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The First Americans
Ooooooooooo
Ahhhhhhhhhh
Section 1- The Earliest
Americans
 These are people who study the remains of the past
human life
 They study cultures which are values, attitudes and
customs of a group
The Archaeologist
 The first Americans crossed a thousand mile wide
bridge known as Beringia which connected North
America to Alaska
 Most likely they were just following food and herds
of Caribou which is like a deer or a moose
The Beringia
The ICE AGE!!!
 What is it?
The Oldest Site in the United States
is……..
 Nomads are people who do not live in one place
 They travel around
 These people were the ones that settled America first
 Clovis Point
 Over time, these individuals developed better tools
 This was a shaved stone that was used to hunt
The Nomads
What happened to Beringia?
 Can anyone guess?
 It melted…….
Section 2- People of Mesoamerica
and South America
Learning about the
Olmecs, Myans, Toltecs, Aztecs, Incas
 These were a people who were the strongest early
settlement
 We have learned a ton of stuff
 They left us carved jade and stone
 Pillars, stone heads, figurines, pottery
 Even have hieroglyphics
 Which is a system of writing
The Olmecs
Where they Lived
Statues
Architecture
Go to other powerpoint!!!!
 Around AD 250 this huge civilization rose
 They were extremely intelligent and powerful
 They built pyramids, sculptures
 Ruled for 600 years
 They were experts in astronomy
 The study of space and the planets
 They were great architects
 Builders
The Mayans (Quick facts)
 Ruled from 1200 AD- 1521
 They had a powerful military- armed forces
 They were builders
 Built canals, bridges, roads, buildings
 They had artisans
 A skilled worker
Aztecs
 Began around 1200 CE
 Ruled southern Peru in south America
 Builders, lawmakers, warrior
Incas (quick facts)
Section 3
The Southwestern People
 Indians did not just live in Mesoamerica, they also
lived in the Southwestern America.
Introduction
 They began to live about 300 BCE
 They were around till 1000 CE
 They lived in Arizona
 Build many irrigation canals
 A system of watering crops that uses canals or
ditches of water
 They had spots and rituals - an action that takes place
during a ceremony
The Hohokam
Mogollon
 Began around 200 BCE
 Lived in Arizona and Southern New Mexico
 Were farmers
 Build houses on bluffs, mesas (flat topped height),
or on high grounds
 Built underground "pit houses" that were the earliest
kivas- a large underground room used for ceremonies
 They were the first southwestern people to make
pottery
 Began around 100 CE
 Arizona
 New Mexico
 Utah,
 Colorado
 Grew corn and hunted
Chaco Canyon Anasazi
 By 900 CE the main settlement was Chaco Canyon (Now
North Central America)
 Called "cliff dwellers"
 Dwellings (a home) were made of the same material as
the cliffs
 Farmers
 Caught the water from the rainfall off the cliff
 They were religious (relating to a belief in a higher being)
 They had ceremonies that helped with rain fall.
 Eventually drought cased them to leave their homes
Continued
 They lived on the sides of high mesas in southwestern
Colorado
 Built thousands of dams on small streams
 Even build a stone-lined reservoir- a large place used
to store water
 It could hold almost two million gallons of water
Mesa Verde Anasazi
 Lived from 1100 to 1300 in Northwestern Arizona
 Masters of pottery and weaving
 How they struggled
 There was warfare
 Drought
 They moved to the Rio Grande
Kayenta Anasazi
 They had descendants- one who comes from a group
of people
 The Pueblos
 One group of today's pueblos are the Hopi in
Northwestern Arizona
 Hopi's are known for their kachina rituals
 Katchina is the spirit of an ancestor
Continued
 Why were the Hohokam able to farm dry land?
 They build miles of irrigation
 Who were the first southwestern people to make pottery?
 The Mogollon
 Which people were called "Cliff Dwellers"
 The Anasazi
 How did the Mesa Verde Anasazi get water for farming?
 Building dams and reservoirs
 How were the lifestyles of Hohokam, Mogllon, and Anasazi alike?
