Where australians live


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Where australians live

  1. 1. Where Australians Live… Location, Climate, & Natural Resources in Australia
  2. 2. Location Of Australia <ul><li>Both a continent & a country </li></ul><ul><li>Lies about 2,000 miles southeast of Asia </li></ul><ul><li>In the southern hemisphere </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Literally the “land down under”! </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Location <ul><li>Coastal areas are the most populated </li></ul><ul><li>Most people live along east coast </li></ul><ul><li>Most populated city is Sydney, in New South Wales </li></ul><ul><li>Another populated city: Brisbane, Queensland </li></ul>
  4. 6. Location <ul><li>Nearly 80% of Australians live in urban areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Australia is one of the world’s most urbanized countries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>70% of all Australians live in cities of more than 100,000 people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sydney has 3 and a 1/2 million people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Melbourne has about 3 million people </li></ul></ul>
  5. 8. Climate of Australia <ul><li>Varies across the continent </li></ul><ul><li>It’s south of the equator, so climate is opposite North America: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summer: December through March </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winter: June through September </li></ul></ul>
  6. 10. Climate: North Australia <ul><li>Northern part of Australia is closest to the equator </li></ul><ul><li>Tropical climate and is warm-to-hot all year round </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gets more rain than any other part of the country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Winter: wet and cool </li></ul><ul><li>Summer: hot and dry </li></ul>
  7. 11. Climate: Central Australia <ul><li>Desert is the largest part of Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Little rain falls here </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of this area gets less than 10 inches of rain per year! </li></ul></ul>
  8. 12. Climate: Coasts <ul><li>Only the southeast and southwest corners have a temperate climate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summers aren’t too hot & winters aren’t too cold (similar to Georgia) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Climate in these regions is the one that Australians prefer the most </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most Australians live along southeastern coast </li></ul></ul>
  9. 14. Natural Resources of Australia <ul><li>Outback refers to the dry interior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly open countryside, including vast expanses of grazing land </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Few widely scattered settlements in the Outback </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many of them grew up around mining operations… </li></ul></ul>
  10. 16. Natural Resources: Mining <ul><li>Australians mine for coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, zinc, oil, and natural gas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead the world in the production of diamonds, lead, & bauxite (used to make aluminum)! </li></ul></ul>
  11. 17. Natural Resources: Mining <ul><li>Minerals are often found in areas that are difficult to reach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roads are expensive to build, but they are needed to get workers & equipment to remote locations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expensive equipment is needed to move minerals to populated cities to trade </li></ul></ul>
  12. 19. Natural Resources: Arable Land <ul><li>Land that is good for farming </li></ul><ul><li>Enough areas with good land and rainfall to make farming an important business in Australia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers here produce more than Australians can consume, so the food is traded and sold around the world </li></ul></ul>
  13. 21. Questions to Consider: <ul><li>Where do most Australians live? </li></ul><ul><li>What important business is done in the outback? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do most Australians live in southeastern Australia? </li></ul>
  14. 22. Postcard Directions: <ul><li>Front : Illustration of your favorite Australian destination (must be colorful!) </li></ul><ul><li>Back : Write a greeting to one of your friends that describes Australia. Be sure to include: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Land </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul></ul></ul>