The peri urban problematique_Dr Vishal Narain


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The peri urban problematique by Dr Vishal Narain, presented at IDRC, New Delhi

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The peri urban problematique_Dr Vishal Narain

  1. 1. The periurban problematique Conceptual Underpinnings Vishal Narain, January 11, 2012
  2. 2. Periurban <ul><li>Confusing term with no consensus regarding its meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Used to denote a place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fringe areas around cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural areas, but also urban areas away from the core </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transition from rural to urban </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concept/analytic construct </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To study rural-urban relationships </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What defines periurban <ul><li>Place-based definitions problematic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Definition of urban and rural vary from country to country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Towns and villages often get reclassified frequently </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Look for certain features: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing land use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple claimants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social heterogeneity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Livelihoods across both urban and rural spaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing locus of control over natural resources </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Counterparts of periurban in other languages <ul><li>Dutch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>halfstedig ( semi-urban) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>East Asia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>'desakota‘ (city village) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>German </li></ul><ul><ul><li>urban landlichen zonen (urban rural zones) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Afrikaans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>buitestedelik (outer city or beyond the city) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Locating a ‘periurbanscape’ <ul><li>A mixed patchwork of contrasting land uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural fields, farm-houses, amusement parks, brick kilns, mining and quarrying, high rise buildings </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Why do periurban areas need attention? <ul><li>Urbanization a fact of life in the developing world </li></ul><ul><li>Periurban areas will grow in importance; will shape the nature of urbanization processes </li></ul><ul><li>Receive scant attention because of fragmentation between rural development and urban planning </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a good conceptual entry point to study the ecological foot-print and metabolism of cities as well as the politics of urban expansion </li></ul>
  7. 7. Themes on periurban water research in South Asia <ul><li>Disparity in water access between core and peripheral areas </li></ul><ul><li>Use of urban wastewater for agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Rural-urban water conflicts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential of multiple stakeholder platforms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Industrial water pollution lowering agricultural productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Our focus on periurban water insecurity </li></ul>
  8. 8. Periurban water insecurity <ul><li>Water sources constantly under threat as lands acquired for urban expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Water sources and CPRs often acquired for urban construction </li></ul><ul><li>Water transported to the city through tankers </li></ul><ul><li>Urban elite exploit rural water through expensive technologies not affordable by locals </li></ul>
  9. 9. Our research focus <ul><li>Climate variability and urbanization interact to create patterns of periurban water insecurity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urbanization creates new claimants on water both directly through water flows from rural to urban uses as well as the appropriation/contamination of land and water resources within rural/periurban locations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate variability/ change aggravate the impacts of the above: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>less and erratic rainfall </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reduced intensity of rains, shorter duration of seasons and rainfall </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sea level rise and salinity intrusion </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Methodology and approach <ul><li>A wide diversity of tools used in the project </li></ul><ul><li>Semi- structured household interviews and FGDs </li></ul><ul><li>PRA tools </li></ul><ul><li>Structured household survey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender segregated data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GIS maps </li></ul><ul><li>VCI: the vulnerability and capacities index </li></ul>