 All were farmers in what is today the southwestern united
states
Review
Section 4
The Adena-Hopewell Mound Builders
 700 BCE a group of Indians began building Burial
mounds in the Ohio River Valley
 They were called the Adena
 They also filled these mounds with tablets, tobacco (a
plant that some people chew or smoke), and pipes
Introduction
Burial Mounds
Burial Mounds
Burial Mounds
 They were direct descendants of the Adena
 Differences
 They never built big cities like other Indians
 Their largest settlement only had 400 people
 They build burial mounds in far greater detail
The Hopewell
 The mounds
 They were built in shapes of animals
 Snakes
 Lizards
 birds
 Panthers
 Even Humans
 They also traded with settlements
Continued
Section 5
The Mississippi, Plains, and Northwest Civilizations
 There was a discovery of burial grounds in the lower
Mississippi River Valley
 Build as early as 4500 BCE.
 There were numerous settlements there
 People who lived in this area were among the first
known to have cultivated plants
 They would use barley for food
 It was the most advanced civilization in eastern North
America
Introduction
 Near western Illinois, Middle Mississippians built
Monks Mound at Cahokia
 It is very large
 It was a major trade center for the Mississippians near
the River
 40,000 people lived there at one time
 By 1500's it was nearly deserted though
What were the Cahokia and
Moundville
 There are many descendants of the Mississippians
 Cherokees are one
 They still hold certain customs
 Green Corn Ceremony
 Held Every year
 Iroquois
 Believed to be descendants as well
 It was a large tribe
 Lived in the North West
Descendants of the Mississippians
The Plains Indians
 They are nomadic and they settled as well
 They traveled but created villages as well
 They were traders
 They adopted customs from the Hopewell
 Pottery for instance
 Some tribes of Plains Indians
 Hidatsa
 Mandan
 Pawnee
People’s of the Pacific Northwest
 Began around AD 400
 Included
 Tlingit
 Haida
 Tsimshian
 Kwakiutl
 Nootka
 They were known for their totem poles
 Tall colorful objects that had religious meaning to some
of these people
 Inuit and Eskimo
 Definition
 the fact or condition of being accountable; responsibility
 Synonyms
 Responsibility
 Liability
 Answerability
Accountability!!!!

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The First Americans

  • 2. Section 1- The Earliest Americans
  • 3.  These are people who study the remains of the past human life  They study cultures which are values, attitudes and customs of a group The Archaeologist
  • 4.
  • 5.  The first Americans crossed a thousand mile wide bridge known as Beringia which connected North America to Alaska  Most likely they were just following food and herds of Caribou which is like a deer or a moose The Beringia
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8. The ICE AGE!!!  What is it?
  • 9. The Oldest Site in the United States is……..
  • 10.  Nomads are people who do not live in one place  They travel around  These people were the ones that settled America first  Clovis Point  Over time, these individuals developed better tools  This was a shaved stone that was used to hunt The Nomads
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13. What happened to Beringia?  Can anyone guess?  It melted…….
  • 14. Section 2- People of Mesoamerica and South America Learning about the Olmecs, Myans, Toltecs, Aztecs, Incas
  • 15.  These were a people who were the strongest early settlement  We have learned a ton of stuff  They left us carved jade and stone  Pillars, stone heads, figurines, pottery  Even have hieroglyphics  Which is a system of writing The Olmecs
  • 19. Go to other powerpoint!!!!
