Nate revolution new

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Nate revolution new

  1. 1. What ledWhat led t o t he writ ing oft o t he writ ing of t het he DeclarationDeclaration OfOf IndependenceIndependence and t heand t he RevolutionaryRevolutionary War?War?
  2. 2. French and I ndian WarFrench and I ndian War • Br it ain helpedBr it ain helped colonist s def eatcolonist s def eat French in warFrench in war • Br it ain neededBr it ain needed money t o pay f or warmoney t o pay f or war expensesexpenses • Taxed colonist s,Taxed colonist s, rest r ict edrest r ict ed set t lement s andset t lement s and limit ed self -govt .limit ed self -govt .
  3. 3. Spain’s role in t he Fr ench andSpain’s role in t he Fr ench and I ndian War (1756 -1763)I ndian War (1756 -1763) • Br it ain def eat s France and Spain inBr it ain def eat s France and Spain in French and I ndian WarFrench and I ndian War • Spain, Fr ance want revengeSpain, Fr ance want revenge • Bourbon Family act of 1762, SpainBourbon Family act of 1762, Spain and Fr ance became Alliesand Fr ance became Allies • 1762 Fr ance gives Louisiana t o1762 Fr ance gives Louisiana t o SpainSpain
  4. 4. Sugar Act and St amp Act (1764,Sugar Act and St amp Act (1764, 1765)1765) • Br it ish t axed colonist sBr it ish t axed colonist s on many of t he goodson many of t he goods coming int o t he coloniescoming int o t he colonies f r om ot her placesf r om ot her places • Br it ish imposed t axesBr it ish imposed t axes upon all paper pr oduct supon all paper pr oduct s and st amped t he it emand st amped t he it em once t he t ax had beenonce t he t ax had been payedpayed
  5. 5. “No Taxat ion Wit hout Represent at ion! ”
  6. 6. Daught ers of Libert yDaught ers of Libert y • MadeMade homespunhomespun, a type of fabric, a type of fabric spun at homespun at home • Still active as “Daughters of theStill active as “Daughters of the American Revolution” todayAmerican Revolution” today • If I have girls, they will be DARIf I have girls, they will be DAR
  7. 7. Famous DARsFamous DARs
  8. 8. DARs not always good…DARs not always good…
  9. 9. Ben Franklin at Parliament ,Ben Franklin at Parliament , 17661766 Q. Do the Americans pay anyQ. Do the Americans pay any considerable taxes among themselves?considerable taxes among themselves? A.A. Certainly many, and very heavy taxes.Certainly many, and very heavy taxes. Q. Are not the colonies, from their circumstances, very able to pay theQ. Are not the colonies, from their circumstances, very able to pay the stamp duty?stamp duty? A.A. In my opinion there is not gold and silver enough in the coloniesIn my opinion there is not gold and silver enough in the colonies toto pay the stamp duty for one year.pay the stamp duty for one year. Q. What used to be the pride of the Americans?Q. What used to be the pride of the Americans? A.A. To indulge in the fashions and manufactures of Great Britain.To indulge in the fashions and manufactures of Great Britain. Q. What is now their pride?Q. What is now their pride? A. To wear their old clothes over again, till they can make new ones.A. To wear their old clothes over again, till they can make new ones.
  10. 10. Bost on Massacre, 1770Bost on Massacre, 1770
  11. 11. Bost on MassacreBost on Massacre
  12. 12. Bost on MassacreBost on Massacre
  13. 13. ““Give Me Libert y, or Give MeGive Me Libert y, or Give Me Deat h!”Deat h!” -Patrick Henry, 1775-Patrick Henry, 1775
  14. 14. Bost on Tea Part yBost on Tea Part y
  15. 15. Bost on Tea Part y, 1773Bost on Tea Part y, 1773 • Colonists dressed up as Indians,Colonists dressed up as Indians, boarded a boat, threw 342 chests ofboarded a boat, threw 342 chests of tea into the watertea into the water • MostMost iconiciconic moment of Americanmoment of American revolutionrevolution
  16. 16. Bost on Tea Part y, 1773Bost on Tea Part y, 1773
  17. 17. Bost on Three Part yBost on Three Part y
  18. 18. Tea Part y Movement , 2010Tea Part y Movement , 2010 • Obama a Muslim, born in KenyaObama a Muslim, born in Kenya • Against socialist policiesAgainst socialist policies • Very, very, right wingVery, very, right wing • Big rallies for supportBig rallies for support • 9 congressional Tea Party candidates9 congressional Tea Party candidates will probably winwill probably win
  19. 19. Tea Part y Movement , 2010Tea Part y Movement , 2010
  20. 20. Tea Part y Movement , 2010Tea Part y Movement , 2010
