On Scale and Abundance
re Watering Peri-urban landscapes
Peter Stevens Prof. Tim Roberts Dr Steven Lucas
Most arid continent
Watery planet
Experimenting with nature
Water,, soil and ecosystem security?
Great Civilisations have passed away
Sir Albert Howard
Honeymoon is over for ‘man over nature’
Mary E White
Response

Seamless ecology-based design
aligned with landscape
laws of the biosphere
plants and bacteria
biocapacity
land use patterns

Dendritic

Peri-Urban
Dendritic

Rural
drying landscapes
trends
Global Village % Populution
150%

100%
50%
0%

1910

2013

2050

2300

70% of greenhouse gases
2% of land cover.
Lo...
Atmospheric CO2 (> 400 p.p.m = Pliocene)
Anthropocentric ?
Monoculture vs. ecosystem
Desert making
Choices
Extracentric
Topocentric
Engineering centred

P.A.Yeomans’– Keyline / H.E.R.D. 1956
Biocentric

Andrews – Natural sequence 1975
irrigated dry land

natural sequence
Mollison-a Permanent agriculture 1978
Ecocentric

Stevens -UoN Australia 1990-96
watered landscapes

Holzer-Austria 2004 Kravcik-Slovakia 2007
Survival landscapes
Tsum Communities - Nepal
a sense of permanence
periodic abundance
of complexity and resilience
through energy and water
Water is the driving force of all nature
Da Vinci
Biophilia
a biological narrative
patterns of abundance
on any scale
Newcastle Australia
EcoCity / UniverCity
Mt Penny

Rich river delta
International wetlands
Ancient soil
Fragile ecosystems
Diverse, refined biota
Largest coal port 2013
Landscape integrity 2300 ?
1989
1989
1989
1989
1989
A fundamental change in thinking
1992
to rewater the landscape
1993
1996
for amenity and comfort
2002
secure deep fertile soil
restore ecosystem complexity
recover the biota and the land
2002
2002
edenow
Guiding principles
Soil is the earth’s capital
Our yeoman service is to render fungous bridges
between humus/ plants.
A new human environment model
with food as part of habitat
and a bio-stewardship culture
An ecology-based design ethos
based on scales, feathers and ferns
in a watered landscape
Growth forms and detail
living with bushfire

biochar
implications at a human scale
implications at a landscape scale

Biotic ‘Recharge’ systems
re-aligning landuse with nature’s pattern book
to scale, and in patterns of abundance
Water retention nodes
all Keypoints in the landscape
‘On’ and ‘near’ contour
multi-functional conduits
Deep infiltration , carbon rich soils
• Vegetation and water nodes- all keypoints and secondary ridges
• Vegetation and water nodes- all keypoints and secondary ridges
• Seamless flow of all design elements so that the landfo...
• Vegetation and water nodes- all keypoints and secondary ridges
• Seamless flow of all design elements so that the landfo...
• Vegetation and water nodes-all keypoints and secondary ridges
• Seamless flow of all design elements so that the landfor...
• Vegetation and water nodes- all keypoints and secondary ridges
• Seamless flow of all design elements so that the landfo...
• Vegetation and water nodes- all keypoints and secondary ridges
• Seamless flow of all design elements so that the landfo...
• Vegetation and water infiltration nodes at all keypoints and on
all secondary ridges
• Seamless flow of all design eleme...
Conventional urban settlement outcomes
Remnant bushland perceived risk

Primary Ridge
Subsidence risk

Primary Ridge
Earthquake 1989

Primary Ridge
Inundation risk

Eucalypt bushland
Tectonic events 1989
Subsidence potential

Primary Ridge
Disaster OR Ecotown in the making ?
Bio / Ecological abundance ?
Biophilic / Ecotowns
Bushland Campus

Regional

Hospital

Developing City

Conservation area

Newcastle Hill
Bushland Campus

Regional

Hospital

High value topography >60m ASL
Biophilic / Ecotown capacity

Developing City

Conserv...
Bushland Campus

Regional

Hospital

Watered landscapes
High anthropocentric biocapacity
Developing City

Conservation are...
Bushland Campus

Regional

Hospital

Anthropocentric
biocapacity

Developing City

High Ecocentric biocapacity

Conservati...
High value ecologically productive landscapes
High value / potential for >70% vegetation cover
High value topography and o...
Conventional peri-urban landuse

Kate Flint, author
Primary Ridge

Remnant bushland ‘perceived risk’
Primary Ridge

‘ Developable’ landscape
Currently low Anthropocentric biocapacity
Primary Ridge

Currently low value Ecocentric biocapacity
Primary Ridge

Current low value ad hoc biocapacity
Landuse aligned with biocapacity
Forest like Bio/ Ecotown models
>70% vegetation cover
Ecologically productive landscapes
Biophilic / EcoCity modelling
Primary Ridge

