This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
Dear Friends,We are delighted to present our Bihar webzine which truly showcases the efforts of our people, for ourpeople....
CONTENTBihar Society- An introduction........................................................................................
Bihar Society- An introductionBihar Society is a non-profit organization based in New York and promoted by non resident Bi...
were orchestrated and co-ordinated via an umbrella organization. Bihar Society can fill that void by emerging anetwork of ...
Worlds biggest problems also have their epicenter in Bihar        Malaria        Polio        Poverty        Malnutrition ...
How to connect the fellow Biharis :Please join us on Facebook:1. Facebook Bihar Communityhttp://www.facebook.com/home.php?...
Dasrath Manjhi - A symbol of Bihari resilience                                          the town through his path. It was ...
not have to go around the                five acre plot. When he met the               fighting cancer. He passed away onm...
Right to education                                          Section 3(2): Is any fee (or any              social and demog...
` modules in coordination with          (Major focus for this will be private   the activities and meetings of thegovernme...
`Shivnath Singh: the greatest among the Indian athletes                                        remarkable 11th in a very s...
Nalanda and the pursuit of science                                           answer if we are looking for a               ...
Indian old world: you only have to          Indeed, Xuangzang wrote about                 Nalanda, but as a way ofread Jam...
of the distinction between Yi Xing,        impact on the Arab world (with                universities in the world — thatt...
and linguistics. Nalanda, such as Yi      to rest among the cloudy fog high             into the scientific connections of...
Education sectorEducation sector is one of the most       read, class 8 students are unable to             and because of ...
Babu Kunwar SinghKunwar Singh epitomises not only           royal race). His ancestors belong to          In his last batt...
Empowering Bihar through renewable energyFor a State growing at around 10%              districts.Bihar continues to suffe...
Bhojpuri Cinema’ a declining phase for lack of patronage.                                         started leaving the stat...
What is the way forward?                  watched. If it has a strong script to        But good films will not come up jus...
giving a tax holiday for the next five    automatically result in production           setting up a film city and a filmye...
Collaboration of “Deswa” and “Brand Bihar”The young film director and one of the members of                  with print of...
Launch of Blissful Bihar Campaign- The Blissful Bihar desktop calendar for 2011On the eve of new year 2011, one of our mem...
Development of SSI sector in BiharThere is lot of buzz about state        the financing banks, it results in           an ...
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
THE BIHAR
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THE BIHAR

  1. 1. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  2. 2. Dear Friends,We are delighted to present our Bihar webzine which truly showcases the efforts of our people, for ourpeople.It’s an earnest attempt to connect Bihar to world and rest of world to Bihar. Our inspiration and guidingsources are the greats of Bihar like Ashoka, Chanakya and Lord Mahavira to name a few. We take greatpride in our past and also look forward to usher into Bihar 3.0 which we believe will lead the country andworld at large.Our webzine truly represents the collaborative, passionate and committed efforts from friends of Bihar.We aspire to set new standards in our attempt to showcase the best which Bihar has to offer. Inspired byConstantin Brancusi, Romanian sculptor, quote "Create like a goddess, Command like a queen, Worklike a slave", we believe this effort will strengthen our sincere resolution in scripting a new story ofprogressive Bihar and a better world.Do share your feedback with us, it will extremely valuable in our journey.Team Bihar This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  3. 3. CONTENTBihar Society- An introduction..................................................................................................................................... 4How to connect the fellow Biharis :............................................................................................................................. 7Want to contribute to this magazine ........................................................................................................................... 7Want to advertise in this magazine ............................................................................................................................. 7Editorial Board ............................................................................................................................................................. 7Dasrath Manjhi - A symbol of Bihari resilience............................................................................................................ 8Right to education ..................................................................................................................................................... 10Shivnath Singh: the greatest among the Indian athletes .......................................................................................... 12Nalanda and the pursuit of science ........................................................................................................................... 13Education sector ........................................................................................................................................................ 17Babu Kunwar Singh .................................................................................................................................................... 18Empowering Bihar through renewable energy ......................................................................................................... 19Bhojpuri Cinema’ a declining phase for lack of patronage. ....................................................................................... 20Collaboration of “Deswa” and “Brand Bihar” ............................................................................................................ 23Launch of Blissful Bihar Campaign- The Blissful Bihar desktop calendar for 2011 .................................................... 24Development of SSI sector in Bihar ........................................................................................................................... 25 U ...................................................................................................................................... 28 [ ............................................................................................................................................. 30Institution of Facebook youth ICON OF BIHAR by Facebook BIHAR group……………………………………………………………..32A forgotten temple of Knowledge- waiting for its revival………………………………………………………………………………………33Seasons – a Poem………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….35 , ………………………………………………….…………………………………………36PRACHIN BHARAT -Bringing History and Technology together ................................................................................. 37World Class University & Research ............................................................................................................................ 40Green Leaf Energy Pvt. Ltd. – an integrated renewable energy company .................................................... 24Volunteer Jobs………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………43 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  4. 