RELATIVE CLAUSES 1º BACHILLERATO
RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><li>Tracy is  the girl.   </li></ul><ul><li>She  loves the idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Tracy is the girl ...
CHARACTERISTICS. <ul><li>Tracy is the girl  who  loves the idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to form complex sentences. </li></...
RELATIVE PRONOUNS. <ul><li>Depending on the antecedent (the name they make reference to). </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: That is  t...
RELATIVE PRONOUNS: <ul><li>Who: To refer to people. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: She is the girl   who   won the price. </li>...
OTHER RELATIVE PRONOUNS: <ul><li>Whose: To express possession (cuyo/a): whose+ noun </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The man  whose  ...
OTHER RELATIVE PRONOUNS: <ul><li>WHY: To express reason (por lo que) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The reason  why  she came … </l...
DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><li>They add necessary information. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The man who came is… </li></ul><ul...
NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES. <ul><li>Not necessary information, in commas. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Shakespeare, who wa...
RELATIVE CLAUSES: COMPARISON <ul><li>DEFINING </li></ul><ul><li>Necessary information. </li></ul><ul><li>Not commas. </li>...
DEFINE THESE WORDS <ul><li>A firefighter: put out a fire </li></ul><ul><li>An actor: play a role in a show/film </li></ul>...
DEFINE THESE WORDS <ul><li>A firefighter is a person who puts out a fire. </li></ul><ul><li>An actor is someone who plays ...
COMBINE THE SENTENCES USING RELATIVE PRONOUNS (DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES): <ul><li>1.What was the cartoon? You were watchi...
COMBINE THE SENTENCES USING RELATIVE PRONOUNS (DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES): <ul><li>1.What was the cartoon (which/that) You...
COMBINE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES TO FORM NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES : <ul><li>1.André Gide was a French novelist. He rec...
COMBINE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES TO FORM NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES : <ul><li>1.André Gide was a French novelist who rec...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

/Media/usbdisk/relative clauses

1,163 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,163
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
32
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
38
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

