Name ____________________________ GOAL 1 – Review Homework (answers)
1. Which colonial document first established the concept of self-government?
o Mayflower Compact
2. What was the first successful English colony in the New World?
3. What economic policy encouraged favorable balance of trade and developing colonies?
4. England placed trade restrictions on the colonies. England benefited from these trade restrictions. What term
o Navigation Acts
5. What is meant by salutary neglect?
o Loose control over the colonies
6. What was the purpose of the Jamestown settlement?
o To make money (Gold)
7. What was the purpose of the Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay settlements?
o Religious Freedom (God)
8. Who was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony and said “we shall be as a city upon a hill?”
o John Winthrop
9. How did lack of tolerance in Massachusetts Bay Colony play a role in the development of the thirteen colonies?
o People looking for religious tolerance went to other colonies to find peace
10. Which colony was established by William Penn as a haven for Quakers?
11. Which colony was set up as a debtors’ colony?
12. What are indentured servants?
o Someone who agrees to work for 4 to 7 years in exchange for a passage to the new world
13. Which region of colonies was known as the Bread Colonies?
o Middle Colonies
14. Which region with rich soil and a longer growing season established the plantation system?
o Southern Colonies
15. What was the economy of New England based on?
o Shipping, manufacturing, and fishing
16. What is triangle trade?
o Trade route between England, Africa, and the New World
17. Which leg of triangle trade brought slaves from Africa to the New World?
o Middle Passage
18. What was the first written constitution in the colonies?
o Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
19. What document allowed religious freedom to all Christians?
o Maryland Toleration Act
20. What document limited the power of the English monarch in 1215?
o Magna Carta
21. What was the first representative assembly in the colonies?
o Virginia House of Burgesses
22. What movement led to a sharing of religion and culture across the colonies?
o Great Awakening
23. What colonial trial established freedom of the press?
o John Peter Zenger Trial
24. Why did the French and Indian War lead to resentment by the colonists?
o It lead to England’s debt which led them to tax the colonist
25. What event involved colonists threatening British soldiers and resulted in the death of Crispus Attucks?
o Boston Massacre
26. What Act by Parliament led to the Boston Tea Party?
o Tea Act
27. What Acts were passed as a result of the Boston Tea Party?
o Intolerable (Coercive) Acts
28. Why did use of writs of assistance anger colonists?
o It allowed for open searches and seizures
29. Who was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence?
o Thomas Jefferson
30. Which colonial organization signed the Declaration of Independence?
o Second Continental Congress
31. What are John Locke’s natural rights?
o Life, Liberty, and Property
32. John Locke believed man’s natural state is free, but man chooses to form a government to protect his property.
What theory does this describe?
o Social Contract Theory
33. What idea about government was promoted by the Baron de Montesquieu?
o Separation of Powers
34. What did Thomas Paine encourage in his pamphlet, Common Sense?
o He encouraged the colonist to go to war with England
35. What was the first government after the Revolutionary War?
o Articles of Confederation
36. What law outlined steps for statehood around the Ohio River Territory?
o Northwest Ordinance
37. Ultimately, why were the Articles of Confederation weak?
o No power to tax, No chief executive, No National Courts, No National Currency
38. What rebellion was led by farmers in Massachusetts?
o Shay’s Rebellion
39. What was the initial purpose of delegates meeting in Philadelphia in 1787?
o Propose a new government (constitution)
40. How should states be represented in Congress according to the Virginia Plan?
o Based on population
41. How should states be represented in Congress according to the New Jersey Plan?
o Based on equal representation
42. Describe what was created by the Great Compromise.
o Bicameral legislature
43. What was the northern states viewpoint on counting slaves for the purpose of representation?
o Slaves should not be counted in population
44. What was the southern states viewpoint on counting slaves for the purpose of representation?
o Slaves should be counted in population
45. What compromise settled this dispute of how slaves should be counted for the purpose of representation?
o 3/5 Compromise
46. List three writers of the Federalist Papers.
o James Madison, John Jay, Alexander Hamilton
47. What was the purpose of the Federalist Papers?
o To convince the citizens to adopt the constitution and get rid of the Articles of Confederation
48. What political party opposed the ratification of the US Constitution?
49. Who is considered the Father of the US Constitution?
o James Madison
50. What was added to the US Constitution that satisfied the Anti-Federalists?
o Bill of Rights
51. What is the purpose of the Bill of Rights?
o Lists rights of citizens
52. What is the difference between direct and representative democracy?
o Direct democracy allows citizens to participate in the law making process and a representative
democracy the people elect representatives to make laws and run the government
53. What is the difference between absolute and constitutional monarchies?
o Absolute monarchy a king or queen has supreme control over the government and a constitutional
monarchy the king or queen shares powers with an elected legislature
54. What is the purpose of a constitution?
o A written plan of government