4. Bihar Society- An introductionBihar Society is a non-profit organization based in New York and promoted by non resident Biharis from all over theworld to promote Bihar interest not only within Bihar and India but also outside India in the International arena.Bihar Society is inspired by Ashoka (http://www.ashoka.org/), Asia Society( www.asiasociety.org ), Japan Society(http://www.japansociety.org/), Wikipedia( www.wikipedia.org ), OpenSource, AIF and similar global organizationsthat have made a significant impact on the lives of people around the world.At Bihar Society our goal is to work to strengthen relationships and promote understanding between Bihari andInternational leaders, people and institutions. We seek to increase knowledge and enhance dialogue, encouragecreative expression, and generate new ideas across the fields of arts and culture, policy business, and education. Inthis pursuit Bihar Society would like to contribute towards making Bihar the Knowledge, cultural, social andentrepreneurial hub of the world as it once was in yore.Founded in 2007, Bihar Society is a nonpartisan, nonprofit educational institution with offices in Patna ( as KarmaSociety) Europe, Singapore, New York, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai San Francisco, and Washington, DC.The symbol of the Asia Society is the the ruins of the Gloripus. Nalanda University which once was the knowledgecapital of the World.The vision is to make Bihar Society a leading organization both within and outside Bihar on similar line the AsiaSociety in Ney Your. Bihar Society wants to become what Asia Society is for Asia on world stage.It mission is not only to promote the brand Bihar on international level but also to make it a premium Brand whichexcites one and all in its own unique way. It also wants to connect Bihar and its stakeholders.Why Bihar Society ?After Bihars darkest days in last few decades, Bihar has been bouncing back in the area of governance. There hasbeen a surge of political, cultural and economic revival in Bihar and civic society needs a glocal ( Global+Local)platform to help connect the million mutinies taking place in Bihar and rest of world. Most civic society effortshave been event focussed or a cause focussed or person focussed. When that person or group goes throughcyclical changes in status those efforts die down. Many times those isolated efforts could have a greater impact if This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  5. 5. were orchestrated and co-ordinated via an umbrella organization. Bihar Society can fill that void by emerging anetwork of networks (people, orgs and causes) to reap the benefits of synergy.I am not from Bihar, why should I care ?If you care about world then Asia is the largest in terms of population and within that India, China and Japan arethe three largest economies and populations. Bihar is the heart, mind, soul of Asia.a) Worlds biggest ideas, people and contributions in the area of art,science,culture,religion. In short, much ofIndias glorious heritage has origins in Bihar have come from Bihar Yogasutra of Patanjali Gautam Buddha of Bodh Gaya Mahavir (Jainism) of Pawapuri Democracy by Licchivis in Vaishali Astronomy (Aryabhatta, Patna Political Economy (Arthashastra by Chanakya), Patna Sikhism (Guru Gobind Singh), Patna Largest Empire (Ashoka) based in Patna Chandragupta Maurya based in Patna Worlds oldest and larges University, Nalanda Indias Freedom Struggle (1857,1947) at Bihar First President and Father of Constitution, Rajendra Prasad, Jiradei, Siwan Total Revolution to removed Indiras Emergency by Jai Prakash Narayan, PatnaHence like all great societies, Bihar has gone from a glorious past to a complete collapse. It has started bouncingback and the world needs to help it re-emergeI am already part of many social causes, why should i help or join Bihar Society ? This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  6. 6. Worlds biggest problems also have their epicenter in Bihar Malaria Polio Poverty Malnutrition Unemployment Water EnergyWho is funding Bihar Society ?Bihar Society was conceived and started by Atul Kumar with the help of various friends of Bihar who came to knoweach other via various online yahoo-groups / mailing lists, events, causes, alumni groups, social and professionalnetworks and projects. It was also inspired by world class social organizations like Wikipedia, Asia Society,Ashoka.org, AIF, ...What will Bihar Society do ?Become an agent, instrument and platform of Soical-cultural-scientific economic change agents with stake inBihar. We will connect ideas,people,money and other resources to each other. We will have city and countryspecific chapters besides working groups in areas of Education, Healthcare, Agriculture, Water, Energy,Governance, Industry, Art & Culture etc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  7. 7. How to connect the fellow Biharis :Please join us on Facebook:1. Facebook Bihar Communityhttp://www.facebook.com/home.php?sk=group_153744714660549&ap=12. Bihar Society Org on Facebook- http://www.facebook.com/biharsociety3. Bihar Society on LinkedIn http://www.linkedin.com/groups?mostPopular=&gid=36628&trk=myg_ugrp_ovrWant to contribute to this magazinePlease send your artcile to the Editor: Santosh Pandey – email santoshpandeyca@gmail.comWant to advertise in this magazinePlease send your advertisement to the Editor : Santosh Pandey – email santoshpandeyca@gmail.comEditorial BoardEditor in Chief - Santosh Pandey ( email: santoshpandeyca@gmail.com ) Blog: http://santosh-pandey.blogspot.com/Executive Editor - Atul Kumar (email: atultech@gmail.com ) Blog: http://atultech.blogspot.com/Consulting Editor - Thakur Vikash Sinha (email: tvsinha@gmail.com )Consulting Editor - Mayank Krishna (email: mayank.krishna@gmail.com)Consulting Editor - Manoj Pandey ( email: manojpandeycma@gmail.com )Consulting Editor - Sarvesh Upadhyay ( email: sarveshk@gmail.com )Consulting Editor - Anirudh Kumar ( email anirudhhcl@gmail.com )Consulting Tech Editor - Samir Mishra (email: samirmishra@gmail.com )Design & Creative Editor - Sanjay Prasad ( email: prasadcom2@gmail.com ) Blog: http://www.freewebs.com/sanjayprasad/Associate Editor - Bhartendu Kumar Das ( email: bhartendu_351@rediffmail.com )Associate Editor - Vivek Kumar (email: vivek.learner@gmail.com ) Blog: http://visionvivek.blogspot.com/Associate Editor - Ankit Kumar (email: ankit4jec@gmail.com ),Editor - Ajit Chouhan (email: ajitchouhan@gmail.com ) Blog: http://coolbihari.blogspot.com/,Editor Prashant Kumar ( email zimbo77@gmail.com )Consulting Guest Editor - Mrunalini Chembrolu (email: mrunalini@gmail.com ) This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  8. 8. Dasrath Manjhi - A symbol of Bihari resilience the town through his path. It was return empty handed. She could true that he had taken up this neither fetch water for him to Herculean task by seeing the quench his thirst, nor could she shadow of helplessness on his dear save the pot itself. He saw the grief wifes face, but then wasnt he and helplessness on his wifes face. already feeling impatient at the Guilt ridden helplessness was sufferings of his people? The path streaming out in the form of tears had to be made and he had made it. from her eyes. This image got He jolted himself to return to the etched on his mental screen. real world from his dream world and started to walk to the point where Dashrath Manjhi started toHis eyes were moist with contemplate: My god this hill is he had started his chiseling. His joyenchantment as he stood there standing like a mountain in the knew no bounds as he traversedwatching the road through the pass path of my people for generations. through the rocky path that he hadwithout batting his eyelid. Today his This is coming in the way between created alone. This great soul wasresolve had borne fruit. His resolve our thirst and water. It has to be Dasrath Manjhi, a resident of the 25could only be compared with that of removed. He kept thinking for days house hamlet of Gehlaur in the Gayathe legendary Bhagirath who on end. His manliness got aroused district of Bihar. His is a name in thechiseled the mighty Himalayas to and one day he decided to cut it tradition of the great saint Kabirbring the holy Ganges to earth. Then out of the way. He took a vow that who was also illiterate likehe looked at his palms and started he would not sit idle till he had cut Dasrath Manjhi and had a greatto ruminate. For the last twenty two a path through the mountain. He desire to break the shackles ofyears, he had been chiseling away at took the chisel and the hammer in sufferings for the masses.the mountain single-handedly and his hand and started his expedition.today his effort had borne fruit. One day a thirsty Manjhi was And thus started the resolve toThen in a flash his tears of happiness impatiently waiting for his wife to capture the mountain – thebecame those of sorrow and started fetch him water from the other mountain of Gilhaur in Gayato fall on the rocks in a stream. His side of the mountain. The district. Some people wouldmood turned somber as he unforgiving summer of Gaya had ridicule him. Some would look withremembered