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History of e books & ereaders

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A brief history of eBooks and eReaders. This material was created as part of the 2010 Institute of Museum and Library Services 21st Century Librarian program grant to the Nebraska Library Commission.

A brief history of eBooks and eReaders. This material was created as part of the 2010 Institute of Museum and Library Services 21st Century Librarian program grant to the Nebraska Library Commission.

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  • My name is Michael and I’m an eBook Curmudgen
  • Mine’s autographed. Oh yeah, autograph my Kindle Mr. Bova!
  • “The principal components of electronic ink are millions of tiny microcapsules, about the diameter of a human hair. In one incarnation, each microcapsule contains positively charged white particles and negatively charged black particles suspended in a clear fluid. When a negative electric field is applied, the white particles move to the top of the microcapsule where they become visible to the user. This makes the surface appear white at that spot. At the same time, an opposite electric field pulls the black particles to the bottom of the microcapsules where they are hidden. By reversing this process, the black particles appear at the top of the capsule, which now makes the surface appear dark at that spot.”http://www.eink.com/technology/howitworks.html
  • Jenny Levine, Union Station
  • October 2008
  • Overdrive supportWiFiSome have touchscreen
  • iRiver StoryKoboSamsung PapyrusAsusDR-570 & DR-950Owen E1Cool-erViewsonic VEB-612Pocketbook 360Cybook OpusFoxIteSlickeGriver IDEOiRiver Digital Reader 800Paradigm Shift's EER-051D for just $130. 5-inch color screen, and packs an FM tuner along with the usual MP3 support, plus a photo viewer, 2GB of internal memory, an SD card slot for expansion, and support for most popular e-book formats.
  • Transcript

    • 1. eBooks & eReaders
      Michael SauersTechnology Innovation LibrarianNebraska Library Commission
    • 2. A brief history of eBooks
    • 3.
      • Started with the U.S. Constitution typed into a mainframe
      • 4. Now contains over 30,000 free e-texts in multiple DRM-free formats
      3
      1971: Project Gutenberg
    • 5.
      • Foresaw the current e-book readers
      • 6. Predicted the “end of publishing as we know it”
      4
      1989: Cyberbooks
    • 7.
      • The first “Personal Digital Assistant”
      • 8. “Newton Books”
      • 9. Suspended in 1998
      5
      1993: Apple Newton
    • 10.
      • Ergonomic, ambidextrous design, about the size of a paperback
      • 11. Weighs only 22 ounces
      • 12. Stores about 4,000 pages--the equivalent of 10 novels
      • 13. Speech-quality audio for documents published with audio content
      • 14. Long battery life--17 to 33 hours per charge
      6
      1999: Franklin EB-500 Rocket eBook
    • 15.
      • PC eBook reading software
      • 16. ClearType technology
      • 17. Annotations
      • 18. Pan & Zoom
      • 19. Highlighting
      • 20. Dictionary
      • 21. Battery life dependent on platform(desktop vs. laptop)
      7
      2000: Microsoft Reader
    • 22.
      • Mobipocket Reader software
      • 23. Download content over the air (OTA)
      • 24. Syncs with desktop
      • 25. Annotation
      • 26. Highlighting
      • 27. Dictionary
      • 28. Software compatible with devices other than the Treo
      8
      2002: Palm Trēo
    • 29.
      • Used in combination with Microsoft Reader software
      • 30. Promoted as a “reader” due to ability to easily convert screen to portrait mode
      9
      2002: TabletPC
    • 31.
      • First eInk-based device
      • 32. AAA batteries
      • 33. Available only in Japan
      10
      2004: Sony Libré
    • 34. Content is not drawn, but “charged”
      170 Pixels Per Inch (PPI)
      Newspaper quality
      Does not need power to hold a display, only to change it.
      What is "eInk"
    • 35. Sony CEO Howard Stringer introduces the Reader at CES 2006
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/zilpho/164291155/
    • 36.
      • Display
      eInk / non-backlit
      800x600 resolution
      Rotatable
      4-level grayscale
      Three text sizes
      • 64MB built in storage
      • 37. SD/Memory Stick card slot
      • 38. USB data transfer
      • 39. Approximately 7,500 page turns per charge
      • 40. Approx. 9oz
      eReader PRS-500
    • 41. http://www.flickr.com/photos/shifted/1240167805
    • 42. http://www.flickr.com/photos/shifted/2050405275/
    • 43.
      • Not an explicit eBook device
      • 44. Multiple reader software packages available
      Stanza
      Kindle
      Barnes & Noble
      eBook apps
      • Backlit non-eInk display
      16
      06/2007: iPod Touch / iPhone
    • 45. 12/2007: Sony PRS-505
      • Minor improvements over the PRS-500
      8 levels of grayscale
      Redesigned controls
      Additional memory card slot
    • 46.
      • 6” screen
      • 47. 200-title storage
      • 48. Download wirelessly via “whispernet” (EVDO)
      • 49. QWERTY Keyboard
      • 50. Ability to add notes to text
      • 51. Basic Web access
      18
      12/2007: Amazon Kindle
    • 52.
    • 53.
      • Redesigned controls
      • 54. WiFi added
      • 55. 1500-title storage
      • 56. 16 levels of grayscape
      • 57. 20% faster page refresh
      • 58. Text-to-speech option
      • 59. 9.1mm thick
      20
      02/2009: Kindle 2
    • 60.
      • 9.7” screen
      • 61. Automatic screen rotation
      • 62. 8.5mm thick
      • 63. 3500-title storage
      • 64. Designed for text-book market
      21
      06/2009: Kindle DX
    • 65. 08/2009: Sony PRS-300/600/900
      Pocket Edition
      Daily Edition
      Touch Edition
    • 66.
      • 6” eInk display and 3.5” color control display
      • 67. 12.1oz
      • 68. Android 1.5
      • 69. User replaceable battery
      • 70. Can share a book once with another person for up to two weeks
      23
      11/2009: Barnes & Noble Nook
    • 71.
      • iBooks app included
      • 72. Kindle app available
      • 73. “text-to-voice” via VoiceOver
      • 74. 1.5lbs
      • 75. 9.7” backlit glossy screen
      • 76. Automatic screen rotation
      • 77. WiFi and/or 3G
      • 78. 9+ hours of battery life depending on Internet connectivity used
      04/2010: Apple iPad
    • 79. 25
      11/2010: Barnes & Noble Nook Color
    • 86.
    • 87. 27
      11/2011: Kindle Fire
    • 94. ePub
      • .epub
      • 95. Most common standard
      • 96. Supported by nearly every device except the Kindle
      • 97. DRM can be added to it
      • 98. Adobe DRM most common form of DRM used for ePub (.acsm)
      28
      eBook File Formats
      Mobipocket
      • .mobi
      • 99. Supported by many platforms
      • 100. Main format for use on the Kindle
      • 101. DRM can be added to it
      Kindle
    • Michael Sauers
      msauers@nlc.state.ne.us
      http://travelinlibrarian.info/
      http://delicious.com/travelinlibrarian/ebooks
      Thank You!

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