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Water security in peri-urban contexts - Understanding vulnerability by Vishal Narain
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Water security in peri-urban contexts - Understanding vulnerability by Vishal Narain

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Water security in peri-urban contexts - Understanding vulnerability by Vishal Narain, presented at the Stockholm World Water Week, August 2011

Water security in peri-urban contexts - Understanding vulnerability by Vishal Narain, presented at the Stockholm World Water Week, August 2011

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Water security in peri-urban contexts - Understanding vulnerability by Vishal Narain Water security in peri-urban contexts - Understanding vulnerability by Vishal Narain Presentation Transcript

  • Water security in peri-urban contexts
    Understanding vulnerability
    VishalNarain, Stockholm
    August 2011
  • Periurban
    Confusing term with no consensus regarding its meaning
    Used to denote a place
    Fringe areas around cities
    Process
    Transition from rural to urban
    Concept/analytic construct
    To study rural-urban relationships
  • What defines periurban
    Place-based definitions problematic
    Definition of urban and rural vary from country to country
    Towns and villages often get reclassified frequently
    Characteristics of periurban
    Changing land use
    Multiple claimants
    Social heterogeneity
    Erosion of social capital
    Livelihoods across both urban and rural spaces
    With diversity in asset ownership and livelihoods portfolio
  • Locating a ‘periurbanscape’
    A mixed patchwork of contrasting land uses
    Agricultural fields, farm-houses, amusement parks, brick kilns, mining and quarrying, high rise buildings
    Usually what you see when you drive along a highway or as you leave a large city for the country-side
  • Counterparts of periurban in other languages
    Dutch
    halfstedig (semi-urban)
    East Asia
    'desakota‘ (city village)
    German
    urbanlandlichen zonen (urban rural zones)
    Afrikaans
    buitestedelik (outer city or beyond the city)
  • Why periurban areas need attention
    Urbanization a defining trend of the 20th century and shall be in the years to come
    The transitions in periurban locations shape the nature of urbanization processes
    Receive scant attention because of the dichotomous nature of urban planning and rural development
    e.g. urban sewerage flowing into a village
    Periurban often not a term in policy-makers glossary
  • Why are periurban areas water insecure ?
    Land use change is a reality
    Water rights are tied to rights in land
    New claimants on water keep increasing
    Water sources often filled up and acquired for urban purposes
    E.g. village ponds and CPRS
    Urban uses pollute waters at the periphery
    Water moves physically to urban centres or appropriated by urban users within periurban locations
  • Periurban water insecurity in the context of climate change
    Vulnerability captures the intersection of multiple stressors
    Periurban residents face ‘double exposure’
    Water insecurity is shaped by the intersection of climate change and urbanization
    Changes in climatic patterns and urbanization both affect their water insecurity
  • Who are most vulnerable ?
    Those whose lands lie across strategic locations
    Those whose lands are geographically concentrated
    Those whose lands are low-lying or at an elevation
    Those with fewer assets in the city or back-up options
    Vulnerability at the intersection of caste and gender
    Tenants, women and lower castes
  • So what do we do then
    Challenge the rural-urban dichotomy in development and planning
    Recognize the flows of water between rural and urban areas
    Engage service providers and stakeholders
    Mobilize community to ask for change