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Review for benchmark #1- nov.2011
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Review for benchmark #1- nov.2011

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SOL's 1.2-1.5a

SOL's 1.2-1.5a

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  • 1. WHAT AM I? WHO AM I?
  • 2.
    • Powerful empires
    • Located in West Africa
    • Became powerful by controlling trade
  • 3.
    • Ghana, Mali, and Songhai
  • 4.
    • Poor maps and navigational tools
    • Disease/starvation
    • Fear of the unknown
    • Lack of adequate supplies
  • 5.
    • Obstacles to exploration
  • 6.
    • Located west of the Interior Lowlands and east of the Rocky Mountains
    • Flat land that gradually increases in elevation westward
    • Grasslands
  • 7.
    • The Great Plains
  • 8.
    • Economic venture
    • Also called the Lost Colony
  • 9.
    • Roanoke Island
  • 10.
    • Holds some of the oldest rock formations in North America
    • Hills worn by erosion
    • Hundreds of lakes carved by glaciers
    • Wrapped around Hudson Bay in a horseshoe shape
  • 11.
    • Canadian Shield
  • 12.
    • Settled by a group of people who wanted freedom to practice their faith without interference
    • William Penn was the founder
  • 13.
    • Pennsylvania (Quakers)
  • 14.
    • Economic: gold, natural resources, trade
    • Religious: spread of Christianity
    • Competitions for empire
    • Belief in the superiority of their own culture
  • 15.
    • Motivating forces for European exploration
  • 16.
    • Located along the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico
    • Broad lowland providing many excellent harbors
  • 17.
    • Coastal Plain
  • 18.
    • Economic venture
    • Virginia Company of London
    • 1607
    • First permanent English settlement in North America
  • 19.
    • Jamestown
  • 20.
    • Exchanged goods and ideas
    • Improved navigational tools and ships
    • Claimed territories
  • 21.
    • Accomplishments of European exploration
  • 22.
    • Relied on geography and climate for food, clothing, and shelter
    • Lived in a rainy, mild climate
    • Inhabited the Pacific Northwest Coast
  • 23. Located-Pacific Northwest Kwakiutl
  • 24.
    • Located west of the Rocky Mountains and east of the Sierra Nevada's and the Cascades
    • Area of varying elevation containing isolated mountain ranges and Death Valley, the lowest point in North America
  • 25.
    • The Basin and Range Region
  • 26.
    • Relied on geography and environment for food, clothing, and shelter
    • Inhabited the southwest in present day New Mexico and Arizona
    • Lived in desert areas bordering cliffs and mountains
  • 27.
    • Pueblo
    Located- Southwest Pueblo
  • 28.
    • Located west of the Appalachian Mountains and east of the Great Plains
    • Rolling flat lands with many rivers, broad river valleys, and grassy hills
  • 29.
    • Interior Lowlands Region
  • 30.
    • One of the thirteen colonies
    • Settled by people who wanted a new life and economic freedom
    • Settled by people who had been in debtor’s prisons in England
  • 31.
    • Georgia
  • 32.
    • Relied on geography and climate for food, clothing, and shelter
    • Inhabited present day Alaska and Northern Canada
    • Lived in Arctic areas where the temperature is below freezing much of the year
  • 33.
    • Inuit
    Located- Canada- Alaska Inuit
  • 34.
    • Located west of the Great Plains and east of the Basin and Range
    • Rugged mountains stretching from Alaska to Mexico
    • High elevations
    • Contain the Continental Divide, which determines the directional flow of rivers
  • 35.
    • Rocky Mountain Region
  • 36.
    • Located west of the Coastal Plain
    • Extends from eastern Canada to western Alabama
    • Old, eroded mountains
    • Oldest mountain range in North America
  • 37.
    • Appalachian Mountain region
  • 38.
    • Relied on geography and climate for food, clothing, and shelter
    • Inhabited the interior of the United States
    • Great Plains
    • Dry grasslands
  • 39.
    • Lakota
    Located- The Great Plains Lakota
  • 40.
    • Settled by separatists from the Church of England
    • Colonists wanted to avoid religious persecution
  • 41.
    • Plymouth Colony (Pilgrims)
    Pilgrims landing at Plymouth Rock
  • 42.
    • Interacted with the Native Americans during the European Exploration Era
    • Established settlements and claimed ownership of land
    • Learned farming techniques from the American Indians
    • Traded
  • 43.
    • English/England
  • 44.
    • Rugged mountains along the Pacific Coast
    • Stretch from California to Canada
    • Contains fertile valleys
  • 45.
    • The Coastal Range region
  • 46.
    • Relied on geography and climate for food, clothing, and shelter
    • Inhabited Northeast North America
    • Heavily forested
    • Eastern Woodland
  • 47.
    • Iroquois
    Located- Northeast- Eastern Woodlands Iroquois
  • 48.