his departed wife. It parched his throat dry as the sun utter amazement at his gargantuanwas her suffering that had made beat down mercilessly and he effort to chisel the mountain away.him take this seemingly impossible anxiously waited for her to fetch But he was not concerned by eithertask of creating a path through the the life giving water. She had taken praise or ridicule. He just kept atmountain all by him. It was she who longer than usual. Then he saw the his work chiseling the mountainwas his inspiration for achieving the silhouette of his wife in the alone. He even shifted his hut nearimpossible task. Alas she had passed distance, coming back empty the mountain so that he need notaway before the task could be handed. He asked in a tone of waste his time in moving back andcompleted. Perhaps this is what HE hopelessness mixed with surprise forth.had willed. "Why are you coming back empty handed? What happened to the After twenty two long years ofThen the stream of tears came to an unbroken effort, he had managed earthen vessel?"abrupt halt. The weight of sorrow to dig a pathway – fifteen to Wife could barely control herself ason his heart lifted slowly and he twenty feet broad and an amazing she replied with sorrow written allstarted to smile to himself. So what three hundred and sixty feet long. over her face that she could notif his wife was not there to savour And this path would reduce the fetch water for him as she slippedthis moment. His village folks would distance with the nearest town by and fell down. In the process, thenow traverse 80 km less to reach 80 kilometers. The villagers would earthen pot broke and she had to This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  9. 9. not have to go around the five acre plot. When he met the fighting cancer. He passed away onmountain to reach Wazirgunj again. Chief Minister of the state August 18 at the age of 80 years. He was given a state burial by theThis is not the only instance of the Mr. Nitish Kumar, Nitish felt so Government of Bihar.steely resolve of Dasrath Manjhi. overwhelmed that he got up fromHe once decided to go to Delhi. He his chair and asked Dasrath Manjhi This article was originally writtendid not have enough money to to sit there. As the old saying goes, by Udai Narayan Choudhury, inundertake the journey. So he a man is known by his deed. Indeed Hindi the then speaker of Bihardecided to walk all the way, a the illiterate Dalit from Gilhaur has assembly and was published in thedistance of over one thousand shown his sublime character by his book “Gauravshali Bihar” releasedkilometers! During this unique steely resolve and his by ONE BIHAR. English translationjourney, he took the signature of determination to bring is done by TV Sinha. (TV Sinha is athe station masters of the railway development to his impoverished senior executive with a softwarestations along the way in his diary. people. The district administration company and based in Mumbai, heThis man of single minded honored him with a special award. can be can be reached atdetermination wished to have a tvsinha@gmail.com)hospital opened at his village on a Post script: The last few days of Dasrath Manjhi was spent This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  10. 10. Right to education Section 3(2): Is any fee (or any social and demographic aspects of other expenses) being charged by an area like how far some the schools from students? Are conservative families will send their disabled students treated like the girls for education.) other students? What are the various forms of discriminations Section 7(6): What is the national curriculum that the central against them? government has formed is it being Section 4: Is appropriate training used/implemented/duplicated in being provided to students who are the state as well? inducted for the first time in a class based on their age? What is the (The need for education in local quality of the training and how is it languages has been said again and conducted and evaluated? Is again. Assessing the need andThe first task has to spread possibility for the same and also education being provided to thoseawareness about the legislature finding local/national players that children who are more than 14amongst following stakeholders can help with this) years of age and have nota. Schools – Government and completed elementary education? private (This might not be in place rightb. Parents and Students now, so the focus will also be onc. Local authorities: enforcing and evaluating the plans that the implementing educational institutions have ond. State government implementing it. Also, thee. Central government associated NGOs which have beenf. Teachers already working in this area needsg. NGOs to be assessed to find out their planh. Allied agencies of action to help implement this.)Following is the list of highlighted Section 5: Is speedy transfer ofsections from the legislation and child from one school to anotherwhat are the questions that we being done properly or not? What What are the standards that areneed to answer while evaluating are the problems children facing formed for the training ofand assessing the implementation due to formalities like transfer teachers? What is the enforcingof RTE: certificates? mechanism for the same? Are theSection 1(2): Has RTE been teachers’ trainers following these Section 6: What is the spread ofimplemented all across in Bihar? standards or not? the schools? Are local authorities(Considering that we are taking setting up schools in the region (Need to assess the teacherBihar as our population and a with a target of 3 years in training modules at all levels.smaller set of districts inside Bihar mind?(Definition of a neighborhood Creating an assessment module,as the sample set for our study) school would change for different specifically for teachers, to gauge terrains. E.g. in hills, this need to be their knowledge/skill andSection 3(1): Percentage of seen according to the difficulties motivation levels. After assessmentcoverage of children in the defined the students face in reaching their is completed creating trainingage bracket in the defined area? destinations. Also, assessing the This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  11. 11. ` modules in coordination with (Major focus for this will be private the activities and meetings of thegovernment authorities like DIET to schools in cities and towns. The school management committee.)create robust and state specific intent behind this is ensuring thatteacher training module.) no one is denied quality education Section 23: Conformance to because of lack of financial support minimum qualification?What are the technical support and and also ensuring no financialresources provided by the Section 25: What is the teacher- bullying by schools. This would pupil ratio? What was it last year?government for promoting require assistance with NGOsinnovations, research, planning and working in cities/towns on (Historical data analysis to be donecapacity building? education and RTI) for the same. This would alsoSection 8: What are the include assessment of single Does quality of education meet the teacher teaching multiple classesenrollment, attendance and norms specified in schedule? and its impact)completion rates? Section 12: Reimbursement to What are the other non-(This will require partnering with private school againstPratham (ASER department) for educational works that the teacher reservations? is involved in? Who would do themmost of this information. Also doingsome primary surveying in the field Section 13: Capitation fees and if the teacher doesn’t?for the same) Screening processes. Is punishment Section 29: How the curriculum is against contraventions enforced? being set, is the agency taking careIs there discrimination against thechildren belonging to weaker of all the mentioned points in thesections or disadvantages group? section. If yes, how? If no, why? Section 14: Are children deniedWhat is the status of infrastructure admission due to lack of Section 30: Are there board examsin the terms of availability of documentation? in the state board or school?essentials like rooms, power, Certificate of elementarytoilets, TLM, mid-day meals, Section 15: Is admission allowed education?(Schools like DAV haveteaching staff etc. during any time of the year? national level board exams in class eight, which is prohibited now.)(This will require partnering with Section 16: The law prevents school to fail or expel a student. © Kumar Ankit – Kumar Ankit isPratham (ASER department) formost of this information. Also doing What changes schools are making currently studying at XLRIsome primary surveying in the field in their evaluation system to Jamshedpur and is founder & integrate this scheme in their Executive Director at Green Leaffor the same) system? Energy Private Limited a startupHow the selection and admission company in the area of renewablebeing done and is it confirming to Section 21: Has the school formed and green power. He can beprescribed standards? school management committee? contacted at ankit4jec@gmail.com What is the composition for the same? What are its functions and how is it documented? (This would again need assistance of the local NGOs and local authorities for a regular vigil. In spite of just creating a rule, It can be made binding on the schools to submit monthly information about
