in exams compared to those who eat healthy foods<br />Daily Mail, June 2011<br />A third of children leaving primary school are overweight, report reveals<br />The Guardian, December 2010<br />
  14. 14. Heart Disease<br />Is there a North-South divide when it comes to Chronic Heart Disease and Heart Attacks ?<br />Image Copyright:<br />SASI<br />
  15. 15. Is there a connection between these two maps ?<br />
  16. 16. Prevention<br />There is some debate about the value of drugs called statins.<br />These lower the cholesterol level but there is doubt about their value, despite them being suggested for everyone over the age of 50.<br />
  17. 17. Probiotics...Commercial venture / advertising...Do they work ? Does your family buy these products ?<br />
  18. 18. The typical cost of a heart bypass to the UK's National Health Service is £6324.<br />
  19. 19. Cultural differences (Social)<br />Notting Hill Carnival – late August 2011<br />British Heart Foundation were present to publicise a resource aimed at the Afro-Carribean community, who are at higher risk of heart disease.<br />Download the guide from<br /><br />Did that picture make your heart beat faster ?<br />
  20. 20. Cultural differences (Social)<br />Notting Hill Carnival – late August 2011<br />Read the booklet and identify the characteristics of the Afro Caribbean community and their relative susceptibility to heart disease...<br />
  21. 21. Environmental factors e.g. Scotland<br />One of highest rates in Europe in cities like Glasgow<br />An estimated half a million people in Scotland have CHD.<br />More people in Scotland die from the disease than in any other part of the UK, with 261 deaths per 100,000 men and 98 per 100,000 women in 2001.<br />The Scottish Government is keen to continue a downward trend in incidence over the last few years<br />
  22. 22. Research...<br />How might this fish help ?<br />Find out about the appeal.<br />
  23. 23. Heart Disease<br />© Copyright SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan)<br />From<br />
  24. 24. Reference map: total population<br />
  25. 25. Not everyone ‘does as they’re told’... <br />Reluctance to treat patients who continue to smoke despite being told of risks<br />Refusal to operate on patients who are obese, because of increased risk of complications <br />
  26. 26. Further information<br /><br /> - mapping UK health statistics (from Office of National Statistics)<br /> - a useful video which discusses the high incidence of heart disease in Scotland<br /> - a resource from the RGS-IBG which is designed for KS3 pupils, but provides links to some useful supporting materials<br />
  27. 27. Final thoughts...<br />If you were developing a campaign to reduce the incidence of heart disease amongst young adults in your country, how would you try to get your message across as effectively as possible ?<br />