High value watered landscapes
High Anthropocentric biocapacity
Primary Ridge

Watered landscapes,
High value Ecocentric biocapacity
Ecologically Engineered
High value watered landscapes
High Anthropocentric biocapacity
Ecologically Engineered

Watered landscapes,
High value Ecocentric biocapacity
Biologically developed

High value watered landscapes
High Anthropocentric biocapacity
Biologically developed

Watered landscapes,
High value Ecocentric biocapacity
• Vegetation and water nodes- all keypoints and secondary ridges
• Seamless flow of all design elements so that the landfo...
Peter Stevens
peter.stevens@newcastle.edu.au
+61 431 333 337
Tom Farrell Institute
University of Newcastle,
Australia

Pro...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic im...
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Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic imperative

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Beyond the Edge: Australia's First National Peri-urban Conference
La Trobe University
Oct 2013

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Stevens_P_On Scale and Abundance – Rewatering the peri-urban landscapes of Australia as a physical, social and economic imperative

  1. 1. On Scale and Abundance re Watering Peri-urban landscapes Peter Stevens Prof. Tim Roberts Dr Steven Lucas
  2. 2. Most arid continent
  3. 3. Watery planet
  4. 4. Experimenting with nature
  5. 5. Water,, soil and ecosystem security?
  6. 6. Great Civilisations have passed away Sir Albert Howard
  7. 7. Honeymoon is over for ‘man over nature’ Mary E White
  8. 8. Response Seamless ecology-based design
  9. 9. aligned with landscape
  10. 10. laws of the biosphere
  11. 11. plants and bacteria
  12. 12. biocapacity
  13. 13. land use patterns Dendritic Peri-Urban
  14. 14. Dendritic Rural
  15. 15. drying landscapes
  16. 16. trends Global Village % Populution 150% 100% 50% 0% 1910 2013 2050 2300 70% of greenhouse gases 2% of land cover. Lowering carbon footprint vital
  17. 17. Atmospheric CO2 (> 400 p.p.m = Pliocene)
  18. 18. Anthropocentric ?
  19. 19. Monoculture vs. ecosystem
  20. 20. Desert making
  21. 21. Choices
  22. 22. Extracentric
  23. 23. Topocentric
  24. 24. Engineering centred P.A.Yeomans’– Keyline / H.E.R.D. 1956
  25. 25. Biocentric Andrews – Natural sequence 1975
  26. 26. irrigated dry land natural sequence
  27. 27. Mollison-a Permanent agriculture 1978
  28. 28. Ecocentric Stevens -UoN Australia 1990-96
  29. 29. watered landscapes Holzer-Austria 2004 Kravcik-Slovakia 2007
  30. 30. Survival landscapes
  31. 31. Tsum Communities - Nepal
  32. 32. a sense of permanence
  33. 33. periodic abundance
  34. 34. of complexity and resilience
  35. 35. through energy and water
  36. 36. Water is the driving force of all nature Da Vinci
  37. 37. Biophilia
  38. 38. a biological narrative
  39. 39. patterns of abundance
  40. 40. on any scale
  41. 41. Newcastle Australia EcoCity / UniverCity
  42. 42. Mt Penny Rich river delta International wetlands
  43. 43. Ancient soil Fragile ecosystems Diverse, refined biota
  44. 44. Largest coal port 2013
  45. 45. Landscape integrity 2300 ?
  46. 46. 1989
  47. 47. 1989
  48. 48. 1989
  49. 49. 1989
  50. 50. 1989
  51. 51. A fundamental change in thinking 1992
  52. 52. to rewater the landscape
  53. 53. 1993
  54. 54. 1996
  55. 55. for amenity and comfort
  56. 56. 2002
  57. 57. secure deep fertile soil
  58. 58. restore ecosystem complexity
  59. 59. recover the biota and the land
  60. 60. 2002
  61. 61. 2002
  62. 62. edenow
  63. 63. Guiding principles
  64. 64. Soil is the earth’s capital
  65. 65. Our yeoman service is to render fungous bridges between humus/ plants.
  66. 66. A new human environment model
  67. 67. with food as part of habitat
  68. 68. and a bio-stewardship culture
  69. 69. An ecology-based design ethos
  70. 70. based on scales, feathers and ferns
  71. 71. in a watered landscape
  72. 72. Growth forms and detail
  73. 73. living with bushfire biochar
  74. 74. implications at a human scale
  75. 75. implications at a landscape scale Biotic ‘Recharge’ systems
  76. 76. re-aligning landuse with nature’s pattern book
  77. 77. to scale, and in patterns of abundance
  78. 78. Water retention nodes all Keypoints in the landscape
  79. 79. ‘On’ and ‘near’ contour multi-functional conduits
  80. 80. Deep infiltration , carbon rich soils
  81. 81. • Vegetation and water nodes- all keypoints and secondary ridges
  82. 82. • Vegetation and water nodes- all keypoints and secondary ridges • Seamless flow of all design elements so that the landform and natural aesthetic dominates
  83. 83. • Vegetation and water nodes- all keypoints and secondary ridges • Seamless flow of all design elements so that the landform and natural aesthetic dominates • Replace ‘discharge’ systems with ‘recharge’ systems
