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Poetry PowerPoint

Poetry PowerPoint






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    Poetry PowerPoint Poetry PowerPoint Presentation Transcript

    • The Language of Literature
      • POETRY
    • Poets on Poetry
      • “ Poetry is emotion put into measure. The emotion must come by nature, but the measure can be acquired by art.” ~Thomas Hardy
      • “ Immature poets imitate; mature poets steal.” ~ T S Eliot
      • “ Perhaps no person can be a poet, or can even enjoy poetry, without a certain unsoundness of mind.” ~ Thomas Babington Macaulay
    • Misconceptions About Poetry
      • Poetry is just for girls.
      • Poetry always rhymes.
      • Poetry is about weird and stupid things.
      • Poetry doesn’t make any sense.
      • Poetry is something we HAVE to do.
      • A lot of poetry is about love and death.
      • Poetry uses weird language.
      • Poetry isn’t about anything I like.
      • I can NOT write poetry!
    • What is Poetry?
      • Poetry – an imaginative response to an experience reflecting a keen awareness of language.
      • There are many elements used in writing effective poetry.
    • Language in Poetry
      • Two Types:
        • Figurative – language used to create a special effect in feeling; characterized by figures of speech or language that compares, exaggerates, or words that mean something other than its literal meaning.
        • Literal – The exact primary meaning of a word or words.
      • Speaker – the person who speaks in or narrates a poem.
      • The speaker and writer are NOT necessarily the same person.
    • THEME
      • Theme – a statement about life that a particular work is trying to get across to the reader.
      • Theme = Main Idea
      • Diction – an author’s choice of words based on their correctness, clarity (clear), or effectiveness.
      • Some words are purposely chosen to represent ideas, not to come right out and say them.
      • Imagery – words or phrases a writer selects to create a certain picture in the mind; based on sensory detail.
      • Imagery uses descriptive words to evoke the five senses.
      • Meter and rhythm describe patterned repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry.
      • The meter and rhythm of a poem creates a beat.
      • Verse – metric line of poetry names according to the kind and number of feet composing it.
      • Refrain – repetition of a line or phrase of a poem at regular intervals, especially at the end of a stanza (chorus).
    • STANZA
      • Stanza – a division of poetry named for the number of lines it contains.
      • When you see a space between lines in a poem, that means a new stanza is beginning.
    • RHYME
      • Rhyme – similarity or likeness of sound existing between two words.
        • T op = Top
        • St op = Stop
      • End Rhyme – rhyming words that appear at the ends of two or more lines of poetry.
        • I do not like green eggs and ham.
        • I do not like them Sam I am.
      • Internal Rhyme – occurs when rhyming words appear in the same line of poetry.
        • The rain in Spain falls mainly on the plain.
      • Rhyme Scheme – the pattern or sequence in which rhyme sounds occur in a stanza or poem.
      • To label a rhyme scheme, a similar letter is assigned to each pair of rhyming sounds in a stanza.
      • Sonnet 18 by William Shakespeare
      • Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? A
      • Though are more lovely and temperate: B
      • Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, A
      • And summer’s lease hath all to short a date. B
      • Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines C
      • And often is his gold complexion dimmed; D
      • And every fair from fair sometimes declines C
      • By chance or nature's changing course untrimmed. D
        • The rhyme scheme is ABAB CDCD
      • Alliteration – repetition of initial consonant sounds in words.
        • She sells sea shells down by the seashore.
      • Assonance – repetition of vowel sounds without the repetition of consonant sounds.
        • How now brown cow.
    • SIMILE
      • Simile – comparison of two unlike things using the words “like” or “as.”
        • He acts like an animal when he eats!
      • Metaphor – comparison of two unlike things NOT using “like” or “as.”
        • He is an animal when he eats!
      • Personification – giving human qualities to non-human objects.
        • The wind whispered through the trees.
        • The sun smiled down on the earth.
        • The flag waved at us.
        • The statue stared at us.
      • Onomatopoeia – the use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning.
      • Hyperbole – The use of exaggeration for a heightened effect.
      • Allusion – an indirect reference to art, literature, history, etc. that the author expects the reader to recognize.
      • Symbolism – the use of a person, place, or thing or an event used to represent something else. Symbol – the use of a concrete object to represent something abstract.
      • Paradox – an apparent contradiction which is somehow true.
      • Oxymoron – a paradox where two successive words (side by side) seemingly contradict each other.
      • Metonymy – the substitution of a term naming an object closely associated with the word in mind for the word itself.
      • Limerick – a short funny poem that follows certain rules: AABBA rhyme scheme. Lines 1, 2, 5 have 8-10 syllables. Lines 3, 4 have 5 syllables. Common limericks use the name of a place at the end of the first line.
      • There once was a lady from France. Who went to an old fashioned dance. She dances really quick. And did a neat trick. But she left with a hole in her pants.
      • CINQUAIN Cinquain (“sin-kane) – five line poem with definite requirements for each line. Line 1: One word – what the poem is about (noun). Line 2: Two words – words that describe the word in line 1 (adjectives). Line 3: Three words – actions associated with the word in line 1; what it does (verbs in the same form) Line 4: Four Words – Words that express thought or feeling about the word in line 1; words that make a statement about the word in line 1 (NOT A COMPLETE SENTENCE) Line 5: One word – Another word for the word in line 1; or a word that tells how you feel about the word in line 1 (noun)
      • Mice Little, quiet Running, crawling, jumping Eat holes in furniture Demons
      • Diamante – seven-line poem with definite requirements. Line 1: One word (noun that has an opposite) Line 2: Two words (two adjectives describing the noun) Line 3: Three words (three participles – words ending in –ing or –ed) Line 4: Four words (two nouns related to the word in line 1 and two nouns that are opposite of the first two) Line 5: Three words (three participles indicating change or development of the subject ending in –ing or –ed) Line 6: Two words (two adjectives carrying on the idea of change or development) Line 7: One word (noun that is opposite of line 1)
      • Fire Red, hot Burning, scalding, blistering Heat, flames – frost, freezer Cooling, soothing, refreshing Cold, chilly Ice Notice the diamond shape of the poem.
    • BALLAD
      • Simple narrative poem. Presents a single dramatic episode. Very little characterization, description, or motivation. Story told through action and dialogue. Deals with subjects such as adventure, love, jealousy, heroism, disaster, or revenge. Four-line stanzas. Usually meant to be sung. Usually ABCB rhyme scheme. Often 8 syllables in lines 1 and 3 and 6 syllables in lines 2 and 4. Usually has a refrain – ending of a stanza or separate stanza that is repeated.
    • HAIKU
      • Haiku – traditional form of Japanese poetry composed of three lines. Haiku is used to capture a moment, express a feeling, and/or celebrate some phase or element of nature. 1 Line – 5 syllables 1 Line – 7 syllables 1 Line – 5 syllables These lines can be in any order.
      • Whoppers sitting on a plate, Aroma so sweet, The thrill of eating.