Elements Of Design Powerpoint 2006


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Elements Of Design Powerpoint 2006

  1. 1. Formal Elements Elements of Art Principles of Art
  2. 2. What makes up an art work? The Elements of art
  3. 3. Elements of Art The composition of an art work is made up of the arrangement of the elements. These are known as the Elements of Art <ul><li>Color </li></ul><ul><li>line </li></ul><ul><li>texture </li></ul><ul><li>tone </li></ul><ul><li>shape /form </li></ul>
  4. 4. C O L O U R <ul><li>Colour is very expressive and an exciting element of art. It appeals strongly to the senses and emotions. </li></ul><ul><li>Colour can communicate in all different ways, it can be very powerful thing in art work. Art works can communicate by colour alone. It can cause emotional reactions. </li></ul>
  5. 5. C O L O U R <ul><li>Primary colours-yellow, red and blue. </li></ul><ul><li>(colours that can not be made by mixing other colours. </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary colours- purple, green and orange (colours mixed from a combination of any two primary colours) </li></ul><ul><li>Complimentary colours (colours found on the opposite on the colour wheel.) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Monochromatic colour scheme (uses only one colour and tints and shades) </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonious colours- colours that have something in common. One colour will be in harmony with another. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Primary colours Lichtenstein
  8. 8. Secondary colours
  9. 9. Complementary colours Gauguin
  10. 10. Monochromatic colour scheme Escher
  11. 11. Colour Schemes
  12. 12. Colour schemes
  13. 13. Complementary colours scheme
  14. 14. Communicating with colour <ul><li>Cool colours go away from you </li></ul><ul><li>Van Gogh </li></ul>
  15. 15. Van Gogh
  16. 16. Rothko <ul><li>Warm colours come towards you </li></ul>
  17. 17. Rothko
  18. 18. Lines <ul><li>Line in art may mean a single thin stroke </li></ul><ul><li>It may signify the meeting edge of two areas </li></ul><ul><li>It may refer to the contours – as in sculpture </li></ul><ul><li>Line can display strong suggestion of </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Line can produce a sense of tranquility </li></ul>
  19. 19. Line Clement Meadmore
  20. 20. Line can create volume Escher
  21. 21. Lines can create movement they can move through an art work Escher
  22. 22. Lines can create movement Brett Whiteley
  23. 23. Brett Whiteley
  24. 24. Brett Whiteley
  25. 25. Brett Whiteley <ul><li>Larger lines in the foreground </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller lines in the back ground give an illusion of distances, space and perspective. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Lines create pattern and shape John Olsen
  27. 27. Tone <ul><li>Tone can be flat or graduated </li></ul><ul><li>Can be created by using shading, line or dots. </li></ul><ul><li>Lines can be used to create tone in hatching or cross-hatching </li></ul><ul><li>Dots can be used to create tone. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Rick Amor
  29. 29. Tone <ul><li>Tone can be subdued </li></ul><ul><li>Strong </li></ul><ul><li>Contrasting </li></ul><ul><li>Rick Amor </li></ul>
  30. 30. Tone Rembrandt Hatching and cross-hatching
  31. 31. Tone <ul><li>Dramatic use of tone. Mattia Preti </li></ul><ul><li>Tone used to attract out attention to the most important part of the painting </li></ul><ul><li>Spot light shining on the painting </li></ul>
  32. 32. Texture <ul><li>Read or Simulated </li></ul><ul><li>Real texture are the textures that actually exist – they are what you actually feel </li></ul><ul><li>Simulated textures </li></ul>
  33. 33. Texture <ul><li>Grained </li></ul><ul><li>Rough </li></ul><ul><li>Corrugated </li></ul><ul><li>Smooth </li></ul><ul><li>Furry </li></ul><ul><li>Shiny </li></ul><ul><li>prickly </li></ul>
  34. 34. Texture Van Gogh
  35. 35. Texture <ul><li>When we actually touch and feel a surface we experience real texture </li></ul><ul><li>Real texture; the feel of a surface </li></ul><ul><li>Cactus, feathers, scales </li></ul><ul><li>When we look at a photograph or a painting of the texture of a surface such as glass or velvet leather, we see patterns of light and dark that create the effect of texture </li></ul><ul><li>Simulated texture; a two dimensional surface that imitates real texture, simulated textures copy or imitate real textures. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Simulated texture imitates real texture Max Ernst
  37. 37. Oldenburg real texture, the feel of a surface
  38. 38. Shape / Form <ul><li>A shape is an area that is defined in some way by a line, an edge, a colour or a texture. If we traced around its outline we would have a shape, silhouette </li></ul><ul><li>Shapes are flat they have only two dimensions – height and width </li></ul><ul><li>Shapes can be geometric – look as if they were made with a ruler. </li></ul><ul><li>Organic – irregular, uneven shapes of nature. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Shape
  40. 40. Shape / Form <ul><li>Forms, like shapes have height and width but they also have the third dimension depth. They are solid. They have volume and occupy space. </li></ul><ul><li>Two dimension - painting </li></ul><ul><li>Three dimension - a sculpture </li></ul>
  41. 41. Elements of Art <ul><li>These five elements are the primary aspects of visual perception. Every artwork can be described by reference to these elements. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, a work will have the presence of strong lines or absence of line. A work may be full of tone or a complete lack of tone. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Principles of Design These are the nine main principles of design <ul><li>Contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Repetition </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Direction </li></ul><ul><li>Space </li></ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis </li></ul><ul><li>Unity </li></ul>
  43. 43. Principles of Art <ul><li>The artists use the principles to combine the elements in a satisfying way. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Ways to create space <ul><li>Divide the picture into the fore-ground, middle ground and background </li></ul><ul><li>Strong details is used in the foreground, with gradual loss of detail as the image fades into the back ground </li></ul><ul><li>Large objects in the fore ground graduating to smaller objects in the back ground </li></ul><ul><li>Overlapping of objects give the appearance of objects being in front of each other </li></ul><ul><li>Warm colours in the foreground and cool colours in the back ground </li></ul>
  45. 45. Degas Space
  46. 46. Balance <ul><li>Refers to the distribution of weight in an art work so that no one part overpowers another or seems heavier that another. </li></ul><ul><li>Artists may choose to create imbalance of a particular purpose. Sydney Long </li></ul>
  47. 47. Proportion <ul><li>The relationship between the size of the objects within an artwork. </li></ul><ul><li>Eugene von Guerard </li></ul>
  48. 48. Emphasis <ul><li>An artist can create a centre of interest by allowing one area of an art work to dominate. </li></ul><ul><li>Picasso </li></ul>
  49. 49. Contrast Picasso “Girl Mirror”
  50. 50. Repetition <ul><li>John Brack - “Collins St 5pm” </li></ul>
  51. 51. Rhythm <ul><li>Richard Mock </li></ul>