BIO-PESTICIDE

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BIO-PESTICIDE

  1. 1. <ul><li>A compound that kills organisms by virtue of specific biological effects </li></ul><ul><li>rather than as a broader chemical poison </li></ul><ul><li>Differ from biocontrol agents in being passive agents, whereas biocontrol agents </li></ul><ul><li>actively seek the pest </li></ul><ul><li>The rationale behind replacing conventional pesticides with bio-pesticides is that </li></ul><ul><li>the latter are more likely to be selective and biodegradable (FAO, 2005) </li></ul>WHAT IS BIO-PESTICIDE? <ul><li>Human and environmental safety </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatives to conventional pesticides: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>25 million cases of acute occupational pesticide poisoning in developing countries each year (WHO, 1990) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>14% of all known occupational injuries and 10% of all fatal injuries are caused by pesticides (ILO, 1996) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obsolete pesticides stored in developing countries - 20,000 tonnes in Africa alone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amenable to small-scale, local production in developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Address increased public awareness of environmental and food safety </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental component of Integrated Pest Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural enemies protected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controls pests resistant to conventional pesticides </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Products available in small, niche markets that are typically unaddressed by large </li></ul><ul><li>agrochemical companies </li></ul>WHY BIO-PESTICIDES?
  2. 2. <ul><li>The active ingredient, rotenone has been successfully extracted with the efficiency of 3.5 % (w/w) in dried roots </li></ul><ul><li>The rotenone was formulated as conventional emulsifiable formulation. It has been shown to have higher activity against the diamondback moth; DPM ( Plutella xylostella ) compared to conventional insecticides including the resistance strain </li></ul>In 2003, a total of 1,500 insecticides were registered in Malaysia including 8 botanical insecticides (pyrethrin) but NONE of rotenone product POTENTIAL PRODUCT APPLICATION IMPORTANT R&D FINDINGS & CLAIMS NATURAL BIO-PESTICIDE RESEARCH DEVELOPED BY CEPP RESEARCH TEAM <ul><li>PROJECT TITLE: Study of environmental friendly natural bio-pesticide for </li></ul><ul><li>agricultural and horticultural application </li></ul><ul><li>Sources of natural bio-pesticide: Derris elliptica or locally known as ‘Tuba’ </li></ul><ul><li>Potential bio-active compound: Rotenone 2 % (w/w) to 4 % (w/w) in dried roots </li></ul>Larvae of diamondback moth (DBM): Plutella xylostella (UPM Serdang, Selangor)
  3. 3. CURRENT STATUS OF NATURAL BIO-PESTICIDE (ROTENONE) RESEARCH PROJECT *Semi product (concentrated liquid crude extract): Yield of rotenoids resin in dried roots:  9.5 % (w/w). **Preliminary IP screening and technology assessment have been submitted through RMC, UTM Skudai . (Since Jun 2000 until 24 st April 2006) 1) IRPA I - RM 117,000 (2 years) 2) IRPA II - RM 211,000.00 (2 years) 3) INDUSTRIAL GRANT SCHEME (IGS): RM 1,780,000.00 (2 years)  Status: KIV (RM9) 4) Ministry of Finance (MOF) - Bridging Fund RM 2,685,000.00 (2 years)  Status: Internal assessment 5) IRPA III - RM 268,200.00 (2 years)  Status: KIV (RM9) Research Grant Applied No Approval From Relevant Authorities Using secondary data, two field tests conducted Field Test/Clinical Trial Undertaken Yes (Done by Heritage Biotech (M) Sdn. Bhd) Market Survey Undertaken Yes (Heritage Biotech (M) Sdn. Bhd) Industry Partner Identified Extraction and formulation procedure** IP Protection Applied Xylene based formulation completed Prototype Completed About 80 % have been completed (semi product)* R&D Completed NO YES Status Items/Research activities

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