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0 besity causes, costs and cures 4 13-13


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0 besity causes, costs and cures 4 13-13

  6. 6. GENETIC PRE-DISPOSITION Academics found that people could work off around 40 per cent of the extra weight that "fat genes" laid on them by exercising.Although some people do have a predisposition to be overweight or even obese, scientists at the Medical Research Councils Epidemiology Unit in Cambridge discovered that having an active lifestyle could go a long way to countering a persons genetic inheritance.They concluded: "The findings challenge the popular myth that obesity is unavoidable if it runs in the family and could guide future treatments to combat the obesity crisis.” Dr Ruth Loos from the MRC, who led the study, said: "Our research proves that even those who have the highest risk of obesity from their genes can improve their health by taking some form of daily physical activity."
  7. 7. Sedentary Lifestyle Obesity and type 2 diabetes have reached epidemic proportions in theUnited States. It is well-established that increasing physical activity plays an important role in reducing the risk of obesity and diabetes.
  8. 8. Inactivity A sedentary lifestyle is a mode of living in which a person, an adult orchild, does not engage in sufficient physical activity or exercise for what is generally considered healthy living. This type of living has been heavily influenced by the propagation of passive forms of entertainment, such as television, video games, and computer use.
  9. 9. Sedentary OccupationsLarge numbers of adult workers have shifted from physical labor to office jobs, especially in technologically developed nations. Sedentary jobs have increased 83% since 1950; Physically active jobs now make up only about 25% of our workforce. That is 50% less than 1950.
  10. 10. Walking the Dog,American Style…
  11. 11. Nutrition-Then & Now THEN NOW Roots & Fruits Chips & Dips Greens & Beans Cakes & Shakes Seeds & Weeds Meats & Treats Wild game Pies & fries“We are Overfed, and Under Nourished!”
  12. 12. What’s Wrong With Our Diets? Too Much Fat Too Much Salt Too Much Sugar Too Much Fast Food
  13. 13. The Western Diet Is woefully deficient in plant based nutrients and cancer fighters Is deficient in fiber, which is found only in plants Is deficient in phyto estrogens which block out the more toxic xenoestrogens Is full of labor saving devices thus reducing exercise and energy expenditure
  14. 14. Fruits and Vegetables… Low fruit and vegetable intake is estimated to cause some 2.7 million deaths each year, and was among the top 10 risk factors contributing to mortality World Health Report 2003
  15. 15. SUGAR According to a study from Washington State University, the average American eats 275 pounds of sugar per year!! That’s ¾ of a pound per day!! Sugar is empty calories, increases oxidation stress and generates free radicals
  16. 16. Your Weekly Dose of Sugar
  17. 17. 4 Grams ofSugar = OR
  18. 18. Nutrition on the Run
  19. 19. Real Life
  20. 20. “Fast Food Nation”“In 1970, Americans spent about$6 billion on fast food; in 2000, theyspent more than $110 billion. Americansnow spend more money on fast food thanon higher education, personalcomputers, computer software, or new cars.They spend more on fast food than onmovies, books, magazines, newspapers, videos, and recorded music – combined.”Eric Schlosser “Fast Food Nation: The Dark Sideof the All-American Meal.”
  21. 21. “Super Size Me”by Filmmaker Morgan Spurlock Spurlock charted his journey from fit to flab in a documentary, which he has taken to the Sundance Film Festival. "Super Size Me" explores the obesity epidemic that plagues America today Despite making dozens of phone calls, Spurlock fails to get anyone from McDonalds to agree to an on- camera interview.
  22. 22. “Super Size Me” His mission: To eat three meals a day for 30 days atMcDonalds and document the impact on his health. Started out at a healthy 185 pounds - packed on 25 pounds. Within a few days on his drive-through diet these symptomsappeared  Vomiting out the window of his car  His liver became toxic,  His cholesterol shot up from a low 165 to 230,  His libido flagged and he suffered headaches and depression.
  23. 23. COST TO THE U.S. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) estimates it to be:$147 billion and almost $210 billion per year.Most of this comes from the money spent to treat the chronic illnesses that obesity causes, such as diabetes and high cholesterol.
