“GROUPINGSTUDENTS”Barrau, NatashaHerrán, Joana Jeremy Hermer
Different groups Teachers can group students in the classroom in differents ways... Whole-class teaching Students on their own Pairwork Groupwork
Whole-class teachingIt is the most common teacher-students interaction in many cultures Advantages: It reinforces a sense of belonging among the group members It creates an engaging atmosphere The teacher as a controller: explanations and instructions General understanding of student progress Whole class working under teacher authority make students feel secure
Whole-class teaching Disadvantages: It favours the group rather than the individual No chance of speaking Embarrassment in front of mates It privileges the transmission of knowledge from teacher to student rather than having students discover things Difficulties in organising communicative language teaching or task-based sequences
Students on their own Advantages: Teachers can respond to individual students It can develop LEARNER AUTONOMY and promote skills of self-reliance and investigation Peace and tranquillity rather than noise and chaotic situation
Students on their own Disadvantages: Sense of belonging and cooperation are not encouraged It means much more thought and materials preparation than whole-class teaching involves It takes more time interacting with individual students that with the whole group
Pairwork Advantages : Bigger amount of speaking time Students work and interact independently without the guidance of the teacher: learner independence The teacher has time to work with all the pairs Promotes a cooperative and friendly atmosphere Students share responsibility
Pairwork Disadvantages: Pairwork is frequently very noisy Students often talk about something else, often in their L1 Some students prefer to relate with the teacher rather than with other learners who have the same linguistic level The chioce of partners can be problematic becuase there may be students who are not keen on with some other student.
Groupwork Advantages: It increases the amount of talking Personal relationships are less problematic and there are varied opinions It encourages cooperation and it is more private than work in front of the whole class Students can choose their level of participation It promotes learner autonomy
Groupwork Disadvantages: It is likely to be noisy and some teachers feel they lose control Some students prefer to be the focus of the teachers attention Group roles may become fossilised Groups usually demand more time and the beginning and ending of groupwork activities can be chaotic.
Deciding about grouping...Teachers need to consider a number of factors: The task The task the teacher prepares will influence the grouping Variety in a sequence Different student groupings help to provide variety and thus, sustaining motivation. The mood Changing the grouping of a class can be a good way to change its mood
Organising pairwork andgroupwork Making it work How students feel about working in pair or in groups? What changes of method do we need to make?
Creating pairs and groups We can decide how to put individual students into pairs or groups according to: Friendship Through observation we can see which students get on with which of their classmates Sociogram: students are asked to write who they like (and don’t like) working with.
Streaming According to their ability: o Weaker and stronger students o Students at the same level Chance Students who are sitting next or near to each other The “wheels” scenario Numbers or letters Changing groups during the class
Procedures for pairwork andgroupwork Before Students need to feel enthusiastic about what they are going to do. Students should understand and agree on what the task is The success of pairwork task is often helped by giving students a time when the activity should finish- and then sticking to it.
During Stand at the front or the side of the class and keep and eye on what is happening To go around the class watching and listening Intervene in discussions when we think it is appropriate or necessary To pick up information about students’ progress
After We need to organise feedback. We want to let them discuss what occurred during the groupwork session and add our own assessments and make corrections when necessary. Constructive feedback can enhance student’s future motivation
Troubleshooting Finishing first Boredom De-motivation We can give them a short little task to complete while they are waiting Awkward We may need to change the pairs or groups.