The Visual Elements


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The Visual Elements

  1. 1. The Visual Elements
  2. 2. <ul><li>When looking at works of art, you see different colors, values, lines, textures and shapes. You see countless ways artists combine and organize these elements so their ideas and feelings can be communicated and understood by viewers. Looking at works of art, however, doesn’t mean you “see” them. To fully understand a painting, a sculpture, or a building, you need to understand a visual vocabulary and recognize how it is used to produce successful works of art. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Line <ul><li>Functions of Line </li></ul><ul><li>- Outline and Form </li></ul>Kara Walker
  4. 4. Line <ul><li>Functions of Line </li></ul><ul><li>-Movement & Emphasis </li></ul>George Seurat
  5. 5. Line <ul><li>Functions of Line </li></ul><ul><li>-Pattern and Texture </li></ul>Piet Mondrian
  6. 6. <ul><li>Functions of Line </li></ul><ul><li>-Shading and Modeling </li></ul>Rembrandt
  7. 7. Types of Line <ul><li>Actual Lines </li></ul>
  8. 8. Types of Line <ul><li>Implied Lines </li></ul><ul><li>gestalt theory </li></ul>
  9. 9. Types of Line <ul><li>Lines formed by an edge </li></ul>
  10. 10. Types of Line <ul><li>Active Lines </li></ul><ul><li>contrapposto </li></ul>
  11. 11. Types of Line <ul><li>Static Lines </li></ul>
  12. 12. Types of Line <ul><li>Contour lines </li></ul><ul><li>-Convention </li></ul>Henri Matisse
  13. 13. Characteristics of Line <ul><li>Direction </li></ul>Tintoretto
  14. 14. Characteristics of Line <ul><li>Direction </li></ul><ul><li>-line of sight </li></ul><ul><li>-compositional lines </li></ul>
  15. 15. Characteristics of Line <ul><li>Linear Quality </li></ul><ul><li>- Calligraphic lines </li></ul>
  16. 16. Shape and Mass/Form <ul><li>Shape </li></ul><ul><li>Form </li></ul>
  17. 17. Types of Shapes and Forms <ul><li>Geometric (Hard-edge) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Types of Shapes and Forms <ul><li>Organic (biomorphic) </li></ul>Paul Klee
  19. 19. Light, Value, and Color
  20. 20. Light <ul><li>Illusion of Light </li></ul><ul><li>-Chiaroscuro </li></ul><ul><li>-Tenebrism </li></ul>Georges de La Tour
  21. 21. Value
  22. 22. Color <ul><li>The spectrum and Sir Isaac Newton </li></ul><ul><li>Reflected white light </li></ul>
  23. 23. Color Wheel
  24. 24. Primary Colors
  25. 25. Secondary Colors
  26. 26. Tertiary Colors
  27. 27. Intensity <ul><li>Value </li></ul><ul><li>-Tint </li></ul><ul><li>-Shade </li></ul>
  28. 28. Color Harmonies <ul><li>Monochromatic </li></ul>
  29. 29. Color Harmonies <ul><li>Complementary colors </li></ul><ul><li>-Simultaneous contrast </li></ul>
  30. 30. Color Harmonies <ul><li>Analogous </li></ul>
  31. 31. Color is relative It is effected by the colors around it So that a green next to blue looks more yellow than the same green next to yellow (which looks more blue)
  32. 32. The Psychology of Color <ul><li>Warm Colors </li></ul><ul><li>Cool Colors </li></ul>
  33. 33. The Psychology of Color <ul><li>statistics </li></ul>
  34. 34. The Psychology of Color <ul><li>Red Light </li></ul><ul><li>-shown to increase heartbeats </li></ul><ul><li>Blue Light </li></ul><ul><li>-shown to decrease heatbeats </li></ul>
  35. 35. The Psychology of Color <ul><li>Local Color </li></ul><ul><li>Optical Color </li></ul>
  36. 36. Surface and Space
  37. 37. Texture <ul><li>Actual - bronze, stone, wood, glass, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Visual -trompe l’oeil </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern </li></ul>
  38. 38. Space <ul><li>3D Space </li></ul><ul><li>2D Space </li></ul>
  39. 39. Illusions of Depth <ul><li>Overlapping </li></ul><ul><li>Placement </li></ul><ul><li>Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Converging Lines </li></ul><ul><li>Color </li></ul><ul><li>Foreshortening </li></ul>
  40. 40. Principles of Art <ul><li>Unity </li></ul><ul><li>Variety </li></ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion and Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm and Movement </li></ul>
  41. 41. Unity
  42. 42. Variety
  43. 43. Balance <ul><li>Symmetrical </li></ul><ul><li>Asymmetrical </li></ul><ul><li>Radial </li></ul>
  44. 44. Emphasis <ul><li>Focal Point </li></ul><ul><li>-Golden Section </li></ul><ul><li>-Rule of Thirds </li></ul>
  45. 45. Proportion and Scale <ul><li>Golden Section </li></ul><ul><li>5:8 </li></ul><ul><li>Hieratic representation </li></ul>
  46. 46. Composition with the Golden Section
  47. 47. Rhythm and Movement