  12. 12. `Shivnath Singh: the greatest among the Indian athletes remarkable 11th in a very strong Gold medal winner in Rome (1960) line up and in an Olympic Game and Tokyo (1964) Olympics, also which was not marred by any ran marathon barefoot in Rome major boycotts. Remarkably, he ran Olympics. Bikilas winning time this most enduring race (42.195 2:15:16 was a World Record and km) for the first time only in the still it is the second fastest barefoot trial of Montreal Olympics. India marathon. The world record for the Today, in its obituary to the great fastest barefoot marathon runner, wrote “He finished 11th in (2:12:00) is held by this humble the Montreal Olympics in a race Bihari, Naib-Subedar of Indian that included Lasse Viren and Frank Army from Buxar, Shivnath Singh. Shorter. Indian athletics would give its limbs for a performance of the The great athlete died at the age ofIf achievement lies in being the same kind today.” 57 years in Jamshedpur on June 6,best, greatness is acquired by 2003. One of his fellow athletes,remaining the best. However, true For a better perspective, it may be while recollecting the kind soul,greatness is bestowed on those mentioned that post Shivnath said: “This generous athlete onceselected few who remain the best Singh, no other Indian athlete has divided the Rs.10,000 he receivedforever. There has been no other even qualified for the main event from the Bihar government for hisIndian athlete whose record of Marathon in the Olympics till achievements among his team-remained unsurpassed for more date. Later in Jalandhar in 1978 mates. He handed over half thethan three decades now except Shivnath clocked 2:12:00, a most amount to colleague Satpal Singh,Shivnath Singh’s national record in significant national record which who had finished second in aMarathon made in 1978. still stands intact. marathon,” He remains the only recipient of Presidents VisheshBorn on July 11, 1946 in the The most noteworthy thing about Seva Medal among athletes ofManjaria village of Buxar district of Shivnath Singh’s running was that Jharkhand and Bihar.Bihar, Shivnath Singh joined army he ran barefoot. Barefoot running,at an early age where he developed even long distance, is not Written by --- Bhartendu Kumara liking for long distance running, uncommon particularly among Dasparticularly 5000 meter and 10000 amateurs. However, at such highmeter. A gold medalist in 5000 competition level, Shivnath Singh (Bhartendu works for Reserve Bankmeter in Tehran Asiad (1974) and was the only athlete with such of India and can be reached atrecipient of Arjuna Award same preference. It may be mentioned bhartendu_351@rediffmail.com ).year, the best in Shivnath was, here that the greatest everhowever, to be seen in the longer marathon runner of the world,version of race, i.e., Marathon, two Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia, two timesyears later where he came a
  13. 13. Nalanda and the pursuit of science answer if we are looking for a chairing its interim governing body, university in continuous existence. I am finding out how hard it is to re-establish a university after an Nalanda was violently destroyed in 800 year hiatus. But we are getting an Afghan attack, led by the there. This meeting here gives me ruthless conqueror, Bakhtiyar Khilji, an opportunity to recollect the in 1193, shortly after the beginning pursuit of science in old Nalanda of Oxford University and shortly which will inspire and guide our before the initiation of Cambridge. long-run efforts in new Nalanda. I Nalanda university, an say long run, because mainly for internationally renowned centre of cost reasons — indeed entirely for higher education in India, which cost reasons — we cannot start the ‘Nalanda stood for the passion of was established in the early fifth science faculties immediatelypropagating knowledge, century, was ending its continuous (physical and biological sciencesunderstanding. Amartya Sens existence of more than seven cost much more money than thekeynote address at the 98th Indian hundred years as Oxford and humanities and the social sciencesScience Congress in Chennai on Cambridge were being founded, do). The recollection — and moreJanuary 4. and even compared with the oldest challengingly, assessment — of the European university, Bologna, scientific tradition in old NalandaThe subject of this talk is Nalanda Nalanda was more than six are important right now, partlyand the pursuit of science, but hundred years old, when Bologna because we have to start thinkingbefore I go into that rather was born. Had it not been about the long run (even as we trycomplex issue, I must say destroyed and had it managed to to raise money for initiation andsomething about Nalanda itself, survive to our time, Nalanda would expansion), but also because asince it is still an obscure entity for be, by a long margin, the oldest scientific attitude and disciplinedmost people in the world. Since the university in the world. Another thought are important for theuniversity is being, right now, re- distinguished university, which did entire conception of new Nalanda,established under a joint Asian not stay in existence continuously including the teaching of — andinitiative, the fact that Nalanda was either, viz. Al-Azhar University in research in — humanities (such asa very ancient university is Cairo, with which Nalanda is often history, languages and linguistics,becoming better known. But how compared, was established at a and comparative religion), as welldoes it compare with other old time, 970 AD, when Nalanda was as the social sciences and the worlduniversities in the world? already more than five hundred of practice (such as international years old. relations, management andWell, what is the oldest university development, and informationin the world? In answering this That is enough vaunting of age (as technology). Let me identify a fewquestion, ones mind turns to you know, in India we take age questions about the pursuit ofBologna, initiated in 1088, to Paris quite seriously), and I hope you science in Nalanda. First, was thein 1091, and to other old citadels of have got the point: we are talking old Nalanda sufficiently large to belearning, including of course Oxford about the oldest university in the a factor in whatever pursuit itUniversity which was established in world by a long margin, that is, if might have been championing?1167, and Cambridge in 1209. we do not insist on continuous Was it not merely a drop in anWhere does Nalanda fit into this existence. The university is being ocean of superstition andpicture? “Nowhere” is the short re-started right now, and since I ignorance that some people see as happen to have the difficult task of the characteristic feature of the This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  14. 