Grouping students (Chapter 8 by Harmer)


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Grouping students (Chapter 8 by Harmer)

  1. 1. “GROUPINGSTUDENTS”Barrau, NatashaHerrán, Joana Jeremy Hermer
  2. 2. Different groups Teachers can group students in the classroom in differents ways... Whole-class teaching Students on their own Pairwork Groupwork
  3. 3. Whole-class teachingIt is the most common teacher-students interaction in many cultures Advantages: It reinforces a sense of belonging among the group members It creates an engaging atmosphere The teacher as a controller: explanations and instructions General understanding of student progress Whole class working under teacher authority make students feel secure
  4. 4. Whole-class teaching Disadvantages: It favours the group rather than the individual No chance of speaking Embarrassment in front of mates It privileges the transmission of knowledge from teacher to student rather than having students discover things Difficulties in organising communicative language teaching or task-based sequences
  5. 5. Students on their own Advantages: Teachers can respond to individual students It can develop LEARNER AUTONOMY and promote skills of self-reliance and investigation Peace and tranquillity rather than noise and chaotic situation
  6. 6. Students on their own Disadvantages: Sense of belonging and cooperation are not encouraged It means much more thought and materials preparation than whole-class teaching involves It takes more time interacting with individual students that with the whole group
  7. 7. Pairwork Advantages : Bigger amount of speaking time Students work and interact independently without the guidance of the teacher: learner independence The teacher has time to work with all the pairs Promotes a cooperative and friendly atmosphere Students share responsibility
  8. 8. Pairwork Disadvantages: Pairwork is frequently very noisy Students often talk about something else, often in their L1 Some students prefer to relate with the teacher rather than with other learners who have the same linguistic level The chioce of partners can be problematic becuase there may be students who are not keen on with some other student.
  9. 9. Groupwork Advantages: It increases the amount of talking Personal relationships are less problematic and there are varied opinions It encourages cooperation and it is more private than work in front of the whole class Students can choose their level of participation It promotes learner autonomy
  10. 10. Groupwork Disadvantages: It is likely to be noisy and some teachers feel they lose control Some students prefer to be the focus of the teachers attention Group roles may become fossilised Groups usually demand more time and the beginning and ending of groupwork activities can be chaotic.
  11. 11. Deciding about grouping...Teachers need to consider a number of factors: The task The task the teacher prepares will influence the grouping Variety in a sequence Different student groupings help to provide variety and thus, sustaining motivation. The mood Changing the grouping of a class can be a good way to change its mood
  12. 12. Organising pairwork andgroupwork Making it work How students feel about working in pair or in groups? What changes of method do we need to make?
  13. 13. Creating pairs and groups We can decide how to put individual students into pairs or groups according to: Friendship Through observation we can see which students get on with which of their classmates Sociogram: students are asked to write who they like (and don’t like) working with.
  14. 14.  Streaming According to their ability: o Weaker and stronger students o Students at the same level Chance Students who are sitting next or near to each other The “wheels” scenario Numbers or letters Changing groups during the class
  15. 15. Procedures for pairwork andgroupwork  Before  Students need to feel enthusiastic about what they are going to do.  Students should understand and agree on what the task is  The success of pairwork task is often helped by giving students a time when the activity should finish- and then sticking to it.
  16. 16.  During Stand at the front or the side of the class and keep and eye on what is happening To go around the class watching and listening Intervene in discussions when we think it is appropriate or necessary To pick up information about students’ progress
  17. 17.  After We need to organise feedback. We want to let them discuss what occurred during the groupwork session and add our own assessments and make corrections when necessary. Constructive feedback can enhance student’s future motivation
  18. 18. Troubleshooting Finishing first Boredom De-motivation We can give them a short little task to complete while they are waiting Awkward We may need to change the pairs or groups.