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Australia Is Discovered


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Australia Is Discovered

  1. 1. Origin and History of the Name  Australia comes from the Latin word Australis, which means “of the south” or “southern”.
  2. 2. Origin and History of the Name  Legends of an “unknown land of the south” (terra australias incognita) were common as far back as the Roman times.
  3. 3. Origin and History of the Name  References to Australia were common in medieval geography.  There was no evidence at the time of Australia.  The Dutch East India official called the newly discovered land (1638) Australische.
  4. 4. Origin and History of the Name  The first word “Australia” in English was 1693.
  5. 5. European Exploration  Many Europeans claimed to be the first to discover Australia.  French navigator Binot Paulimer de Gonneville in 1504 (actually landed in Brazil)  Spanish expedition commanded by Pedro Fernandez de Quiros and piloted by Luis vaez de Torres in 1605 (actually landed in New Vanuatu). None can be confirmed.
  6. 6. The Dutch  The first undisputed European sighting occurred in 1606 by the Dutch.  The Dutch vessel Duyfken captained by Willem Janszoon, explored the coast of the Gulf of Carpentaria.
  7. 7. The Dutch  The Dutch made one landing, were promptly attacked by the Aborigines, and abandoned further exploration.
  8. 8. The Dutch  The Dutch charted all of the western land and northern coastlines of “New Holland”.  On November 24, 1642, Abel Tasman discovered Tasmania which he named Van Diemen’s Land.  Van Diemen was the head of the Dutch East India Company, Tasman’s employer.  Tasman claimed Van Diemen’s Land for the Netherlands.
  9. 9. The British  The first Englishman to see Australia was William Dampier, a former pirate.  He made two voyages around Australia (in 1688 and 1699) before returning to England.  He was the first European to report to Australia’s unusual, large, hopping animals.
  10. 10. The British  In 1770, Captain James Cook sailed along and mapped the east coast of Australia. He named it New South Wales and claimed it for Britain. It becam ea prison