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To serve and protect
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Goal 6

  1. 1. Goal 6: The Law<br />
  2. 2. Influences on American Law<br />Code of Hammurabi<br />Ten Commandments<br />English Common Law<br />Roman Law (Jurisprudence)<br />
  3. 3. Code of Hammurabi<br />Definition<br />First set of written laws with punishments<br />Influence<br />Breaking the law = consequence <br />ex: death, cut off hand<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Ten Commandments<br />Definition<br />Set of moral laws <br />Ex: don’t kill, don’t steal, don’t cheat<br />Influence<br />Established moral laws in America<br />Ex: don’t kill, don’t steal, don’t cheat<br />
  6. 6. English Common Law<br />Definition<br />English courts use previous cases to decide crimes and punishments<br />Influence<br />The use of precedence in American court system<br />
  7. 7. Roman Law (Jurisprudence)<br />Definition<br />The study of the law as a profession<br />Influence<br />Law School, Lawyers & Judges<br />
  8. 8. The 4 Types of Laws<br />Common/Civil Law<br />Criminal/Statutory Law<br />Administrative Law<br />Constitutional Law<br />
  9. 9. Common/Civil Law<br />Description<br />Laws that deal with conflicts between people<br />Examples<br />Divorce Law, injunctions<br />
  10. 10. Criminal/Statutory Law<br />Description<br />A state penal code (statute)<br />Example<br />Theft, arson, assault, robbery <br />
  11. 11. Administrative Law<br />Description<br />A law created by a government agency<br />Example<br />Restaurant ratings, ‘bleeped’ words on the radio<br />
  12. 12. Constitutional Law<br />Description<br /> A Law created by the Constitution<br />Example<br />No poll tax (24th Amendment), segregated schools (14th Amendment)<br />
  13. 13. Government Agencies<br />
  14. 14. Center for Disease Control<br />CDC<br />promotes health and quality of life by preventing and controlling disease, injury, and disability<br />
  15. 15. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)<br />The CIA is an independent agency responsible for providing national security intelligence to senior US policymakers. The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (D/CIA) is nominated by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate. <br />
  16. 16. CPSC<br />protect consumers from risks of injuries associated with products<br />
  17. 17. Federal Aviation Administration<br />FAA<br />regulates aviation to promote safety and operates a system of air traffic control<br />
  18. 18. FDA<br />Regulates food, dietary supplements, prescription drugs, cosmetics and medical devices (makes sure these products are safe to consume for use)<br />
  19. 19. Federal Emergency Management Agency<br />FEMA<br />strives to reduce the loss of life and property from all hazards, including natural disasters and acts of terrorism by teaching people how to get through a disaster, will also help people get back on their feet after a disaster <br />
  20. 20. Federal Communications Commission<br />FCC<br />regulate communication, including radio, television, wire, satellite and cable<br />
  21. 21. US Citizenship and Immigration Services<br />USCIS<br />regulates immigration and naturalization services. Settles immigrant visa petitions, naturalization petitions, and asylum and refugee applications.<br />
  22. 22. Internal Revenue Service<br />IRS<br />helps Americans understand and meet their tax responsibilities. Applies the tax law fairly to all<br />
  23. 23. Drug Enforcement Administration<br />DEA<br />enforces controlled substance laws. Investigates and prosecutes violators of controlled substance laws. The DEA also seeks prosecution of criminals and drug gangs who perpetrate violence in our communities<br />
  24. 24. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives<br />ATF<br />Regulates the firearms and explosives industries to prevent terrorism, reduce violent crime, acts of arson, and illegal trafficking of alcohol and tobacco products.<br />
  25. 25. Law Enforcement and Informing the Public<br />Turn to page 3 of your qualifier<br />
  26. 26. Law Enforcement<br />Find your Law Enforcement graphic organizer we have already completed and put them in your notes. You have 7 minutes to get this completed!<br />
  27. 27. Law Enforcement Agencies<br />
  28. 28. Police<br />Jurisdiction<br />Town or City (CMPD)<br />Job<br />Carry out the everyday tasks (traffic, arrests, 911 calls)<br />
