Ww1through postersandcartoons

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Ww1through postersandcartoons

  1. 1. Ms. Susan PojerMs. Susan PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua,Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua,NYNY
  2. 2. The Most Famous RecruitmentThe Most Famous RecruitmentPosterPoster
  3. 3. Uncle Sam—He the Man!Uncle Sam—He the Man!
  4. 4. Don’t Mess with the U. S.Don’t Mess with the U. S.
  5. 5. ““Huns Kill Women andHuns Kill Women andChildren!”Children!”
  6. 6. The “Little Soldier”The “Little Soldier”
  7. 7. World WarI AmericanWorld WarI American“Anthem”“Anthem”
  8. 8. Johnnie get your gun, get your gun,Johnnie get your gun, get your gun,get your gun,get your gun,Take it on the run, on the run, onTake it on the run, on the run, onthe run,the run,Hear them calling you and me,Hear them calling you and me,Every son of liberty.Every son of liberty.Hurry right away, no delay, goHurry right away, no delay, gotoday,today,Make your daddy glad to have hadMake your daddy glad to have hadsuch a lad,such a lad,Tell your sweetheart not to pine,Tell your sweetheart not to pine,To be proud her boys in line.To be proud her boys in line.
  9. 9. Over there, over thereOver there, over thereSend the word, send the word overSend the word, send the word overtherethereThat the Yanks are coming, theThat the Yanks are coming, theYanks are coming,Yanks are coming,The drums rum-tumming everywhereThe drums rum-tumming everywhereSo prepare, say a prayerSo prepare, say a prayerSend the word, send the word toSend the word, send the word tobewarebewareWell be over, were coming over,Well be over, were coming over,And we wont come back till itsAnd we wont come back till itsover, over there!over, over there!
  10. 10. Johnnie get your gun, get your gun,Johnnie get your gun, get your gun,get your gun,get your gun,Johnnie show the Hun youre a sonJohnnie show the Hun youre a sonof a gun,of a gun,Hoist the flag and let her fly,Hoist the flag and let her fly,Yankee Doodle do or die.Yankee Doodle do or die.Pack your little kit, show your grit,Pack your little kit, show your grit,do your bit,do your bit,Yankees to the ranks from the townsYankees to the ranks from the townsand the tanks,and the tanks,Make your momma proud of youMake your momma proud of youAnd the old RedAnd the old Red WhiteWhite andand BlueBlue..
  11. 11. The Spirit of ’76’The Spirit of ’76’
  12. 12. Over there, over thereOver there, over thereSend the word, send the word overSend the word, send the word overtherethereThat the Yanks are coming, theThat the Yanks are coming, theYanks are coming,Yanks are coming,The drums rum-tumming everywhereThe drums rum-tumming everywhereSo prepare, say a prayerSo prepare, say a prayerSend the word, send the word toSend the word, send the word tobewarebewareWell be over, were coming over,Well be over, were coming over,And we wont come back till itsAnd we wont come back till itsover, over there!over, over there!
  13. 13. 1917 – Selective Service Act1917 – Selective Service Act24,000,000 men registered forthe draft by the end of 1918.4,800,000 men served in WW1(2,000,000 saw active combat).400,000 African-Americansserved in segregated units.15,000 Native-Americans servedas scouts, messengers, andsnipers in non-segregated units.
  14. 14. Council of NationalCouncil of NationalDefenseDefenseWar Industries Board –Bernard BaruchFood Administration –Herbert HooverRailroad Administration –William McAdooNational War Labor Board –W. H.Taft & Frank P. Walsh
  15. 15. U. S. Food AdministrationU. S. Food Administration
  16. 16. U. S. Food AdministrationU. S. Food Administration
  17. 17. U. S. Food AdministrationU. S. Food Administration
  18. 18. National WarGarden CommissionNational WarGarden Commission
  19. 19. U. S. School Garden ArmyU. S. School Garden Army
  20. 20. U. S. Shipping BoardU. S. Shipping Board
  21. 21. U. S. Fuel AdministrationU. S. Fuel Administration
  22. 22. U. S. Fuel AdministrationU. S. Fuel Administration
  23. 23. Results of This NewResults of This NewOrganization of the Economy?Organization of the Economy?1. Unemployment virtuallydisappeared.2. Expansion of “big government.”3. Excessive govt. regulations in eco.4. Some gross mismanagement overlapping jurisdictions.5. Close cooperation between publicand private sectors.6. Unprecedented opportunities fordisadvantaged groups.
  24. 24. YWCA – The Blue TriangleYWCA – The Blue Triangle
  25. 25. Munitions WorkMunitions Work
  26. 26. The Girls They Left Behind DoThe Girls They Left Behind DoTheirBit!TheirBit!
  27. 27. Women Used In RecruitmentWomen Used In RecruitmentHello, BigBoy!Hello, BigBoy!
  28. 28. Even Grandma Buys LibertyEven Grandma Buys LibertyBondsBonds
  29. 29. The Red Cross - GreatestThe Red Cross - GreatestMotherin the WorldMotherin the World
  30. 30. The Red Cross NurseThe Red Cross Nurse
  31. 31. National League forWoman’sNational League forWoman’sServiceService
  32. 32. Opportunities forOpportunities forAfrican-Americans in WW1African-Americans in WW1“Great Migration.”1916 – 1919  70,000War industries work.Enlistment in segregatedunits.
  33. 33. True Sons of FreedomTrue Sons of Freedom
  34. 34. For“Colored” Men inFor“Colored” Men inServiceService
