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Chapter 12 Section 2       The    Congress    Of Vienna
I. The Congress of Vienna  a. Austria, Prussia, Russia and Great     Britain    i. The powers of Europe wanted to        r...
B. Some countries will not accept   the principle of legitimacy.C. The Congress also rearranged   European territories to ...
II. The Conservative Order  a. Conservatism is based on tradition of     social stability.    i. Conservatives wanted obed...
c. Principle of intervention:   countries had a right to intervene   where revolutions were   threatening monarchies.  i. ...
III.Forces of Change  a. The forces of liberalism and     nationalism were gathering to     bring about change from the ol...
b. Liberals supported religious   toleration.  i. Supported separation of church and      state.  ii. Favored constitution...
d. Nationalism- A sense of belonging to a   community with common institutions,   traditions, language, and customs.  i. T...
IV.The Revolutions of 1848  a. The forces of nationalism and     liberalism erupted in revolutions.  b. France endured sev...
c. Monarchy is overthrown in 1848.  i. Many wanted to set up a republic.  ii. Election would be held to elect      members...
Charles  LouisNapoleonBonaparte
e. Germanic Confederation- 38   Independent German states   recognized by the Congress of   Vienna.  i. An Assembly, met t...
f. Multinational state- collection of   different peoples.  i. Only the Hapsburg emperor provided a      common bond.  ii....
V. Revolts in Italian States  a. The congress of Vienna set up nine     states in Italy.    i. Revolutions occur in Lombar...
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12.2 powerpoint

12.2

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12.2 powerpoint

  1. 1. Chapter 12 Section 2 The Congress Of Vienna
  2. 2. I. The Congress of Vienna a. Austria, Prussia, Russia and Great Britain i. The powers of Europe wanted to restore the old order following Napoleon’s defeat. ii. Metternich-Austrian foreign minister led the Congress. Established the principle of Legitimacy. 1. He decided to restore legitimate monarchs deposed by Napoleon
  3. 3. B. Some countries will not accept the principle of legitimacy.C. The Congress also rearranged European territories to form a new balance of military and political power to keep on country from dominating Europe.
  4. 4. II. The Conservative Order a. Conservatism is based on tradition of social stability. i. Conservatives wanted obedience to traditional political authority. ii. They did not like revolution or demands for rights and government representation. b. Congress agreed to meet in the future to take steps to keep the balance of power in Europe. i. Meetings become known as Concert of Europe.
  5. 5. c. Principle of intervention: countries had a right to intervene where revolutions were threatening monarchies. i. Britain rejected the principle, saying countries should not interfere in the internal affairs of other states. ii. Austria, Prussia, Russia, and France did crush revolutions.
  6. 6. III.Forces of Change a. The forces of liberalism and nationalism were gathering to bring about change from the old order. i. Liberalism-based on Enlightenment Principals that people should be free from government restraints. 1. Ex. American Bill of Rights.
  7. 7. b. Liberals supported religious toleration. i. Supported separation of church and state. ii. Favored constitutional forms of government.c. Liberals believed that the right to vote should be men who owned property. i. Wanted to share power with the middle class, not the lower class.
  8. 8. d. Nationalism- A sense of belonging to a community with common institutions, traditions, language, and customs. i. This community is called a nation. ii. Citizens owe their loyalty to the nation, not the king.e. Nationalists believed that each nationality should have its own government. i. Conservatives feared that this would upset the balance of power in Europe.
  9. 9. IV.The Revolutions of 1848 a. The forces of nationalism and liberalism erupted in revolutions. b. France endured severe economic problems. i. Created hardships for the lower class. ii. Middle class wanted the right to vote. iii. King refused and opposition grew.
  10. 10. c. Monarchy is overthrown in 1848. i. Many wanted to set up a republic. ii. Election would be held to elect members of the Constituent Assembly, which would develop a new constitution.d. New constitution ratified. i. Second Republic. ii. Single Legislature. iii. President served 4 years. 1. Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte elected.
  11. 11. Charles LouisNapoleonBonaparte
  12. 12. e. Germanic Confederation- 38 Independent German states recognized by the Congress of Vienna. i. An Assembly, met to fulfill the liberal and nationalist goal of creating a constitution that guaranteed; 1. Free Press. 2. Trials by jury. 3. An all German Parliament.
  13. 13. f. Multinational state- collection of different peoples. i. Only the Hapsburg emperor provided a common bond. ii. Germans will play a leading role in governing Austria even though they were only a quarter of the population.g. March 1848 demonstrations will occur throughout the German states. i. Metternich will be dismissed. ii. Citizens call for liberal constitutions. iii. Rebels will be crushed by Austrian and Russian military force.
  14. 14. V. Revolts in Italian States a. The congress of Vienna set up nine states in Italy. i. Revolutions occur in Lombardy and Venetia. ii. Austrians reestablished complete control over the two areas.

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