  24. 24. Age-adjusted Prevalence of Obesity and Diagnosed Diabetes Among U.S. Adults AgedObesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m ) 2 1994 18 Years or Older 2000 2010 No Data <14.0% 14.0%–17.9% 18.0%–21.9% 22.0%–25.9% 26.0%Diabetes 1994 2000 2010 No Data <4.5% 4.5%–5.9% 6.0%–7.4% 7.5%–8.9% >9.0% CDC’s Division of Diabetes Translation. National Diabetes Surveillance System available at
  25. 25. Costs to Businesses Extra weight costs us: physically and financially.Obesity costs American companies $225.8B per year in health-related productivity losses. The average healthcare cost exceeds $3,000 perperson annually. An obese employee costs employers an additional $460 to $2,500 in medical costs and sick days per year.
  26. 26. Here are some Startling Statistics Over the last 20 years, the number of overweight children has increased by more than 50%, and the number of extremely overweight children has nearly doubled. 40 million American children have abnormally high cholesterol levels. By the age of 12, an estimated 70% of our children have developed the beginning stages of hardening of the arteries. We’re not paying enough attention to good nutrition and our children are paying the price.
  27. 27. HEALTH CARE COSTS DISEASES RELATED TO OBESITY Diabetes Many types of Cancer Congestive Heart failure High Cholesterol Heart Disease High Blood Pressure
  28. 28. DISEASES CONTINUEDHeart EnlargementStrokeSleep ApneaFatty Liver DiseaseDepressionGall Bladder DiseaseOsteoarthritis
  29. 29. PERSONAL COSTS Less time spent at play with family Limited mobility Shortness of breath Tire very quickly Uncomfortable Health issues Premature death
  30. 30. HIGH CHOLESTEROLA healthy level of HDL may also protect against heart attack and stroke, while low levels of HDL (less than 40 mg/dL for men and less than 50 mg/dL for women) have been shown to increase the risk of heart disease.If you need to increase your HDL to reach your goals, studies show that regular physical activity can help your body produce more HDLs.Reducing trans fats and eating a balanced, nutritious diet is another way to increase HDL.
  31. 31. DIABETESThere are roughly 25 million cases of Diabetes in the UnitedStates. And another 79 million Americans are pre-diabetic. People who are pre-diabetic have elevated blood sugar levels that, if left unchecked, can easily become type 2 diabetes.
  32. 32. OSTEOARTHRITIS Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It causes pain, swelling and reduced motion in your joints. It can occur in any joint, but usually it affects your hands, knees, hips or spine.Factors that may cause osteoarthritis include: Being overweight Getting older Injuring a joint Therapies that manage osteoarthritis pain and improve function include exercise, weight control, rest, pain relief, alternative therapies and surgery. NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
  33. 33. OBESITY RELATED CANCERObesity is increasingly being recognized as a risk factor not only for cancer development, but also for worse outcomes after cancer treatment. Links between obesity and endometrial cancer, postmenopausal breast cancer, and colorectal cancer are wellestablished, but the effects of obesity appear to extend to several other types of cancer as well.According to the results of a large study conducted by the American Cancer Society, women with the highest BMIs were more likely than women with a healthy BMI to die of cancers of the gallbladder, pancreas, kidney, cervix, and ovary, as well as non- Hodgkin’s lymphoma. The researchers estimated that 90,000 cancerdeaths per year could be prevented if Americans maintained a healthy weight.
  34. 34. Seven Warning Signs of Cancer The American Cancer Society has identified 7 symptoms which could be a sign of cancer A change in bowel or bladder habits A sore that does not heal Unusual bleeding or discharge from any place A lump in the breast or other parts of the body Chronic indigestion or difficulty in swallowing Obvious changes in a wart or mole Persistent coughing or hoarseness
  35. 35. ConsequencesThe consequences and problems from our overweight society are sobering. However, we can all makechanges. Heres the good news about physical activity and why moving for 30 minutes a day can change your life for the better.
  36. 36. CuresProper Nutrition & Exercise
  38. 38. ExerciseThe findings are that Proper Nutrition along with daily Exercise can keep us healthy, and at a healthy weight, thereby helping us to not become overweight. What type of Exercise is most Important? Aerobic or Anaerobic (Cardio or Weight Training)
  39. 39. Cardio Cardio is any non-weight bearing exercise that raises your heart rate.Running, Biking, Step Classes, to name a few.What should our heart rate be to benefit from the Exercise?Between 70-90% of your maximum Heart rate.
