Us History I Day 1

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Us History I Day 1

  1. 1. United States History I The First Americans: Origins and Migrations
  2. 2. Migratory Patterns <ul><li>Archaeologists and anthropolgists believe the first peoples to inhabit the Americas, also known as Paleo-Indians , migrated from Asia to North America via a land bridge, called Beringia </li></ul><ul><li>Paleo-Indians migrated to the Americas during the last Ice Age about 1.6 mil B.C. to about 8000 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Paleo-Indians were hunters-and-gatherers and may have migrated to the Americas following animals </li></ul>
  3. 3. Beringia, or the land bridge theory of First American migration
  4. 4. MIGRATIONS OF THE FIRST AMERICANS INTO NORTH AMERICA
  5. 5. Pre-contact Cultural Groups
  6. 6. Native American Linguistic Groups
  7. 7. A study of skulls excavated in Baja California, Mexico, suggests that the first Americans may have come from Southeast Asia and the southern Pacific area. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY
  8. 8. hunting-and-gathering societies <ul><li>discovery of spearheads and charred bones at Paleo-Indian sites supports the thesis that the First Americans were hunters-and-gatherers </li></ul><ul><li>Early Americans hunted deer, mastadon, and rabbits </li></ul><ul><li>Paleo-Indians also fished and gathered fruits, nuts, roots, and berries </li></ul>
  9. 9. Neolithic Settlement <ul><li>about 7000 B.C. native peoples began settling on the land and farming </li></ul><ul><li>by 5000 B.C. maize (corn), beans, and avocados were being grown </li></ul><ul><li>with agriculture comes permanent settlement on land and the proliferation of agrarian practices and techniques </li></ul>
  10. 10. Characteristics of Agrarian Settlement <ul><li>division of labor </li></ul><ul><li>specialization of tasks </li></ul><ul><li>emergence of class, or caste, distinctions </li></ul><ul><li>development of political hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>population growth </li></ul><ul><li>development of more highly advanced culture, economics, politics, society, and technology </li></ul>
  11. 11. MOUND BUILDERS
  12. 12. First Encounters: Champlain and the American Indians

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