WHAT IS BIO-PESTICIDE? A compound that kills organisms by virtue of specific biological effects rather than as a broader chemical poison Differ from biocontrol agents in being passive agents, whereas biocontrol agents actively seek the pest The rationale behind replacing conventional pesticides with bio-pesticides is that the latter are more likely to be selective and biodegradable (FAO, 2005)WHY BIO-PESTICIDES?Human and environmental safetyAlternatives to conventional pesticides: 25 million cases of acute occupational pesticide poisoning in developing countries each year (WHO, 1990) 14% of all known occupational injuries and 10% of all fatal injuries are caused by pesticides (ILO, 1996) Obsolete pesticides stored in developing countries - 20,000 tonnes in Africa aloneAmenable to small-scale, local production in developing countriesAddress increased public awareness of environmental and food safetyFundamental component of Integrated Pest Management Natural enemies protected Controls pests resistant to conventional pesticidesProducts available in small, niche markets that are typically unaddressed by largeagrochemical companies
NATURAL BIO-PESTICIDE RESEARCH DEVELOPED BY CEPPRESEARCH TEAM PROJECT TITLE: Study of environmental friendly natural bio-pesticide for agricultural and horticultural application Sources of natural bio-pesticide: Derris elliptica or locally known as ‘Tuba’ Potential bio-active compound: Rotenone 2 % (w/w) to 4 % (w/w) in dried rootsPOTENTIAL PRODUCT APPLICATIONIn 2003, a total of 1,500 insecticides were registered in Malaysia including 8botanical insecticides (pyrethrin) but NONE of rotenone productIMPORTANT R&D FINDINGS & CLAIMS The active ingredient, rotenone has been successfully extracted with the efficiency of 3.5 % (w/w) in dried roots The rotenone was formulated as conventional emulsifiable formulation. It has been shown to have higher activity against the diamondback moth; DPM (Plutella xylostella) compared to conventional insecticides including the resistance strain Larvae of diamondback moth (DBM): Plutella xylostella (UPM Serdang, Selangor)
CURRENT STATUS OF NATURAL BIO-PESTICIDE (ROTENONE) RESEARCH PROJECT (Since Jun 2000 until 24st April 2006) Status Items/Research activities YES NO R&D Completed About 80 % have been completed (semi product)* Prototype Completed Xylene based formulation completed IP Protection Applied Extraction and formulation procedure** Industry Partner Identified Yes (Heritage Biotech (M) Sdn. Bhd) Market Survey Undertaken Yes (Done by Heritage Biotech (M) Sdn. Bhd) Field Test/Clinical Trial Undertaken Using secondary data, two field tests conducted Approval From Relevant Authorities No Research Grant Applied 1) IRPA I - RM 117,000 (2 years) 2) IRPA II - RM 211,000.00 (2 years) 3) INDUSTRIAL GRANT SCHEME (IGS): RM 1,780,000.00 (2 years) ∴Status: KIV (RM9) 4) Ministry of Finance (MOF) - Bridging Fund RM 2,685,000.00 (2 years) ∴Status: Internal assessment 5) IRPA III - RM 268,200.00 (2 years) ∴ Status: KIV (RM9)*Semi product (concentrated liquid crude extract): Yield of rotenoids resin in dried roots: ≅ 9.5 % (w/w).**Preliminary IP screening and technology assessment have been submitted through RMC, UTM Skudai.