14. Indian old world: you only have to Indeed, Xuangzang wrote about Nalanda, but as a way ofread James Mills “History of India,” them too, even though he himself understanding better the Buddhistwhich was obligatory reading for all studied in Nalanda. There was a intellectual impact. One of theBritish civil servants sent off to run larger social culture to which connections on which evidence ofthe Raj, to see how firm and Nalanda belonged, and this is intellectual connections betweenpolitically important this important to recollect in thinking China and India is plentiful is theconception of the past was in about the tradition of Nalanda. impact of Buddhists in general, andkeeping modern India in check. of adherents of Tantric Buddhism in particular, on ChineseWell, Nalanda was an old centre of mathematics and astronomy in thelearning that attracted students seventh and eighth centuries, infrom many countries in the world, the Tang period. Yi Jing, who was aparticularly China and Tibet, Korea student of Nalanda, and to whom Iand Japan, and the rest of Asia, but referred earlier, was one of manya few also from as far in the west translators of Tantric texts fromas Turkey. Nalanda, a residential Sanskrit into Chinese. Tantrismuniversity, had at its peak 10,000 became a major force in China instudents, studying various subjects. The second question to ask is the the seventh and eighth centuries,Chinese students in particular, such difficult one about the room for and had followers among Chineseas Xuanzang and Yi Jing in the science in what was after all a intellectuals of the highestseventh century, wrote extensively religious institution. Nalanda was aon what they saw and what they Buddhist foundation, as were standing. Since many Tantricparticularly admired about the Vikramshila and Odantapuri, and scholars had a deep interest ineducational standards in Nalanda. surely the central focus of these mathematics (perhaps connected,Incidentally, Nalanda is the only institutions were studies of at least initially, with Tantricnon-Chinese institution in which Buddhist philosophy and practice. fascination with numbers), Tantricany Chinese scholar was educated The point to remember here is that mathematicians had a significantin the history of ancient China. by the nature of the philosophy of influence on Chinese mathematics Buddha, whose focus of preaching as well. was on enlightenment (the name given to Gautama, viz Buddha, Indeed, as Joseph Needham notes, itself means “enlightened”), there “the most important Tantrist was I- was a basic epistemic and ethical Hsing (+672 to +717), the greatest curiosity in the tradition of Chinese astronomer and intellectual Buddhism that sought mathematician of his time.” knowledge in many different fields. Needham goes on to remark that Some of the fields were directly “this fact alone should give us related to Buddhist commitments, pause, since it offers a clue to theIt is also important to recognize such as medicine and healthcare; possible significance of this form ofthat while Nalanda was very others went with the development Buddhism for all kinds ofspecial, it was still a part of a larger and dissemination of Buddhist observational and experimentaltradition of organised higher culture, such as architecture and sciences.” Yi Xing (or I-Hsing, to useeducation that developed in that sculpture; and still others linked Needhams spelling), who was inperiod in India — in Bihar in Buddhist intellectual queries with fact never a student of Nalanda,particular. In addition to Nalanda, interest in analytical discipline. but belonged to a tradition ofthere were in the vicinity other which Nalanda was one of thesuch institutions, such as Let me comment briefly on the last results, was fluent in Sanskrit. (IVikramshila and Odantapuri. — not specifically with reference to request the audience to be careful This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  15. 15. of the distinction between Yi Xing, impact on the Arab world (with universities in the world — thatthe mathematician, and Yi Jing, the widely used Arabic translations of produced Galileo Galilei. (I was,intellectual trained in Nalanda, who the works of Aryabhata, incidentally amused when, whilewas, among other things, Varahamihira, Brahmagupta and receiving an honorary doctorate atinterested in medicine.) As a others), which would later Padua, I heard Paul Ricoeur,Buddhist monk, Yi Xing was familiar influence European mathematics as another recipient, chastising thewith the Indian religious literature, well, through the Arabs (Gherardo University of Padua for notbut he had acquired a great of Cremona would make the first standing up sufficiently for Galileo.expertise also on Indian writings on Latin translation of Arab Ricoeurs arguments weremathematics and astronomy. mathematical texts that reported impeccable, though it seemed aDespite his own religious on Indian work in 1150, just before little unfair to blame the currentconnection, it would be a mistake the time when Nalanda would Rector of Padua for Paduas lack ofto assume that Yi Xings come to its sudden end). support for Galileo.) To whatmathematical or scientific work extent such conflict arose inwas somehow motivated by It is this general intellectual Nalanda, I do not know, but asreligious concerns. As a general animation, including animation in more documents come to light, wemathematician who happened to analytical and scientific questions, may well find out whether therebe also a Tantrist, Yi Xing dealt with that we have to appreciate in were tensions in the relationa variety of analytical and interpreting what was going on in between science and religion incomputational problems, many of old Nalanda. I take the liberty of Nalanda. What is, however,which had no particular connection mentioning here that it is not, of absolutely clear is that thiswith Tantrism or Buddhism at all. course, unique to Nalanda that as a Buddhist foundation made muchThe combinatorial problems religious foundation, it room for the pursuit of analyticaltackled by Yi Xing included such nevertheless pursued general and scientific subjects within theclassic ones as “calculating the intellectual and scientific studies campus of Nalanda University.total number of possible situations the products of which were ofin chess.” Yi Xing was particularly great interest also to people who A third question concerns theconcerned with calendrical were not religious, or did not share subjects that were actually taughtcalculations, and even constructed, the religion of the foundations in Nalanda. Here we do have aon imperial order, a new calendar involved. Isaac Newton was problem, since the documents infor China. religious — indeed very mystically Nalanda were indiscriminatingly oriented — and while he burnt by Bakhtiyar and hisCalendrical studies in which Indian revolutionized the nature of conquering army. We have to relyastronomers located in China in the physics, mathematics and optics, therefore of the accounts ofeighth century, along with Yi Xing, he had no problem with his (and, students of Nalanda who wrotewere particularly involved, made as it happens, mine and Venky about what they had seen, andgood use of the progress of Ramakrishna’s) colleges (that is given the reticence of Indians totrigonometry that had already Trinitys) the-then religiosity, and write about history (a subject ofoccurred in India by then (going did not raise the kind of questions interest in itself), we have to relymuch beyond the original Greek about compatibility that some later mostly on the accounts of outsidersroots of Indian trigonometry). The Trinity-men, like Henry Sidgwick, who did not share that reticence,movement east of Indian would with powerful arguments. such as Xuangzang and Yi Jing. Wetrigonometry to China was a part of The mixture of religion and science do know that among the subjectsa global exchange of ideas that also was by no means unique to taught, and on which there was on-went West around that time. Nalanda, and to illustrate with going research, were medicine,Indeed, this was another example, it was the public health, architecture,also about the time when Indian Christian university of Padua — one sculpture, and astronomy, intrigonometry was having a major of the earliest of the extant addition to religion, history, law This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  16. 