/Media/usbdisk/relative clauses

  1. 1. RELATIVE CLAUSES 1º BACHILLERATO
  2. 2. RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><li>Tracy is the girl. </li></ul><ul><li>She loves the idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Tracy is the girl who/that loves the idea. </li></ul>
  3. 3. CHARACTERISTICS. <ul><li>Tracy is the girl who loves the idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to form complex sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>To join information which is repeated. </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of relative pronoun: who; which; that; where; when… </li></ul><ul><li>Some element is omitted. </li></ul>
  4. 4. RELATIVE PRONOUNS. <ul><li>Depending on the antecedent (the name they make reference to). </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: That is the man . The man came yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>R.C: That is the man who came yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>( Who makes reference to the man). </li></ul>
  5. 5. RELATIVE PRONOUNS: <ul><li>Who: To refer to people. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: She is the girl who won the price. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which: To refer to animals/things. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Flexpetz is an agency which …. </li></ul><ul><li>That: People/ objects (only defining Ex: The dog that they rented…. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The student who comes on time… </li></ul>
  6. 6. OTHER RELATIVE PRONOUNS: <ul><li>Whose: To express possession (cuyo/a): whose+ noun </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The man whose dog was stolen. </li></ul><ul><li>When: To express time. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The day when I was born… </li></ul><ul><li>Where: To express place </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The village where it took place… </li></ul>
  7. 7. OTHER RELATIVE PRONOUNS: <ul><li>WHY: To express reason (por lo que) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The reason why she came … </li></ul><ul><li>WHOM: For people (after preposition) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The owner is the person to whom you have to talk. (Formal language) </li></ul><ul><li>(… is the person you have to talk to). Informal language. </li></ul>
  8. 8. DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><li>They add necessary information. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The man who came is… </li></ul><ul><li>(Not any man, but that who came.) </li></ul><ul><li>That can be used. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The man who came… </li></ul><ul><li> The man that came…. </li></ul><ul><li>The pronoun can be omitted if it does not function as subject. (only who, that and which ). </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The girl (who) you saw… </li></ul>
  9. 9. NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES. <ul><li>Not necessary information, in commas. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Shakespeare, who was born in Stratford upon Avon, is the greatest… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>That cannot be used. </li></ul><ul><li> Ex: Shakespeare, *that was born… </li></ul><ul><li>The pronoun cannot be omitted. </li></ul>
  10. 10. RELATIVE CLAUSES: COMPARISON <ul><li>DEFINING </li></ul><ul><li>Necessary information. </li></ul><ul><li>Not commas. </li></ul><ul><li>That is used. </li></ul><ul><li>Omission of pronoun (when it functions as object) </li></ul><ul><li>NON DEFINING </li></ul><ul><li>Unnecessary information. </li></ul><ul><li>Commas. </li></ul><ul><li>That is not used. </li></ul><ul><li>Omission of pronoun is not possible. </li></ul>
  11. 11. DEFINE THESE WORDS <ul><li>A firefighter: put out a fire </li></ul><ul><li>An actor: play a role in a show/film </li></ul><ul><li>A teacher: show you how to do sth. </li></ul><ul><li>A mechanic: repair cars. </li></ul><ul><li>An architect: draw plans. </li></ul><ul><li>An engineer: design </li></ul>
  12. 12. DEFINE THESE WORDS <ul><li>A firefighter is a person who puts out a fire. </li></ul><ul><li>An actor is someone who plays a role in a film. </li></ul><ul><li>A teacher is a person that tells you how to do something. </li></ul><ul><li>An architect is someone who draws the plans for your house. </li></ul><ul><li>An engineer is a person who designs projects. </li></ul>
  13. 13. COMBINE THE SENTENCES USING RELATIVE PRONOUNS (DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES): <ul><li>1.What was the cartoon? You were watching it. </li></ul><ul><li>2.That is the noise. I heard it earlier. </li></ul><ul><li>3.Are they the photos? We saw them earlier. </li></ul><ul><li>4.He is the man. He was in Big Brother. </li></ul><ul><li>5.Is that the woman? Her brother is famous. </li></ul><ul><li>6.This is the room. Everyone watches TV here. </li></ul><ul><li>7. We bought a car. The car causes lots of problems. </li></ul><ul><li>8. The student is very pleased. The student won a scholarship. </li></ul><ul><li>9.The river is very deep. The river runs by my house. </li></ul><ul><li>10.The man is crazy. You spoke to him. </li></ul>
  14. 14. COMBINE THE SENTENCES USING RELATIVE PRONOUNS (DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES): <ul><li>1.What was the cartoon (which/that) You were watching? </li></ul><ul><li>2.That is the noise (which/that) I heard earlier. </li></ul><ul><li>3.Are they the photos which/thatWe saw earlier? </li></ul><ul><li>4.He is the man who was in Big Brother. </li></ul><ul><li>5.Is that the woman whose brother is famous? </li></ul><ul><li>6.This is the room where everyone watches TV. </li></ul><ul><li>7. We bought a car which causes lots of problems. </li></ul><ul><li>8. The student who won a scholarshipis very pleased. </li></ul><ul><li>9.The river which runs by my house is very deep. </li></ul><ul><li>10.The man is crazy. You spoke to him. </li></ul>
  15. 15. COMBINE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES TO FORM NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES : <ul><li>1.André Gide was a French novelist. He received the Nobel Prize in 1947. </li></ul><ul><li>2.Our local sports centre was damaged by fire. It was only finished two years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>3.The Olympic Games are held every four years. They originated in Greece. </li></ul><ul><li>4.The headmaster of your school is an old friend of mine. I am writing a letter to him. </li></ul><ul><li>5.Oxford University is the oldest university in England. It is over 800 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>6.My friend Ann is an athlete. She trains every day. </li></ul><ul><li>7.Our new car cost a lot of money. It has the most up-to-date technology. </li></ul><ul><li>8.My aunt Jane is a journalist. She is covering the situation in Somalia. </li></ul>
  16. 16. COMBINE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES TO FORM NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES : <ul><li>1.André Gide was a French novelist who received the Nobel Prize in 1947. </li></ul><ul><li>2.Our local sports centre, which was only finished two years ago, was damaged by fire. </li></ul><ul><li>3.The Olympic Games, which originated in Greece, are held every four years. </li></ul><ul><li>4.The headmaster of your school, to whom I am writing a letter, is an old friend of mine. </li></ul><ul><li>5.Oxford University, which is the oldest university in England, is over 800 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>6.My friend Ann, who is an athlete, trains every day. </li></ul><ul><li>7.Our new car, which cost a lot of money has the most up-to-date technology. </li></ul><ul><li>8.My aunt Jane, who is a journalist, she is covering the situation in Somalia. </li></ul>

×