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4mat

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  • 1. Considering Individual Differences One way to account for individual differences is to modify the events of instruction. Compare and contrast the instructional events of a model of direct instruction (be sure to identify the source of the model) and the 4MAT system developed by Bernice McCarthy.Developed by W. Huitt, 1999
  • 2. Considering Individual DifferencesIn general, there are three differentapproaches for dealing with individualdifferences among students: • Develop events of instruction that take into account individual differences • Provide some sort of grouping in order to reduce or accommodate the variability with respect to student background, achievement, ability or some other characteristic.
  • 3. Considering Individual DifferencesIn general, there are three differentapproaches for dealing with individualdifferences among students: • Modify the conditions within which instruction is taking place.
  • 4. The 4MAT SystemThe 4MAT system is a strategy for dealingwith individual differences is to develop ormodify the events of instruction so that theyspecifically address individual differences.It is a direct instruction approach to teachingthat utilizes research on brain lateralizationdominance and learning style to identifyspecific instructional events that will beattractive to a specific type of student.
  • 5. The 4MAT System According to Bernice McCarthy, developer of the 4MAT system, there are 4 major learning styles, each of which asks different questions and displays different strengths during the learning process. These styles are based on the work of Gregorc & Butler (1984) and are similar to the temperaments as defined by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and the Kiersy Temperament Sorter.Gregorc, A., & Butler, K. (1984, April). Learning is a matter of style.VocEd, 27-29.
  • 6. The 4MAT SystemConcrete-RandomSP (Sensing/Perceiving) WHY?Sanquine
  • 7. The 4MAT SystemAbstract-SequentialNJ (Intuitive/Judging) WHAT?Choleric
  • 8. The 4MAT SystemConcrete-SequentialSJ (Sensing/Judging) HOW?Melancholy
  • 9. The 4MAT SystemAbstract-RandomNP (Intuitive/Perceiving) IF?Phlegmatic
  • 10. The 4MAT System
  • 11. The 4MAT SystemEach learning style is associated with bothleft- and right-brain learners. Left Right Logical, rational, Intuitive, sequential, serial, emotional, holistic, verbal parallel, and tactile-kinesthetic
  • 12. The 4MAT SystemThe 4MAT system is designed to provide everystudent with a preferred task during everylesson. There are the 8 instructional eventsproposed by this system.
  • 13. The 4MAT SystemSTEP LEFT MODE RIGHT MODE WHY? 1 Create an experience Reflect/Analyze 2 about experience
  • 14. The 4MAT SystemSTEP LEFT MODE RIGHT MODE WHAT? 3 Integrate into concepts Develop concepts 4 and skills
  • 15. The 4MAT SystemSTEP LEFT MODE RIGHT MODE HOW? 5 Practice defined givens Add something 6 of oneself
  • 16. The 4MAT SystemSTEP LEFT MODE RIGHT MODE IF? 7 Analyze application for relevance Add something 8 of oneself
  • 17. The 4MAT SystemThe 4MAT system seems to have considerableface validity, although there is not a widespreadresearch base to support it.However, following the 4MAT system forcesthe teacher to provide her students withopportunities to engage in higher-orderthinking.

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