  35. 35. African-Americans on a TroopAfrican-Americans on a TroopShip Headed forFranceShip Headed forFrance
  36. 36. ““Rescuing a Negro During theRescuing a Negro During theRace Riots in Chicago”, 1919Race Riots in Chicago”, 1919
  37. 37. The “Flag of Liberty”The “Flag of Liberty”Represents All of Us!Represents All of Us!
  38. 38. We are ALL Americans!We are ALL Americans!
  39. 39. United WarWorkCampaignUnited WarWorkCampaign
  40. 40. American Committee forAmerican Committee forRelief in the NearEastRelief in the NearEast
  41. 41. The Committee of PublicThe Committee of PublicInformation (George Creel)Information (George Creel)America’s “PropagandaMinister?”Anti-Germanism.Selling American Culture.
  42. 42. ““RememberBelgium”RememberBelgium”
  43. 43. The “Mad Brute”The “Mad Brute”
  44. 44. Beat Backthe “Hun”Beat Backthe “Hun”
  45. 45. The “Menace of the Seas”The “Menace of the Seas”
  46. 46. Creel Commission FilmCreel Commission Film
  47. 47. Government Excess & ThreatsGovernment Excess & Threatsto the Civil Liberties ofto the Civil Liberties ofAmericansAmericans1. Espionage ActEspionage Act – 1917- forbade actions thatobstructed recruitment orefforts to promoteinsubordination in the military.- ordered the Postmaster Generalto remove Leftist materialsfrom the mail.- fines of up to $10,000 and/orup to 20 years in prison.
  48. 48. Government Excess & ThreatsGovernment Excess & Threatsto the Civil Liberties ofto the Civil Liberties ofAmericansAmericans2. Sedition ActSedition Act – 1918- it was a crime to speak against thepurchase of war bonds or willfullyutter, print, write or publish anydisloyal, profane, scurrilous, orabusive language about this form of USGovt., the US Constitution, or the USarmed forces or to willfully urge, incite,or advocate any curtailment ofproduction of things necessary oressential to the prosecution of thewar…with intent of such curtailment tocripple or hinder, the US in theprosecution of the war.
  49. 49. Government Excess & ThreatsGovernment Excess & Threatsto the Civil Liberties of Americansto the Civil Liberties of Americans3. Schenck v. USSchenck v. US – 1919- in ordinary times the mailing of theleaflets would have been protected by the1stAmendment.- BUT, every act of speech must be judgedacc. to the circumstances in which it wasspoken.-The most stringent protection of freespeech would not protect a man in falselyshouting fire in a theater and causing apanic. [Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes]- If an act of speech posed a clear andpresent danger, then Congress hadthe power to restrain such speech.
  50. 50. Government Excess & ThreatsGovernment Excess & Threatsto the Civil Liberties ofto the Civil Liberties ofAmericansAmericans4. Abrams v. USAbrams v. US – 1919- majority ruling --> cited Holmes’“Clear and present danger” doctrine.- Holmes & Brandeis dissented:The best test of truth is thepower of the thought to getitself accepted in the competitionof the market, denying that a“silly leaflet” published by an“unknown man” constituted such adanger.
  51. 51. Government Excess & ThreatsGovernment Excess & Threatsto the Civil Liberties ofto the Civil Liberties ofAmericansAmericans5. Post-war labor unrest: Coal Miners Strike of1919. Steel Strike of 1919. Boston Police Strike of1919.
  52. 52. Anti-LaborAnti-Labor““If Capital & Labor Don’t Pull Together”If Capital & Labor Don’t Pull Together”–– Chicago TribuneChicago Tribune
  53. 53. Consequences of LaborUnrestConsequences of LaborUnrest““While We Rock the Boat” –While We Rock the Boat” – Washington TimesWashington Times
  54. 54. Coal Miners’ Strike - 1919Coal Miners’ Strike - 1919““Keeping Warm” –Keeping Warm” – Los Angeles TimesLos Angeles Times
  55. 55. Steel Strike - 1919Steel Strike - 1919““Coming Out of the Smoke” –Coming Out of the Smoke” – New York WorldNew York World
  56. 56. The “Red Scare”The “Red Scare”““What a Year Has Brought Forth” –What a Year Has Brought Forth” – NY WorldNY World
  57. 57. ““Red Scare” -- Anti-Red Scare” -- Anti-BolshevismBolshevism““Put Them Out & Keep Them Out” –Put Them Out & Keep Them Out” –Philadelphia InquirerPhiladelphia Inquirer
  58. 58. Boston Police Strike - 1919Boston Police Strike - 1919““He gives aid & comfort to the enemies ofHe gives aid & comfort to the enemies ofsociety” –society” – Chicago TribuneChicago Tribune
  59. 59. Boston Police Strike - 1919Boston Police Strike - 1919““Striking Back” –Striking Back” – New York Evening WorldNew York Evening World
  60. 60. Government Excess & ThreatsGovernment Excess & Threatsto the Civil Liberties ofto the Civil Liberties ofAmericansAmericans 1919 - 3rd. Internationalgoal --> promote worldwidecommunism. Attorney General, A. Mitchell Palmer(The Case Against the Reds) Palmer Raids - 19206. “The Red Scare”:
  61. 61. Congressman VictorBergerCongressman VictorBerger(WI)(WI)You got nothing out of the war except theflu and Prohibition.
  62. 62. Police Arrest “Suspected Reds’ in Chicago, 1920Police Arrest “Suspected Reds’ in Chicago, 1920““RedRed Scare” – PalmerRaidsScare” – PalmerRaids
  63. 63. ““RedRed Scare” – PalmerRaidsScare” – PalmerRaidsA. Mitchell Palmer’s Home Bombed, 1920A. Mitchell Palmer’s Home Bombed, 1920
  64. 64. The 1920 ElectionThe 1920 Election

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