  • 20.  Around AD 250 this huge civilization rose  They were extremely intelligent and powerful  They built pyramids, sculptures  Ruled for 600 years  They were experts in astronomy  The study of space and the planets  They were great architects  Builders The Mayans (Quick facts)
  • 21.  Ruled from 1200 AD- 1521  They had a powerful military- armed forces  They were builders  Built canals, bridges, roads, buildings  They had artisans  A skilled worker Aztecs
  • 22.  Began around 1200 CE  Ruled southern Peru in south America  Builders, lawmakers, warrior Incas (quick facts)
  • 24.  Indians did not just live in Mesoamerica, they also lived in the Southwestern America. Introduction
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  • 27.  They began to live about 300 BCE  They were around till 1000 CE  They lived in Arizona  Build many irrigation canals  A system of watering crops that uses canals or ditches of water  They had spots and rituals - an action that takes place during a ceremony The Hohokam
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  • 30. Mogollon  Began around 200 BCE  Lived in Arizona and Southern New Mexico  Were farmers  Build houses on bluffs, mesas (flat topped height), or on high grounds  Built underground "pit houses" that were the earliest kivas- a large underground room used for ceremonies  They were the first southwestern people to make pottery
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  • 34.  Began around 100 CE  Arizona  New Mexico  Utah,  Colorado  Grew corn and hunted Chaco Canyon Anasazi
  • 35.  By 900 CE the main settlement was Chaco Canyon (Now North Central America)  Called "cliff dwellers"  Dwellings (a home) were made of the same material as the cliffs  Farmers  Caught the water from the rainfall off the cliff  They were religious (relating to a belief in a higher being)  They had ceremonies that helped with rain fall.  Eventually drought cased them to leave their homes Continued
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  • 38.  They lived on the sides of high mesas in southwestern Colorado  Built thousands of dams on small streams  Even build a stone-lined reservoir- a large place used to store water  It could hold almost two million gallons of water Mesa Verde Anasazi
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  • 44.  Lived from 1100 to 1300 in Northwestern Arizona  Masters of pottery and weaving  How they struggled  There was warfare  Drought  They moved to the Rio Grande Kayenta Anasazi
  • 45.  They had descendants- one who comes from a group of people  The Pueblos  One group of today's pueblos are the Hopi in Northwestern Arizona  Hopi's are known for their kachina rituals  Katchina is the spirit of an ancestor Continued
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  • 49.  Why were the Hohokam able to farm dry land?  They build miles of irrigation  Who were the first southwestern people to make pottery?  The Mogollon  Which people were called "Cliff Dwellers"  The Anasazi  How did the Mesa Verde Anasazi get water for farming?  Building dams and reservoirs  How were the lifestyles of Hohokam, Mogllon, and Anasazi alike?  All were farmers in what is today the southwestern united states Review
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  • 52.  700 BCE a group of Indians began building Burial mounds in the Ohio River Valley  They were called the Adena  They also filled these mounds with tablets, tobacco (a plant that some people chew or smoke), and pipes Introduction
  • 56.  They were direct descendants of the Adena  Differences  They never built big cities like other Indians  Their largest settlement only had 400 people  They build burial mounds in far greater detail The Hopewell
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  • 58.  The mounds  They were built in shapes of animals  Snakes  Lizards  birds  Panthers  Even Humans  They also traded with settlements Continued
  • 59. Section 5 The Mississippi, Plains, and Northwest Civilizations
  • 60.  There was a discovery of burial grounds in the lower Mississippi River Valley  Build as early as 4500 BCE.  There were numerous settlements there  People who lived in this area were among the first known to have cultivated plants  They would use barley for food  It was the most advanced civilization in eastern North America Introduction
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  • 62.  Near western Illinois, Middle Mississippians built Monks Mound at Cahokia  It is very large  It was a major trade center for the Mississippians near the River  40,000 people lived there at one time  By 1500's it was nearly deserted though What were the Cahokia and Moundville
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  • 66.  There are many descendants of the Mississippians  Cherokees are one  They still hold certain customs  Green Corn Ceremony  Held Every year  Iroquois  Believed to be descendants as well  It was a large tribe  Lived in the North West Descendants of the Mississippians
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  • 69. The Plains Indians  They are nomadic and they settled as well  They traveled but created villages as well  They were traders  They adopted customs from the Hopewell  Pottery for instance  Some tribes of Plains Indians  Hidatsa  Mandan  Pawnee
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  • 72. People’s of the Pacific Northwest  Began around AD 400  Included  Tlingit  Haida  Tsimshian  Kwakiutl  Nootka  They were known for their totem poles  Tall colorful objects that had religious meaning to some of these people  Inuit and Eskimo
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  • 76.  Definition  the fact or condition of being accountable; responsibility  Synonyms  Responsibility  Liability  Answerability Accountability!!!!