Powerpoint chapter 8 (beiras nacini - olivares)

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Powerpoint chapter 8 (beiras nacini - olivares)

  1. 1. <ul><li>The grammar of experiential meaning: TRANSITIVITY </li></ul>English Grammar II
  2. 2. <ul><li>It refers to how the world is represented by the participants of a conversation through language </li></ul><ul><li>The processes are realized by the verbal group of the clause </li></ul><ul><li>Every clause includes at least one participant </li></ul>English Grammar II
  3. 3. <ul><li>The transitivity system deal with the description of the whole caluse, but mainly focuses in the VERBAL GROUP. </li></ul><ul><li>There are six kinds of processes within which the verbs can e classified: </li></ul>English Grammar II
  4. 4. <ul><li>MATERIAL PROCESS : </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete tangible actions </li></ul><ul><li>Has an Actor, a Goal/ Range, a Beneficiary </li></ul><ul><li>MENTAL PROCESS : </li></ul><ul><li>Is part of the internal world of the mind </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs with the meaning of thinking, imagining, wanting, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Has a Senser, a Phenomenon </li></ul>English Grammar II
  5. 5. <ul><li>VERBAL PROCESS: </li></ul><ul><li>All verbs connected with “saying” </li></ul><ul><li>Between mental and material processes </li></ul><ul><li>Has a Sayer, a Receiver, a Verbiage </li></ul><ul><li>BEHAVIORAL PROCESS: </li></ul><ul><li>Halfway between mental and material processes . </li></ul><ul><li>Typically, only one participant (Behaver) </li></ul><ul><li>In some clauses, another participant (Bahavior); adds specification to the process </li></ul>English Grammar II
  6. 6. <ul><li>RELATIONAL PROCESS: </li></ul><ul><li>We need the verb ‘to be’; or others with equative meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Has a Carrier, an Attribute (Attributive); or a Token and a Value (Identifying) </li></ul><ul><li>EXISTENTIAL PROCESS: </li></ul><ul><li>Recognizable because the subject is ‘There’ </li></ul><ul><li>Only one participant: the Existent </li></ul>English Grammar II
  7. 7. <ul><li>Circumstances: </li></ul><ul><li>Realized by circumstantial adjuncts </li></ul><ul><li>Categories of circumstance: time place and manner. </li></ul><ul><li>Transitivity in text: </li></ul><ul><li>Tells us how texts work. </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects a switch from ‘done to’ and ‘doer’. </li></ul><ul><li>Is a useful way into exploring the meaning. </li></ul>English Grammar II

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