Goal 1 test review (answers)


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Goal 1 test review (answers)

  1. 1. Name ____________________________ GOAL 1 – Review Homework (answers) 1. Which colonial document first established the concept of self-government? o Mayflower Compact 2. What was the first successful English colony in the New World? o Jamestown 3. What economic policy encouraged favorable balance of trade and developing colonies? o Mercantilism 4. England placed trade restrictions on the colonies. England benefited from these trade restrictions. What term describes this? o Navigation Acts 5. What is meant by salutary neglect? o Loose control over the colonies 6. What was the purpose of the Jamestown settlement? o To make money (Gold) 7. What was the purpose of the Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay settlements? o Religious Freedom (God) 8. Who was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony and said “we shall be as a city upon a hill?” o John Winthrop 9. How did lack of tolerance in Massachusetts Bay Colony play a role in the development of the thirteen colonies? o People looking for religious tolerance went to other colonies to find peace 10. Which colony was established by William Penn as a haven for Quakers? o Pennsylvania 11. Which colony was set up as a debtors’ colony? o Georgia 12. What are indentured servants? o Someone who agrees to work for 4 to 7 years in exchange for a passage to the new world 13. Which region of colonies was known as the Bread Colonies? o Middle Colonies 14. Which region with rich soil and a longer growing season established the plantation system? o Southern Colonies 15. What was the economy of New England based on? o Shipping, manufacturing, and fishing 16. What is triangle trade? o Trade route between England, Africa, and the New World 17. Which leg of triangle trade brought slaves from Africa to the New World? o Middle Passage 18. What was the first written constitution in the colonies? o Fundamental Orders of Connecticut 19. What document allowed religious freedom to all Christians? o Maryland Toleration Act 20. What document limited the power of the English monarch in 1215? o Magna Carta
  2. 2. 21. What was the first representative assembly in the colonies? o Virginia House of Burgesses 22. What movement led to a sharing of religion and culture across the colonies? o Great Awakening 23. What colonial trial established freedom of the press? o John Peter Zenger Trial 24. Why did the French and Indian War lead to resentment by the colonists? o It lead to England’s debt which led them to tax the colonist 25. What event involved colonists threatening British soldiers and resulted in the death of Crispus Attucks? o Boston Massacre 26. What Act by Parliament led to the Boston Tea Party? o Tea Act 27. What Acts were passed as a result of the Boston Tea Party? o Intolerable (Coercive) Acts 28. Why did use of writs of assistance anger colonists? o It allowed for open searches and seizures 29. Who was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence? o Thomas Jefferson 30. Which colonial organization signed the Declaration of Independence? o Second Continental Congress 31. What are John Locke’s natural rights? o Life, Liberty, and Property 32. John Locke believed man’s natural state is free, but man chooses to form a government to protect his property. What theory does this describe? o Social Contract Theory 33. What idea about government was promoted by the Baron de Montesquieu? o Separation of Powers 34. What did Thomas Paine encourage in his pamphlet, Common Sense? o He encouraged the colonist to go to war with England 35. What was the first government after the Revolutionary War? o Articles of Confederation 36. What law outlined steps for statehood around the Ohio River Territory? o Northwest Ordinance 37. Ultimately, why were the Articles of Confederation weak? o No power to tax, No chief executive, No National Courts, No National Currency 38. What rebellion was led by farmers in Massachusetts? o Shay’s Rebellion 39. What was the initial purpose of delegates meeting in Philadelphia in 1787? o Propose a new government (constitution) 40. How should states be represented in Congress according to the Virginia Plan? o Based on population 41. How should states be represented in Congress according to the New Jersey Plan?
  3. 3. o Based on equal representation 42. Describe what was created by the Great Compromise. o Bicameral legislature 43. What was the northern states viewpoint on counting slaves for the purpose of representation? o Slaves should not be counted in population 44. What was the southern states viewpoint on counting slaves for the purpose of representation? o Slaves should be counted in population 45. What compromise settled this dispute of how slaves should be counted for the purpose of representation? o 3/5 Compromise 46. List three writers of the Federalist Papers. o James Madison, John Jay, Alexander Hamilton 47. What was the purpose of the Federalist Papers? o To convince the citizens to adopt the constitution and get rid of the Articles of Confederation 48. What political party opposed the ratification of the US Constitution? o Anti-federalists 49. Who is considered the Father of the US Constitution? o James Madison 50. What was added to the US Constitution that satisfied the Anti-Federalists? o Bill of Rights 51. What is the purpose of the Bill of Rights? o Lists rights of citizens 52. What is the difference between direct and representative democracy? o Direct democracy allows citizens to participate in the law making process and a representative democracy the people elect representatives to make laws and run the government 53. What is the difference between absolute and constitutional monarchies? o Absolute monarchy a king or queen has supreme control over the government and a constitutional monarchy the king or queen shares powers with an elected legislature 54. What is the purpose of a constitution? o A written plan of government