16. and linguistics. Nalanda, such as Yi to rest among the cloudy fog high into the scientific connections ofJing and Xuangzang, were not up, and provided an eye-catching Nalanda.involved in mathematical studies. sight in the Nalanda campus. InThose in China who were deeply that period the progresses in Indian The final remark concerns theinvolved in Indian mathematics, and Chinese astronomy were passion for propagating knowledgesuch as Yi Xing, did not train in closely linked with developments and understanding that NalandaNalanda. There may have been with mathematics, particularly stood for. This was one reason forothers, in India or China or trigonometry. Indeed, all the Indian its keenness to accept studentselsewhere, from Nalanda who were experts that the Chinese brought to from abroad. Xuangzang as well asinvolved in mathematics (a subject China for astronomical work were Yi Jing mentions the warmthat was flourishing in India in this mathematicians (one of these welcome they received as theyperiod) and whose documents Indian mathematicians became the arrived in Nalanda from China.have been lost. However, we do Director of the official Board ofknow, from Indian accounts, that Astronomy of China in the 8th Indeed, Xuangzang used thislogic was a subject that was taught century). We do not know enough commitment in an argument within Nalanda, and my guess is that about the ancestry of the Indian the faculty in Nalanda when he waseventually evidence would emerge mathematicians who went to China asked — and pressed — to stay onon this part of the curriculum in to decide whether any of them had as a faculty member in Nalanda,Nalanda as well. Nalanda connections, but we do after he had completed his studies. know that from early fifth century He mentioned his commitment, Kusumpur, in nearby Pataliputra and here he invoked Buddha (Patna), was the place where the himself, to spread enlightenment mathematicians doing front-line “to all lands.” He asked the innovative work on the subject rhetorical question: “Who would were congregating. wish to enjoy it alone, and to forget those who are not yet I end with two final remarks. The enlightened?” If the seeking of first one concerns an aspect of the evidence and vindication by critical intellectual life of Nalanda that arguments is part of the tradition emerges powerfully from the of science, so is the commitment to accounts we do actually have about move knowledge and Nalanda from Chinese as well as understanding beyond locality. Indian scholars. The faculty and the Science has to fight parochialism, students in Nalanda loved to argue, and Nalanda was firmly committed and very often held argumentative to just that.(Xuangzang, a Tang dynasty famous encounters. I have discussedChinese Buddhist monk who visited elsewhere how deep this (Dr. Amartya Sen, who won theNalanda) argumentativeness is in Indian Nobel Prize in Economics in 1998 intellectual history, but I want to and was awarded the Bharat RatnaWhat about mathematics? As it add here that it is a part of the in 1999, is Professor of Economicshappens the Chinese chroniclers scientific tradition as well, to seek and Philosophy at Harvardfrom Further indirect evidence in arguments and defences, refusing University in the U.S. and chairmanthe direction of the presence of to accept positions and claims on of the Interim Governing Board ofmathematics in Nalanda curriculum grounds of faith. There were plenty Nalanda University)was the inclusion of astronomy inNalanda. Xuangzang comments on of organised argumentativethat, and refers elegantly to the matches going on in Nalanda, andobservational tower that seemed this too fits, in a very general way, This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  17. 17. Education sectorEducation sector is one of the most read, class 8 students are unable to and because of the humiliationneglected sectors in the economy. do simple arithmetic. kid’s dropout.In 1950’s when education sector d) Syllabi: The syllabus is nothad an 8% share in the budget, and relevant for kids in primarythe government promised to schools.provide free and compulsory e)Lack of books in local language.education to all children, literacy f) Most of the school buildings arerate was a meager 15%. used for non-school purposes inSubsequently over the years, the % villages.share of education sector has There are many more problems,reduced to an abysmal 2.7% in the which can be listed down. But ascurrent budget plan outlay. Though we can see in the above problems,overall literacy rate has increased there is a huge gap. Now the gap So we come to analyze why Indiato 65%, there is a lot to be desired. provides opportunity for has not able to provide goodThere is huge disparity among entrepreneurs to fill the gap. quality education to its children.literacy levels for men (75%) and There are many problems and a) RTE provides great opportunitywomen (52%). causes, which have led to the for private entrepreneurs to abysmal situation. Some of the work in PPP model with the prominent ones are listed as government to implement RTE. follows: Government allocates very They can work to set up new less % of budget to education, and schools, construct school the amount allocated is skewed buildings, revive old schools, and towards higher education. Rural provide basic amenities. schools and education gets a b)The mid-day meal scheme also meager 26%, and the rest 74% is provides opportunity for for urban and development of entrepreneurs to work in PPPOver the years there have been higher education. model with the government toseveral government schemes and implement the schemes. a) Lack of infrastructure and basicplans in the form of National c) Entrepreneurs can also look in to amenities in schools. Most of theLiteracy Mission, Sarva Siksha work in syllabi development, schools don’t have requisiteAbhyan, and now finally we have teaching methodology with more teaching aids, lack basicthe Right to Education Act. But focus towards vocational infrastructure in the form ofsomehow all these schemes have learning, teaching aids as per school building. Most of thefailed to reach their objective. local needs. schools don’t have toilets.Several NGO’s have also come © Kumar Ankit b) Teachers: They are in shortforward to the cause with some of supply, not given proper salary, (Kumar Ankit is currently studyingthe prominent names as Pratham, most of them are not serious at XLRI Jamshedpur and is foundercampaigns like Teach India. But as about teaching, and remain & Executive Director at Green Leafvery rightly quoted, “India is a absent from schools. Energy Private Limited a startupcountry of big problems, so we c) Caste system: It leads to huge company in the area of renewableneed big solutions as well”. It is disparity and humiliation for the and green power energy. He can beeven more revealing that even the so-called untouchables, and they contacted at ankit4jec@gmail.comchildren who are enrolled and constitute 16% of our population, )studying in class 5 are unable to This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  18. 18. Babu Kunwar SinghKunwar Singh epitomises not only royal race). His ancestors belong to In his last battle, fought on April 23,the spirit of liberty but also great Raja Vikramadity, Raja Bhoj 1858, near Jagdishpur, the troopsunparalleled courage and the will of malwa. under the control of the East Indiato resist injustice at all costs and Company were completely routed.under any circumstances. He Babu Kunwar Singh was nearly While crossing the Ganges on wayplayed a major role in the First eighty and in failing health when he to his ancestral seat at Jagdishpur, was called upon to take up arms. Babu Kunwar Singh was woundedWar of Independence of 1857. The great warrior that he was, he in the arm. Undaunted, Babu gave a good fight and harried Kunwar Singh severed the injured British forces for nearly a year and limb and flung it into the river remained invincible till the end. Ganges as is was his last offering to Kunwar Singh assumed command the Ganges. Soon after, he of the soldiers who had revolted completely routed the British at Danapur on July 5, Two days forces in the battle on 23 April later he occupied Arrah, the district 1858 and died the next day (24 headquarters. Major Vincent Eyre April 1858). relieved the town on August 3, defeated Kunwar Singhs force and To honour his memory and his(A stamp issued by government of destroyed Jagdishpur. Kunwar contribution to India’s freedomIndia) Singh left his ancestral village and movement, the Republic ofBabu Veer Kunwar Singh (1777– reached Lucknow in December India issued a commemorative1858), one of the leaders of 1857. In March 1858 he stamp on 23 April 1966. Veerthe Indian rising of 1857belonged occupied Azamgarh. However, he Kunwar Singh University namedto a royal PARMAR Kshatriya had to leave the place soon. after him, was established(Rajput) house of Jagdishpur, Pursued by Brigadier Douglas, he by Government of Bihar nearcurrently a part of Bhojpur retreated towards his home his birth place. The ICSE board hasdistrict, Bihar state, India. At the in Bihar. On April 23, Kunwar Singh in its Hindi text-book (Ekankiage of 80 years, during India’s First had a victory near Jagdishpur over Suman) a play (by the name ofWar of Independence (1857), he the force led by Captain Le Grand, Vijay Ki Bela, (literally: Moment ofactively led a select band of armed 26 April 1858 he died in his village. Victory) on the later part of Kunwarsoldiers against the troops under The mantle of the old chief now fell Singhs life, starting from the timethe command of the East India on his brother Amar Singh who, he was crossing the Ganges andCompany, and also recorded despite heavy odds, continued the finishing with his death,victories in many battles. struggle and for a considerable Contributed by Santosh Pandey time ran a parallel government inKunwar Singh, king of Jagdishpur, (Santosh is a Chartered Accountant the district of Shahabad. In Octoberwas born in 1777, Jagdishpur, and currently lives in Czech 1859, Amar Singh joined the rebelnear Arrah in the state of Bihar. He Republic and can be reached at leaders in the Nepal Terai.belongs to Panwar/Parmar (gurjar santoshpandeyca@gmail.com ) This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  19. 