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Water security in peri-urban contexts - Understanding vulnerability by Vishal Narain


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Water security in peri-urban contexts - Understanding vulnerability by Vishal Narain, presented at the Stockholm World Water Week, August 2011

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Water security in peri-urban contexts - Understanding vulnerability by Vishal Narain

  1. 1. Water security in peri-urban contexts<br />Understanding vulnerability <br />VishalNarain, Stockholm<br />August 2011 <br />
  2. 2. Periurban<br />Confusing term with no consensus regarding its meaning<br />Used to denote a place<br />Fringe areas around cities<br />Process<br />Transition from rural to urban<br />Concept/analytic construct <br />To study rural-urban relationships <br />
  3. 3. What defines periurban<br />Place-based definitions problematic<br />Definition of urban and rural vary from country to country<br />Towns and villages often get reclassified frequently <br />Characteristics of periurban<br />Changing land use<br />Multiple claimants <br />Social heterogeneity <br />Erosion of social capital <br />Livelihoods across both urban and rural spaces<br />With diversity in asset ownership and livelihoods portfolio<br />
  4. 4. Locating a ‘periurbanscape’<br />A mixed patchwork of contrasting land uses <br />Agricultural fields, farm-houses, amusement parks, brick kilns, mining and quarrying, high rise buildings<br />Usually what you see when you drive along a highway or as you leave a large city for the country-side<br />
  5. 5. Counterparts of periurban in other languages <br />Dutch <br />halfstedig (semi-urban)<br />East Asia <br />'desakota‘ (city village)<br />German <br />urbanlandlichen zonen (urban rural zones) <br />Afrikaans <br />buitestedelik (outer city or beyond the city)<br />
  6. 6. Why periurban areas need attention <br />Urbanization a defining trend of the 20th century and shall be in the years to come<br />The transitions in periurban locations shape the nature of urbanization processes<br />Receive scant attention because of the dichotomous nature of urban planning and rural development<br />e.g. urban sewerage flowing into a village<br />Periurban often not a term in policy-makers glossary <br />
  7. 7. Why are periurban areas water insecure ?<br />Land use change is a reality <br />Water rights are tied to rights in land<br />New claimants on water keep increasing <br />Water sources often filled up and acquired for urban purposes<br />E.g. village ponds and CPRS<br />Urban uses pollute waters at the periphery <br />Water moves physically to urban centres or appropriated by urban users within periurban locations<br />
  8. 8. Periurban water insecurity in the context of climate change <br />Vulnerability captures the intersection of multiple stressors <br />Periurban residents face ‘double exposure’ <br />Water insecurity is shaped by the intersection of climate change and urbanization <br />Changes in climatic patterns and urbanization both affect their water insecurity <br />
  9. 9. Who are most vulnerable ? <br />Those whose lands lie across strategic locations <br />Those whose lands are geographically concentrated <br />Those whose lands are low-lying or at an elevation <br />Those with fewer assets in the city or back-up options <br />Vulnerability at the intersection of caste and gender <br />Tenants, women and lower castes<br />
  10. 10. So what do we do then <br />Challenge the rural-urban dichotomy in development and planning <br />Recognize the flows of water between rural and urban areas<br />Engage service providers and stakeholders<br />Mobilize community to ask for change <br />