    • New England colony
    • Settled by people seeking religious freedom
    • Puritans
  • 49.
    • Massachusetts Bay Colony
    John Winthrop, the first Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • 50.
    • Interacted with the Native Americans during the European Exploration Era
    • Brought European diseases
    • Brought Christianity to the New World
    • Conquered and enslaved Native Americans
  • 51.
    • Spanish/Spain
  • 52.
    • European Explorers
    • Did not explore North America
    • Explored along the coast of West Africa
  • 53.
    • Portugal
  • 54.
    • Explored North America
    • Had the best relationship with the Native Americans
    • Established trading posts
  • 55.
    • French/France
  • 56.
    • The canoes, bows, and spears were examples
  • 57.
    • CAPITAL RESOURCES- goods produced and used to make other goods and services.
    •  
  • 58.
    • Study human behavior and culture through the recovery and analysis of artifacts.
  • 59.
    • ARCHAEOLOGY
  • 60.
    • HOW GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES ARE IMPORTANT TO UNITED STATES HISTORY
  • 61.
    • PATTERNS OF TRADE
    • TRADE ROUTES GREW ALONG RIVERS LIKE THE MIGHTY MISSISSIPPI RIVER OR THE GREAT LAKES .
    • LOCATIONS OF CITIES AND TOWNS
    • CITIES AND TOWNS DEVELOPED IN AREAS NEAR LARGE BODIES OF WATER THAT PROVIDED TRANSPORTATION FOR GOODS AS WELL AS NATURAL RESOURCES
  • 62.
    • WESTWARD (FRONTIER) MOVEMENT
    • RIVERS SERVED AS A MAJOR TRANSPORTATION NETWORK FOR EARLY SETTLERS MOVING WEST
    • AGRICULTURE AND FISHING INDUSTRIES
    • THE GREAT PLAINS OFFERED GREAT EXPANSES OF LAND FOR AGRICULTURE USE, SUCH AS FARMING AND RAISING CATTLE. FISHING INDUSTRIES GREW AROUND AMERICA’S PLENTIFUL COASTAL AREAS, SUCH AS VIRGINIA’S EASTERN SHORE.
    •  
  • 63.
    • Imaginary lines that run around the Earth from North to South
  • 64.
    • Longitude
  • 65.
    • Large Land mass surrounded by water
  • 66.
    • Continents
  • 67.
    • Is considered a continent even though it is not entirely surrounded by water. The land mass is frequently called Eurasia.
  • 68.
    • Europe
  • 69.
    • The American Indians had to rely on the materials around them to meet their basic needs.
  • 70.
    • GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
  • 71.
    • Large body of water
  • 72.
    • The Oceans
    Arctic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Southern Ocean
  • 73.
    • Served as the highway for explorers, early settlers, and later immigrants
  • 74.
    • The Atlantic Ocean
  • 75.
    • Imaginary lines that run around the Earth from East to West
  • 76.
    • Latitude
  • 77.
    • Were the transportation arteries/life lines for farm and industrial products. They were also links to other parts of the world.
  • 78. Mississippi River Missouri River
  • 79.
    • Was explored by the Spanish
  • 80.
    • The Colorado River
  • 81.
    • I form the border with Mexico
  • 82.
    • The Rio Grande River
  • 83.
    • I was a gateway to the west
  • 84.
    • The Ohio River
  • 85.
    • I was located on the Nottoway River in southeastern Virginia.
  • 86.
    • Cactus Hill
    An archaeologist excavating at Cactus Hill
  • 87.
    • Items found at Cactus Hill
    • provide archaeologists with evidence
    • about the people who used to live there.
    • These stone tools date back about 15,000 years.
  • 88.
    • Artifacts
  • 89.
    • I was a European Explorer
    • I explored for Spain
    • I claimed the Southwest United States
  • 90.
    • Francisco Coronado
  • 91.
    • I was a European Explorer
    • I explored eastern Canada
    • I explored for England
  • 92.
    • John Cabot
  • 93.
    • I was a European Explorer
    • I explored for France
    • I claimed the Mississippi River Valley
  • 94.
    • Robert La Salle
  • 95.
    • COME DIRECTLY FROM NATURE
  • 96.
    • NATURAL RESOURCES-
  • 97.
    • I was a European Explorer
    • I explored for France
    • I established the French settlement of Quebec
  • 98.
    • Samuel de Champlain
  • 99.
    • I was Portuguese explorer
    • I sailed around the Cape of Good Hope at the southern end of Africa into the Indian Ocean in 1498
  • 100.
    • Bartolomeu Dias
  • 101.
    • I was a Portuguese explorer
    • Ten years after Bartolomeu Dias sailed into the Indian Ocean, I reached India
  • 102.
    • Vasco da Gama
  • 103.
    • WE WERE WATER FEATURES THAT HELPED MOVE PEOPLE
    • WE HELPED THE EXPLORERS
    • WE SERVED AS A GATEWAY TO THE WEST
  • 104. THE MAJOR RIVERS OF THE UNITED STATES: COLUMBIA RIVER, OHIO RIVER, RIO GRANDE RIVER, MISSISSIPPI RIVER, MISSOURI RIVER, ST. LAWRENCE RIVER, COLORADO RIVER
  • 105.
    • People who fished, made clothing, and hunted animals were examples of :
  • 106.
    • Human Resources- people working to produce goods and services.
  • 107.
    • I provided the French and Spanish with exploration routes to Mexico and other parts of America.
  • 108.
    • The Gulf of Mexico
    Gulf of Mexico