  40. 40. Cardio Exercises Increase Stamina and Endurance. Strengthens the Heart Improves Circulation Increases Lung CapacityCardio Exercise burn Fat and Muscle for FuelCalories Burned-75% Fat & 25% Muscle
  41. 41. Calculating Your Heart Rate To calculate it, take 220-your age.Multiply by 70%, and then again by 90%. Example-220-20 years old=200 200 x .70=140 Beats per Minute 200 x .90=180 Beats per Minute Your range is between 140 -180 BPM
  42. 42. Weight Training Weight Training, or Resistance Training, is any exercise where you are using your major muscle groups to move an object which puts stress on them.Weights, Tubing, Straps for Core strength, Kettle Bells, Dumbbells, Exercise Machines etc…
  43. 43. Weight Bearing ExercisesStrengthen your Bones as well as your Muscles and Heart, (which is a Muscle).Improves posture, reflexes, stamina and endurance. Weight Training burns Fat for Fuel Calories Burned-100% Fat
  44. 44. What to Eat Fruits Vegetables Grains Fish Chicken Turkey
  45. 45. God’s PharmacyThe healing and nourishing properties of anyfruit or vegetable reflected in, and ultimately revealed by, that fruit or vegetables’ outer physical shape, form, or “signature” in relation to the human body.
  46. 46. Tomatoes
  47. 47. Kidney Beans Kidney Beans actually heal and help maintain kidneyfunction—and they look exactly like human kidneys:
  48. 48. Walnuts A Walnut looks like a little brain, a left and righthemisphere, upper cerebrums and lower cerebellums. Eventhe wrinkles or folds on the nut are just like the neo-cortex. We now know walnuts help develop brain function:
  49. 49. Carrots The cross section of a Carrot looks like the human eye. The pupil, iris and radiating lines look just like the human eye.And science now shows carrots greatly enhance blood flow to the eyes and aid in the general function of the eyes.
  50. 50. Celery Celery looks just like bones. Celery specifically target bonestrength. Bones are 23 percent sodium and these foods are 23 percent sodium. If you don’t have enough sodium in yourdiet, the body pulls it from the bones, thus making them weak. Foods like celery replenish the skeletal needs of the body.
  51. 51. Avocados Avocadoes target the health and function of the womb and cervix of the female—they look just like these organs. Avocadoes help women balance hormones, shed unwantedbirth weight, and deter cervical cancers. It takes exactly nine months to grow an avocado from blossom to ripened fruit.
  52. 52. Mushrooms Slice a Mushroom in half and it resembles a human ear. Mushrooms have been found to improve hearing, asmushrooms are one of the few foods that contain vitamin D.This particular vitamin is important for healthy bones, even the tiny ones in the ear that transmit sound to the brain.
  53. 53. Grapes Our lungs are made up of branches of ever-smaller airways that finish up with tiny bunches of tissue called alveoli. These structures, which resemble bunches of Grapes, allow oxygento pass from the lungs to the blood stream. A diet high in fresh fruit, such as grapes, has been shown to reduce the risk of lung cancer and emphysema.
  54. 54. Sweet PotatoesSweet Potatoes look like the pancreas and actually balance the glycemic index of diabetics.
  55. 55. What Not to Have Sugar Red Meat Cakes Salt Shell Fish Chips Pasta Fried Food Dips Cheese Pastries Shakes Rice Candy Pies Milk Cookies Soda etc…
  56. 56. Processed VS. Natural
  57. 57. “Let food be thy medicine.” Hippocrates
  58. 58. HippocratesThe Father of Medicine “Natural Forces Within Us Are The True Healers.Let Your Food Be Your Medicine.Let Your Medicine Be Your Food.”
  59. 59. Our Health is Our Wealth!The only two things that we truly have control over are our Thoughts and our Health.What we think about determines what we get in life.If we make poor choices, we get poor results.If we make good choices, we get good results. It’s really that simple!
  60. 60. What Would You Do?If when you got your drivers license, you were given a car, but told that this was the only car you can ever have. How well would you take care of it? Our Body is our vehicle in life. We only get one!Doesn’t it make sense to take good care of it?
  61. 61. In ConclusionExercise every Day, and Eat Healthy! It’s not how long you live, It’s how you live long!I hope this Presentation has been helpful. Thank you for your time.Dennis Berry-Health & Wellness Specialist