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Use and omission of the article in English

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  1. 1. <ul><li>We use A/n </li></ul><ul><li>When we don't know or it isn't important which one:
  2. 2. eg: He was working in a hardware .
  3. 3. With jobs: eg: He is a foreman
  4. 4. To talk about a person or thing for the first time:
  5. 5. eg: They've got a computer's address book </li></ul>
  6. 6. We use The <ul><li>To talk about the same person or thing for the second/third/ fourth time
  7. 7. eg: She wrote it in the computer's address book.
  8. 8. With superlatives:
  9. 9. eg: She's the most beautiful girl in the world </li></ul>
  10. 10. Use of the <ul><li>Nouns that are unique: the moon, the Colosseum </li></ul><ul><li>Before musical instruments: the piano, the saxo
  11. 11. Before the names of theatres, cinemas, museums, hotels,newspapers and organization s </li></ul>
  12. 12. But sometimes many names of important buildings and institutions are two words, and the first is usually the name of a person or a place. In these cases the article is omitted.
  13. 13. The with geographical names <ul><li>Oceans
  14. 14. Seas
  15. 15. Rivers
  16. 16. Groups of islands
  17. 17. Mountain ranges
  18. 18. Desserts </li></ul>
  19. 19. DON'T USE THE ARTICLE <ul><li>To speak in general with plurals and uncountable nouns
  20. 20. eg.W omen are more intelligent than men
  21. 21. I prefer vodka to gin.
  22. 22. Before material and abstract nouns used in a general sense:
  23. 23. eg: Gold is a precious metal. Honesty is the best policy.
  24. 24. With noun+number
  25. 25. eg: 30% of 40, page 23, room 105
  26. 26. Our train leaves from Platform 7 </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Don't use the with prison, hospital,school, university,church when you are thinking of the general idea of those places
  28. 28. We do not normally use the article with the names of meals: Breakfast, lunch, dinner </li></ul><ul><li>Bed, work, home without article
  29. 29. go to bed, be in bed,
  30. 30. go to work, be at work, start work, gome home, arrive home, be at home </li></ul><ul><li>We usually say the radio but television.
  31. 31. We heard the news on the radio and the documentaries on television </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>In certain phrases made up of a preposition + noun: </li></ul>Examples are: on foot, at school, from top to bottom, at home, in bed, by train, by car, in debt, in hand, on earth, at noon, on board, in jest, at best, at worst etc.
  33. 33. We don't use tha article with: <ul><li>Continents,countries,
  34. 34. regions,states,provinces,
  35. 35. islands, towns and cities.
  36. 36. But we use the with Republic, Kingdom, States
  37. 37. Roads, streets, parks, shops and restaurants
  38. 38. Individual mountains and lakes </li></ul>