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Nucleic Acids
 

Nucleic Acids

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    Nucleic Acids Nucleic Acids Presentation Transcript

    • Nucleic Acids
      • DNA
      • RNA
      • The building blocks of nucleic acids are called NUCLEOTIDES
      Nucleic acids
      • Nucleotides : monomers of nucleic acids.
        • All nucleic acids consist of many nucleotides bonded together.
      Nucleotide
      • 1. Sugar: 5-carbon ribose or deoxyribose
      • 2. Phosphate group
      • 3. Nitrogen base
      Nucleotide
    • Nucleotides
    • DNA Structure
      • Sugar= Deoxyribose
      • Specific Base Pairing
        • Adenine-Thymine
        • Guanine-Cytosine
      • Forms a double Helix Structure
    • RNA structure
      • Sugar= Ribose
      • Thymine gets replaced by Uracil
      • Single stranded
    • Functions
      • DNA is used to store genetic information
        • It is replicated before cell division
      • DNA is very important so it is stored in the nucleus.
      • It never leaves the nucleus
    • Functions
      • Your DNA stores the code for your proteins, which exhibit your “traits”
      • The DNA gets converted to RNA in order to move out into the cytoplasm
      • In the cytoplasm it meets up with the ribosome, where it can synthesize proteins
    • http://biologynotes.wikispaces.com/Nucleic+Acids