  21. 21. King GeorgeKing George IIIIII passes t hepasses t he “I nt olerable Act s”“I nt olerable Act s” • The Royal NavyThe Royal Navy blockades t he Bost onblockades t he Bost on Har bor so no colonialHar bor so no colonial goods could be sentgoods could be sent out unt il t ea was paidout unt il t ea was paid f or.f or. • Colonist s had t oColonist s had t o quart er t he Brit ishquart er t he Brit ish soldiers.soldiers. • The King assignedThe King assigned Br it ish Gener al GageBr it ish Gener al Gage
  22. 22. First Cont inent al Congress meet s in Philadelphia
  23. 23. First Cont inent al Congress meet s in Philadelphia • Considered Boycott of British goodsConsidered Boycott of British goods • Left Georgia out, “convict state”Left Georgia out, “convict state” • Planned “Second ContinentalPlanned “Second Continental Congress”Congress”
  24. 24. Conf lict at Lexingt on andConf lict at Lexingt on and ConcordConcord •Br it ish Gener al Gage learns of hidden weapons in Concord
  25. 25. Conf lict at Lexingt on andConf lict at Lexingt on and ConcordConcord •“One if by land, t wo if by sea”
  26. 26. Paul Revere’s RidePaul Revere’s Ride List en my children and you shall hear Of t he midnight ride of Paul Revere, On t he eight eent h of April, in Sevent y- f ive; Hardly a man is now alive Who remembers t hat f amous day and year.
  27. 27. Second Cont inent alSecond Cont inent al CongressCongressRepresent at ives brought money t o help est ablish t he cont inent al army Creat ed t he Declarat ion of I ndependence
  28. 28. Who was involved?Who was involved? • Benj amin FranklinBenj amin Franklin • J ohn HancockJ ohn Hancock • ThomasThomas J ef f ersonJ ef f erson
  29. 29. The Declaration of IndependenceThe Declaration of Independence When, in the course of human events, it becomesWhen, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bandsnecessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assumewhich have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equalamong the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature's Godstation to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankindentitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impelrequires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.them to the separation. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men areWe hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creatorcreated equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these arewith certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
  30. 30. Were All Men Equal?Were All Men Equal? •Thomas J ef f erson had hundreds of slaves •He had 16 children wit h one of his slaves, Sally Hemmings •Yet he wrot e t hathe wrot e t hat “all men are creat ed“all men are creat ed equal”equal”
  31. 31. Sally HemmingsSally Hemmings
  32. 32. ““So KingSo King George canGeorge can see it !”see it !”
  33. 33. Ot her cont ent s of t heOt her cont ent s of t he DecOf I nDecOf I n • ““He has kept among us, in times ofHe has kept among us, in times of peace, standing armies without thepeace, standing armies without the consent of our legislature.”consent of our legislature.” • We, therefore, the representatives of theWe, therefore, the representatives of the United States of America…solemnlyUnited States of America…solemnly publish and declare, that these unitedpublish and declare, that these united colonies are, and of right ought to becolonies are, and of right ought to be free and independent statesfree and independent states
  34. 34. The WarThe War
  35. 35. LoyalistLoyalist StrongholdsStrongholds
  36. 36. Spain’s Role in the WarSpain’s Role in the War Money: 2 million livres, plus war materials King Carlos III's August 17, 1780 Royal Order asking Spanish and Indian males in the Americas to donate two dollars/one dollar Congress couldn’t tax to raise money for the Continental Army. Poor training [until the arrival of Baron von Steuben.
  37. 37. Roderique Hortalez etRoderique Hortalez et CieCieFake company, based out of Paris, brought money and leaders to the US Baron F. W. Augustus von Steuben Casimir Pulaski Thaddeus Kosciuszko
  38. 38. Von SteubenVon Steuben Taught poorly trained soldiers military discipline Led Armies in the south Still popular today as first famous homosexual in the military, (Don’t Ask Don’t Tell)
  39. 39. Casimir PulaskiCasimir Pulaski Died in battle of Savannah Also Armies in the south Casimir Pulaski Day a big regional holiday Subject of famous song “Casimir Pulaski Day” by Sufjan Stevens Honorary American Citizen (1 of 7)
  40. 40. Thaddeus KosciuskoThaddeus Kosciusko Close friend of Thomas Jefferson Commanded armies in the North and South Left his money in his will to buy the freedom of Thomas Jefferson’s slaves
  41. 41. Washington Crossing the DelawareWashington Crossing the Delaware Painted by Emanuel Leutze, 1851

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