  84. 84. • Vegetation and water nodes-all keypoints and secondary ridges • Seamless flow of all design elements so that the landform and natural aesthetic dominates • Replace ‘discharge’ systems with ‘recharge’ systems • Use biological and ecological processes to ensure water and soil security, landscape and ecological integrity, and amenity
  85. 85. • Vegetation and water nodes- all keypoints and secondary ridges • Seamless flow of all design elements so that the landform and natural aesthetic dominates • Replace discharge systems with recharge systems • Biological and ecological processes to ensure water and soil security, landscape and ecological integrity, and amenity • Every element- multiple biological and ecological functions
  86. 86. • Vegetation and water nodes- all keypoints and secondary ridges • Seamless flow of all design elements so that the landform and natural aesthetic dominates • Replace discharge systems with recharge systems • Biological and ecological processes to ensure water and soil security, landscape and ecological integrity, create human scale space and amenity • Every element - multiple biological and ecological functions • Elevate infrastructure to enable ecological functions across contour, tenure and landuse
  87. 87. • Vegetation and water infiltration nodes at all keypoints and on all secondary ridges • Seamless flow of all design elements so that the landform and natural aesthetic dominates • Replace discharge systems with recharge systems • Biological and ecological processes to ensure water and soil security, landscape and ecological integrity, create human scale space and amenity • Every element multiple biological and ecological functions • Elevate infrastructure to enable ecological functions across contour, tenure and landuse • Establish cities and towns as ‘forest’ rather than ‘desert’ ecosystems
  88. 88. Conventional urban settlement outcomes
  89. 89. Remnant bushland perceived risk Primary Ridge
  90. 90. Subsidence risk Primary Ridge
  91. 91. Earthquake 1989 Primary Ridge
  92. 92. Inundation risk Eucalypt bushland Tectonic events 1989 Subsidence potential Primary Ridge
  93. 93. Disaster OR Ecotown in the making ? Bio / Ecological abundance ?
  94. 94. Biophilic / Ecotowns Bushland Campus Regional Hospital Developing City Conservation area Newcastle Hill
  95. 95. Bushland Campus Regional Hospital High value topography >60m ASL Biophilic / Ecotown capacity Developing City Conservation area Newcastle Hill
  96. 96. Bushland Campus Regional Hospital Watered landscapes High anthropocentric biocapacity Developing City Conservation area Newcastle Hill
  97. 97. Bushland Campus Regional Hospital Anthropocentric biocapacity Developing City High Ecocentric biocapacity Conservation area Newcastle Hill
  98. 98. High value ecologically productive landscapes High value / potential for >70% vegetation cover High value topography and orientation >60m ASL High value long term biophilic city /town potential
  99. 99. Conventional peri-urban landuse Kate Flint, author
  100. 100. Primary Ridge Remnant bushland ‘perceived risk’
  101. 101. Primary Ridge ‘ Developable’ landscape Currently low Anthropocentric biocapacity
  102. 102. Primary Ridge Currently low value Ecocentric biocapacity
  103. 103. Primary Ridge Current low value ad hoc biocapacity
  104. 104. Landuse aligned with biocapacity Forest like Bio/ Ecotown models >70% vegetation cover Ecologically productive landscapes
  105. 105. Biophilic / EcoCity modelling
  106. 106. Primary Ridge High value watered landscapes High Anthropocentric biocapacity
  107. 107. Primary Ridge Watered landscapes, High value Ecocentric biocapacity
  108. 108. Ecologically Engineered High value watered landscapes High Anthropocentric biocapacity
  109. 109. Ecologically Engineered Watered landscapes, High value Ecocentric biocapacity
  110. 110. Biologically developed High value watered landscapes High Anthropocentric biocapacity
  111. 111. Biologically developed Watered landscapes, High value Ecocentric biocapacity
  112. 112. • Vegetation and water nodes- all keypoints and secondary ridges • Seamless flow of all design elements so that the landform and natural aesthetic dominates • Replace discharge systems with recharge systems • Biological and ecological processes to ensure water and soil security, landscape and ecological integrity, and amenity • Every element- multiple biological and ecological functions • Elevate infrastructure to enable ecological functions across tenure and landuse • Establish cities and towns as forest ecosystems rather than desert ecosystems • Connect peri-urban landscapes at ‘root, branch and canopy level to secure energy and water
  113. 113. Peter Stevens peter.stevens@newcastle.edu.au +61 431 333 337 Tom Farrell Institute University of Newcastle, Australia Prof. Timothy Roberts Dr Steven Lucas

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