19. Empowering Bihar through renewable energyFor a State growing at around 10% districts.Bihar continues to suffer energy for the community viaper annum, Bihar’s power due to Power deficiency; one of the utilization of locally availablerequirement is expected to be biggest challenges lies in the area lie resources. Successful case studiesaround 8000 mega watts in the in of distribution and coverage. Last of the DRE model titlednext 5 years. Bihar has a power mile connectivity issues, “Empowering Bihar showcases the Empowering Bihar”generation capacity of 584MW maintenance and collection are success story of Rice Husk Powercompared with a demand of other areas which also needs System & Tripolia Hospital Solararound 2500MW. The deficit is special attention. Greenpreace Research center.made up by accessing the central recently ran campaign in the statepool quota of 1,200MW, of which to create awareness for developing Currently Bihar Government doesthe supply is around 700MW. As a models for renewable energy and support schemes for bio bio-gasresult, frequent and prolonged developing local self sustaining development, SPV systems ofpower outages are common across models of power generations to Lanterns/Home lightingthe state. fuel the growth and growing need systems/street lighting systems, of power in rural Bihar. and wind mills. Bihar Government policy on private sector Central Allocation Thermal Power Plants Its public manifesto to make Bihar participation for develo developing non Gydel Orhers 3% power self sufficient has the idea of conventional energy sources is Decentralized Renewable Energy available on 36% (DRE) model works on the principle http://www.bshpcltd.com/policy.ht 61% of producing electricity through m renewable energy near the source of use or consumption. For Given the unique growth trajectory example, a village which receives and need for power, it would be a abundant sunshine throughout the abun great opportunity for private year and has surplus biomass could players to get asso associated with this become self-sufficient in energy by self exciting journey of empoweringIn recent times, State has approved producing power through a Bihar.many power projects and also combination of renewable energyworked towards increasing the technologies such as solar energy Contributed by Ajit Chouhan. (Ajit Choproduction capacity of existing and/or biomass and manage the is an Alumni of XLRI Jamshedpurplants. Bihar is to set up three new system locally. and currently works as HR BUthermal power plants to generate partner in one of India’s leading IT3,960 MW of energy. The plants, of The model ensures company. He can be reached at1,320 MW each, will be set up at democratization of the process of ajitchouhan@gmail.com )Kajra in Lakhisarai, Piparpainti in power production and securesBhagalpur and Chusa in Buxar access to reliable and quality
  20. 20. Bhojpuri Cinema’ a declining phase for lack of patronage. started leaving the state. These was the class that would watch were the people who would films just to forget their sorrow and otherwise patronize good cinema not because they wanted to watch in Bhojpuri. The image of Bihar kept a film-maker’s perspective on a on deteriorating and Biharis living social issue inflicting the society. in other states would feel ashamed Non-serious movies were still being of declaring that they are from made in Hindi, but they went out of Bihar. Then not only those who reach of this class due to lived in other states but also those emergence of multiplexes and who lived in Bihar stopped talking disappearance of the low-cost in Bhojpuri. Speaking in Bhojpuri in theaters. a public place was somehowAs far as I know, unlike Bengali considered to be below standard.cinema, Tamil cinema, Malayalam People almost disowned thecinema etc. there was nothing language to the extent that theycalled Bhojpuri cinema in the first would not speak to their children inplace. There was no film making Bhojpuri. In private, they wouldculture in Bihar, there only were communicate in Hindi pepperedsporadic films in Bhojpuri that were with Bhojpuri words. And in public,made by producers from Bollywood the educated Biharis who livedwho came from eastern UP and The entrepreneur in Manoj Tiwari outside the state did everythingBihar. Ganga Maiya Tohe Piyari identified this class and started possible to hide their BihariChadhaibo, Laagi Nahin Chhoote making movies that suited their identity. We can’t blame themRaam, and Balam Pardesia are taste and pocket. The target though. All this happened becauseexamples of that. Later on too, audience started watching these Bihar had gradually come tosome decent films were made in movies and much more came. represent everything that an idealBihar like Dulha Ganga Par Ke and Manoj Tiwari never made these society should not be.Ganga Kinare Mora Gaon and they movies for PLU (people like us).So, The great migration started. Thosedid good business. it is clear that quality Bhojpuri who couldn’t leave Bihar out of cinema went through a declining compulsion were the poor who had phase for lack of patronage. no resources to move out, the Bihar Government employees, and those who could not leave their land unattended for fear of illegal capture by local politicians or their goons. Anyone who could send their children out of the state for education/job, sent them. Then came the era of downfall of So, there was hardly anybody left inBihar. And I think the downfall of Bihar or outside Bihar to patronizeBhojpuri cinema has a lot to do Bhojpuri cinema. The only peoplewith the downfall in the image and who were still speaking to theircontent of Bihar. Politics, education children in Bhojpuri were thoseand employment sector in Bihar from the lower strata of the societystarted deteriorating and people – the poor, the uneducated. This This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  21. 21. What is the way forward? watched. If it has a strong script to But good films will not come up just hold audiences from the beginning because there are good intentions.We need not worry about ‘Panditji to the end, it WILL be watched. If Something more is required toBatain na Biyah kab hoi’ kind of patterns and treatments are not sustain this trend. One Nitinmovies at all. They are meant for a repeated, it WILL be watched and Chandra is not enough. We needspecific audience and such an liked. Even in languages such as more professionals from Bihar asaudience does and will always exist Hindi, Bengali or Tamil, quality Film makers. The current filmin any society; so there will also cinema is in short supply. Bhojpuri makers in Bhojpuri Cinema are notexist film-makers who will make also has the advantage of numbers. trained professionals, that’s whyfilms for them. Ab in filmon ka they pay attention to making cheapdusprabhav saare samaj par na movies.pade, iske liye humein apni lakeerko unki lakeer se lamba karnapadega.It cannot be denied that Culture &Art play an important role in thedevelopment of any society.Cinema too is an apt medium toeducate the society. A well-madeand forward-looking Bhojpuri filmwill not only regain the audiencethat it had lost over time but itwould also promote the Culture,Art & Music of Bihar outside thestate. Bihar will gain respectthrough its cinema. It will help According to a recent governmentattract tourists to the state of Bihar estimate, some 15 crore peoplewhich will generate employment speak Hindi and Bhojpuri in UP andfor thousands. But the question is Bihar. So, I can only hope that our Then, we also will need to improvehow do we sustain the culture of member Nitin Chandra’s work the insecure conditions of thequality-film making in Bhojpuri. ‘Deswa’ will mark cinema halls in the interiors of theOne thing is clear, corporatisation state which has also resulted in thewill not help. There is a difference the rebirth of good Bhojpuri decreasing rate of cine viewers. B-between our objective and their cinema, rather birth of Bhojpuri grade theatres can afford only B-objective. Through our films, we cinema that will establish itself over grade movies. Here, the govt.want to reconstruct the Bihari time as a genre. From whatever needs to pitch in by giving themsociety and promote Bihari art and little I have heard about the subject subsidies. It is the government’sculture, whereas all the investing it deals with, I hope it will taste responsibility to help in offeringcorporate would be interested in is decent success at the box office. low-cost entertainment (asrevenue. So that is out. The only Once that happens, more people opposed to cheap entertainment)answer lies in the theory of will be attracted to making quality to its people; a deluge of cheapdemand and supply. There is an cinema in Bhojpuri. And when films will only corrupt andunending appetite for good cinema people will have a choice of quality manipulate the youth who willin Bihari audiences. But there is no over quantity, they will go for the determine the future of the state.supply. So, if a good cinema in former. The government can also considerBhojpuri is supplied, it WILL be This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  22. 