  29. 29. Sheriff<br />Jurisdiction<br />County (Mecklenburg)<br />Job<br />Serve warrants, oversee jails, transport prisoners, courthouse security<br />
  30. 30. State Trooper(Highway Patrol)<br />Jurisdiction<br />State (N.C.)<br />Job<br />Patrol interstates, enforce commerce laws, assist local police<br />
  31. 31. State Bureau of Investigation(SBI)<br />Jurisdiction<br />State (N.C.)<br />Job<br />Investigate criminal activities that deal with more than one part of the state<br />
  32. 32. Federal Bureau of Investigation(FBI)<br />Jurisdiction<br />Country (U.S.)<br />Job<br />Investigate criminal activities that include more than one state<br />
  33. 33. Drug Enforcements Agency(DEA)<br />Jurisdiction<br />Country (U.S.)<br />Job<br />Investigate and arrest in drug related crimes<br />
  34. 34. Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms(ATF)<br />Jurisdiction<br />Country (U.S.)<br />Job<br />Catch criminals of alcohol, tobacco, or firearm use<br />
  35. 35. Secret Service<br />Jurisdiction<br />U.S. and rest of World<br />Job<br />Protect the President and other top officials<br />Investigate counterfeiting (fake $) crimes<br />
  36. 36. Law Enforcement CHALLENGE!!!<br />Decide which law enforcement agency will be involved in the following scenarios.<br />Don’t show your answers until told to do so. This way you are protecting your team.<br />
  37. 37. Scenario #1<br />Jeremiah is driving an tractor trailer down I-77 30mph over the speed limit.<br />STATE TROOPER<br />
  38. 38. Scenario #2<br />A warrant is out for the arrest of Jasmine who robbed two old ladies on Sunday.<br />SHERIFF<br />
  39. 39. Scenario #3<br />A farmer in Cabarrus County is growing an illegal substance in one of his fields<br />Drug Enforcement Agency<br />(DEA)<br />
  40. 40. Scenario #4<br />There is a Timbaland concert at Bobcats Arena and traffic needs to be controlled.<br />POLICE<br />
  41. 41. Scenario #5<br />Two murder crimes, one in Charlotte, the other in Wilmington, have been linked together.<br />STATE BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (SBI)<br />
  42. 42. Scenario #6<br />A wine maker is transporting bottles across the country without the proper permit.<br />Alcohol Tobacco and Firearm<br />(ATF)<br />
  43. 43. Scenario #7<br />Terrorists in New York are talking to terrorists in Los Angles about another attack on the U.S. <br />Federal Bureau of Investigation<br />(FBI)<br />
  44. 44. Scenario #8<br />There is a riot in uptown Charlotte after the Panthers lose the Super Bowl by 1 point.<br />POLICE<br />
  45. 45. Scenario #9<br />CMPD needs help finding Ms. Huckaby, who fell off a boat on Lake Norman.<br />STATE TROOPER<br />
  46. 46. Scenario #10<br />Black market DVD’s a being smuggled into the U.S. along the eastern states.<br />FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (FBI)<br />
  47. 47. Scenario #11<br />Snipers are shooting innocent civilians in Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia.<br />FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (FBI)<br />OR<br />ALCOHOL TOBACCO and FIREARM (ATF)<br />
  48. 48. Scenario #12<br />Ms. Nall is being brought to trial for the murder of a student who didn’t do his homework. Security is needed at the courthouse.<br />SHERIFF<br />
  49. 49. Scenario #13<br />Mr. Leichner was murdered in his Mecklenburg County home, but his body was found in a Gaston County park.<br />STATE BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (SBI)<br />
  50. 50. Scenario #14<br />A huge drug bust is about to take place in Charlotte.<br />Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)<br />
  51. 51. Scenario #15<br />The President is traveling to Iraq to surprise the troops during Thanksgiving.<br />SECRET SERVICE<br />
  52. 52. When different law enforcement agencies from two areas of jurisdiction work together to return a suspect to the place of a crime, it is known as _________________. <br />EXTRADITION<br />
  53. 53. What is retribution?<br />A criminals payment to society for committing a crime.<br />Prison time, fine, death penalty, re$titution<br />
  54. 54. What is re$titution?<br />A criminal pays the victim money as part of his or her punishment<br />DISCUSS: How is restitution different from a fine?<br />
  55. 55. What are possible punishments for a convicted Felon?<br />Prison<br />Death Penalty<br />Loss of privilege<br />Restitution<br />
