By the end of this presentation you will be able to…• Understand what ‘imagery’ is• Identify the images poets use in their poems• Understand the relationship between poetic techniques and imagery• Begin to analyse why imagery is used in protest poetry• Demonstrate your understanding of imagery by completing your own example
• What is it?Words create pictures in your mind• How does it work?SymbolsMetaphors and similesDetailed descriptionsPersonificationHow many of these poetic techniques are you familiar with?What are some of the other poetic techniques you can think of?
• Why would a poet use it?Transports reader (time or place)Reader experiences the poem’s actionReader experiences emotional reaction If you can see it, you believe it!
What images do our poets use?‘Nothing’s Changed’ (Afrika): Small round hard stones click under my heels, seeding grasses thrust bearded seeds into trouser cuffs, cans, trodden on, crunch in tall, purple-flowering, amiable weeds.
What images do our poet’s use?WHAT do we imagine?Harsh landscapeLandscape intruding on peopleForgotten landscape
What images do our poet’s use?HOW does the poet make us imaginethese things?Seeing and touching the landscape throughDescriptive detail:small round hard stonesbearded seedstrodden on canspurple flowering, amiable weeds
What images do our poet’s use?HOW does the poet make us imaginethese things?Hearing the sounds of the landscape throughOnomatopoeia:clickcrunch
What images do our poet’s use?HOW does the poet make us imaginethese things?Feeling impacted upon by the landscape thoroughActive verb:thrustSymbolism:hard stonesFeeling empathy for the landscape throughPersonification:amiable weeds are littered with garbage (cans)
What images do our poet’s use?WHY would the poet want us to imagine these things?Transport us to physical time and place:South Africa, post ApartheidWhat do we know about post-Apartheid South Africa?• Districts which were bulldozed and forgotten about, used as dump sites• Groups of people who were forgotten about• People were responsible for decimation of landscape and ethnic groups
What images do our poet’s use?WHY would the poet want us to imagine these things?Feeling emotion:• Being forgotten• Being downtrodden and harshly treated• Being devastated to see wasteland former home has become
What images do our poet’s use? The Protest?Country still in need of change, reparation after policy of Apartheid ends.Looking beyond the policy change to actual effects on displaced people.
Let’s do the next one together!Steps:1. What is the image in the text?2. How is the image being created?3. Why would the poet use this image?
‘A Piece of Sky Without Bombs’ (Lam Thi My Da) At night your soul pours down, bright as the stars.
WHAT are the elements of the image? What does the ‘soul’ look like?• Night sky• Bright stars• Light shining on the earth Now use Google Images (www.google.com) to find a picture containing these elements which you can use to help you imagine what the ‘soul’ in the poem looks like.
HOW is the image being created?Simile:Comparing something to something else using ‘like’ or ‘as’.The soul is being compared to bright stars in the night sky Let’s make a list as a class: What qualities does this give the ‘soul’?
WHY would the poet use this image?Let’s discuss as a class: Why would the poet want us to connect a ‘soul’ (something from the afterlife) with ‘stars’ (something we can see)?Connecting our world (stars) with the afterlife(soul) gives us a way to maintain connectionwith the dead.
The Protest?Connecting our world (stars) with the afterlife(soul) gives us a way to maintain connectionwith the dead.Why is this important in the context ofthe Vietnam War? Discuss this in small groups of 3.HINT: Think about what you learnt about:• number of civilians killed in Vietnam• attempts made to ‘forget’ the War (at the time and for decades afterwards)
Its your turn! In pairs, complete this table for a second image in this poem using the same steps: HINT: Think about the elements ofCould it be that when we passed that day, the image whichit was not the sun but your heart breaking through? are highlighted in red for you!WHAT is the image? Think about HINT: Use Google poetic techniques Images likePicture you have found to represent this What metaphors, persoimage emotion, action, nification, symbol time or place is ism etcHOW is the image created? the Thinktrying poet about to get you have what us to experience? learnt aboutWHY would the poet use this image? the context of the poem and poetHow does this connect to what the poetis protesting about?