22. giving a tax holiday for the next five automatically result in production setting up a film city and a filmyears to films made in Bihar. This of good Bhojpuri cinema. training institute for Bhojpuriwill attract good filmmakers with Universities in Bihar too should movies near Sahjanwa town in themeager resources to making films offer subjects on film making, so district. Is it a signal for Biharon socio-political issues in Bhojpuri that the young generation can Tourism dept. to act fast?that, in turn, will create jobs for become interested in this art. I amlocals. sure if these measures are taken, Author: Rakesh Srivastava Bhojpuri cinema will evolve, sooner (Rakesh works for a leadingThe most important thing is that a rather than later. software consulting company inFilm Training Institute somewhere PS: Only last week, the UP tourism India and currently lives in Newnear Patna must be set up. This department has sent a proposal to Delhi. He can be reached atshould be followed by setting up of the CEO of Gorakhpur Industrial rakeshtcs@gmail.com)a film studio. It will launch a film- Development Authority (GIDA) tomaking culture in Bihar which will allocate 110 acres of land for This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  23. 23. Collaboration of “Deswa” and “Brand Bihar”The young film director and one of the members of with print of “DESWA” in the front and a famous “ Iour group Mr. Nitin Chandra whose first directorial AM BIHAR” slogan created by ONE BIHAR and inventure, a Bhojpuri feature film “DESWA” particular Mayank Krishna a team member of theproposed to launch the “DESWA” merchandize for ONE BIHARpromotion of the film. In this regard, Nitincontacted the team “ONE BIHAR” (ONE BIHAR is an Soon you will see a T-shirt launched by teamorganization of Biharis who are focused on many DESWA which will feature the Deswa photo (aboveBIHAR related non for profit projects through their left) on the front and I AM BIHAR poetry on thepersonal collaboration) to launch a joint T-Shirt back. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
  24. 24. Launch of Blissful Bihar Campaign- The Blissful Bihar desktop calendar for 2011On the eve of new year 2011, one of our members monthly calendar every month on our FacebookMr. Ajit Chouhan conceptualized designed and event page. This Calendar is free to circulate, canlaunched a one man branding exercise for Bihar. be printed & shared with anyone with due credits.Ajit designed a desktop calendar using 12 different to Mr. Ajit Chouhan.photographs of Bihar from his personal photocollection. The launch of this calendar was Campaign launched by by Ajit Ch Chouhanorganized as an event on Facebook (Ajit Chouhan is an Alumni of XLRI Jamshedpur andBlissful Bihar is an attempt to showcase Bihar’s rich currently works as HR BU partner in one of India’scultural & social legacy. Hopefully this calendar will leading IT company s. He can be reached atremind the world of its glorious past & promising st ajitchouhan@gmail.com)future that lies ahead. We will be releasing the
  25. 25. Development of SSI sector in BiharThere is lot of buzz about state the financing banks, it results in an estimated cost of Rs.450 croregovernment making efforts for reduction in transaction costs as for employment and revenuereopening of sugar mills and also well as mitigation of risk. Presently generation. The challenge howeveron various industrial projects there are 388 SME clusters in India remains in early execution of theincluding food processing units. identified by United Nations projects and building upon theHowever, for alleviation of poverty Industrial Development momentum so generated.and creating employment Organisation (UNIDO) out of whichopportunities, potential of small only three are located in Bihar i.e. There is a new interest beingindustries is yet to be assessed and Barauni for Engineering and shown by most of the big retailerstapped properly. The small scale Fabrication, Muzzafarpur for Food in resurgent Bihar recently. Apartindustries (SSI) and also small and products and Patna for Brass and from the above, opening up of FDImedium enterprises (SME) have German Silver utensils. It can be in retail is also on the cards whichhuge potential to tap local seen that cluster development has will ensure availability of high endentrepreneurial skills of remained largely underdeveloped marketing acumen and significantenterprising people. These sectors in Bihar and many traditional growth in the consumer spending.are labour intensive with high ratio business activities like Lac industry, State Government will do well toof labour to capital employed. Sericulture, leather, art develop the clusters of SSI/ SMESince they require a certain (Madhubani Painting), dairy etc. sectors that can be positioned indesired skill level, this results in have remained untapped. One can the supply chain of these big globalbetter wages to the poor also add Cinema, Education/ marketers. The preparedness inpopulation. In Bihar, 90% of GDP coaching, Textile, Fruits and this regard will help automaticcomes from agriculture and service Fisheries etc. in the potential list. linkage of these retail chains withsectors; therefore, the potential of The UNIDO Focal Point is currently the artisans/source and willmanufacturing sector remains based in New Delhi and is provide the SSI/ SME sectors aunutilised. There is a need to responsible for interacting with worldwide market and greatidentify local level initiatives and each cluster, assist the local actors employment opportunities.reaching out to them by providing in preparing and implementing Though the clusters may not haveall possible assistance with regard their action plans and linking them specific registered brands of theirto finance, marketing, with relevant institutions at the own, they can have hugeinfrastructure etc. regional, national and recognition value informally in the international level, monitoring wholesale market. We haveIt has been acknowledged by many local initiatives, and encouraging examples of hosiery of Ludhiana,expert groups/ committees that to exchange of experiences amongensure proper growth of SSI/ SME Sports goods of Jalandhar, different clusters. State matchsticks/ crackers of Shivkasi,sectors, a cluster based approach Government needs to work in co- locks of Aligarh, diamondis the most convenient and ordination with the UNIDO forpractical approach. A cluster is a processing of Surat etc. With identification and development of specific efforts by Stategroup of related manufacturing/ new clusters in various otherservice units located in a common Government and other agencies, geographical areas. One good our clusters can also make theirgeographical area. Identification of development in this regard is thatsuch clusters would result in better presence felt nationally and even recently the Associated Chambers internationally. NABARD and SIDBIbank-industry linkage as well as of Commerce and Industry in Indiabetter market access. If the have scope for providing market (Assocham) has proposed to exposure to artisans and theirclusters are provided appropriate partner Bihar government toimprovement in infrastructure, for develop 14 industrial clusters for This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.

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