  56. 56. What are possible punishments for someone guilty of a misdemeanor?<br />Fine<br />Community Service<br />Probation<br />Jail time<br />
  57. 57. What are possible punishments for convicted minor?<br />Juvenile Detention<br />Probation<br />Community Service<br />Boot Camp<br />THE GOAL IS REHABILITATION!!!!<br />
  58. 58. The “Full faith & credit clause”<br />Page 3, #4<br />Allows one states to uphold the laws of another state. <br />EX: A 15 year old S.C. can drive by herself in N.C.<br />
  59. 59. What is meant by the statement…<br />“Ignorance of the law is no excuse”?<br />A person who is unaware of the law cannot escape liability for violating the law merely because they were unaware of the law.<br />Discuss: Is this a good policy?<br />
  60. 60. Ways citizens can inform themselves of new laws…<br />attend town meetings,<br />public hearings, or<br />public forums<br />media<br />utilizing government publications and websites<br />
  61. 61. Ways the government can inform citizens of new laws<br />public debates<br />franking privilege<br />press releases<br />update government publications and websites<br />Examples<br />Click it or ticket campaigns<br />Move over laws<br />
  62. 62. Retribution<br />Turn to page 3 of your qualifier!!!<br />Define retribution – <br />Punishment given after being convicted of a crime.<br />
  63. 63. Types of Punishments (Retribution) for convicted felon<br />Turn back to page 8<br />Prison terms of substantial length<br />Loss of Privileges such as professional licenses, public offices, or public employment, driver’s license<br />Capital Punishment-a sentence of public execution<br />Restitution- pay money to the victim or the judicial system<br />
  64. 64. Types of punishments- guilty of a misdemeanor<br />Prison lasting usually no longer than 12 months. Sometimes even part time imprisonment, weekend stays, etc..<br />Community Service<br />Fines<br />Probation<br />
  65. 65. Types of punishment – convicted minor (<18yrs)<br />Boot Camp programs instill discipline, education, and civic responsibility in youth offenders.<br />Probation a suspended jail sentence for the convicted to be rehabilitated by the community<br />Community Service<br />House Arrest<br />
  66. 66. What is the goal in punishing minors compared to punishing adults??<br />rehabilitation – to correct the wrong decisions of minors in hopes they will not make bad decisions when they are adults<br />
  67. 67. Supreme Court CasesGoal 6<br />
  68. 68. Korematsu v. United States (1944)<br />Amendment at question?<br />14th (equal protection)<br />Story<br />Japanese-Americans forced to move from the west coast to internment camps during WWII<br />Impact<br />Can take away civil rights of a single racial group if protecting national security<br />
  69. 69. Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978)<br />Amendment at question<br />14th amendment (equal protection)<br />Story<br />White student rejected by a medical school even though his GPA was higher than some minority students. Bakke claimed reverse discrimination. <br />Impact<br />Race can be one of the factors when choosing students for a diverse student body. Quotas (a set number) are not allowed.<br />
  70. 70. New Jersey V. TLO (1985)<br />Amendment<br />4th searches and seizures<br />14th equal protection<br />Story<br />Accused of smoking in bathroom, was searched and had cigarettes, marijuana, and evidence that she was dealing drugs. Claimed evidence obtained by “unreasonable” search<br />Impact<br />Schools can search as long as there is a “reasonable suspicion” do not have to prove “probable cause”<br />
  71. 71. Roe v. Wade (1973)<br />Amendment<br />9th (right to privacy)<br />Story<br />Texas woman challenged the state law forbidding abortion<br />Impact<br />Court upheld a woman’s right to choose whether or not to end her pregnancy through the 1st trimester (1st 3 months)<br />
  72. 72. Texas v. Johnson (1989)<br />Amendment<br />1st (freedom of speech)<br />Story<br />Man arrested for burning a flag which violated Texas state law<br />Impact<br />Flag burning is protected under free speech/protest<br />
  73. 73. What types of cases does the US Supreme Court have original jurisdiction? <br /> Disputes between states<br /> Conflicts with foreign gov’ts or officials<br />
  74. 74. What are the two sides of a civil trial? <br /> Plaintiff v. defense<br />What do these two sides usually end up doing about their dispute? Why?<br />Settling outside of court because court fees are expensive<br />