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Introduction to poetry

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introduction to poetry. Types of poem

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Introduction to poetry

  1. 1.  Poetry - A type of writing that uses language to express imaginative and emotional qualities instead of or in addition to meaning.  Poetry may be written as individual poems or included in other written forms as in dramatic poetry, hymns, or song lyrics.
  2. 2.  Length  Visual impressions  Concentrated, intense language that makes deliberate sound effects which can involve rhythm, rhyme, or other sounds  Written in lines and stanzas rather than sentences or paragraphs  (Deeper) Meaning is gleaned from understanding the use of metaphor, symbol, imagery, etc.
  3. 3.  Lines - a single line of poetry.  Stanzas - a group of lines set off from the other lines in a poem; the poetic equivalent of a paragraph in prose. In traditional poems, the stanza usually contains a unit of thought, much like a paragraph.  Tercet  The winged seeds, where they lie cold and low, Each like a corpse within its grave, until Thine azure sister of the Spring shall blow  Punctuation – used for emphasis  Structure of images / symbols within the poem  Watch for colors, patterns, figurative language **DICTION
  4. 4. Connotation Denotation SnakeSnake evil or danger any of numerousany of numerous scaly, legless,scaly, legless, sometimessometimes venomous reptiles;venomous reptiles; having a long,having a long, tapering,tapering, cylindrical bodycylindrical body and found in mostand found in most tropical andtropical and temperate regionstemperate regions
  5. 5. An Epic Poem is a long story told in verse which tells the great deeds of a hero. Example: The Odyssey by Homer An Epic Poem is a long story told in verse which tells the great deeds of a hero. Example: The Odyssey by Homer
  6. 6. Narrative Poem is a poem that tells a story. Example: T’was the Night Before Christmas by Clement C. Moore
  7. 7. Verse Fable is a brief story told in verse that illustrates a moral and features human-like animals, plants, objects, or forces of nature.
  8. 8. A Boy Cries Wolf Once there was a foolish boy Whose job it was to guard some sheep         In case a hungry wolf might come         To pounce upon them in their sleep. The owners told him: If a wolf Should come, be sure to give a cry         So we can come and save the sheep         And give that wolf a swift goodbye. The foolish boy grew bored one night, And cried out Wolf! Wolf! just for jokes,         And farmers came from far and wide,         But left disgusted by his hoax. But then at midnight that boy spied A savage wolf about to strike,          Wolf! Wolf! he screamed, but no one came         And sheep and shepherd died alike. MORAL: Those who enjoy making fools of others often make fools of themselves. from the book Aesop's Best: 80 Fables in Verse by William Cleary
  9. 9. Lyric Poetry portrays the poet's own feelings, states of mind, ideas, and perceptions.
  10. 10. Acrostic poems use letter patterns to create multiple messages Example: When the first letters of lines read downward form a separate phrase or word.
  11. 11. Energetic Rowdy Irritating Clown -Mrs. Chi, 2/08
  12. 12. Metaphor is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, in which one thing becomes another without the use of the words like, as, than, or resembles.
  13. 13. Love is a rose.
  14. 14. Simile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using words such as like, as, than, or resembles. Example: My love is like a red, red rose. - Robert Burns Simile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using words such as like, as, than, or resembles. Example: My love is like a red, red rose. - Robert Burns
  15. 15. Onomatopeia is the use of a word or words whose sound imitates its meaning. Examples: crackle, pop, fizz, click, chirp
  16. 16. Alliteration occurs when a series of words in a row (or close to a row) have the same first consonant sound. For example, “She sells sea-shells down by the sea-short” or “Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers” are both alliterative phrases.
  17. 17. Rhythm is the actual sound that results from a line of poetry.
  18. 18. Rhyme is the placement of identical or similar sounds at the ends of lines or at predictable locations within lines.
  19. 19. Poetry is separated into lines on a page. Lines may be based on the number of metrical feet, or may stress a rhyme pattern at the ends of lines.
  20. 20. Stanzas are groups of lines in a poem which are named by the number of lines included.  Two lines is a couplet.  Three lines is a triplet or tercet.  Four lines is a quatrain.  Five lines is a quintain or cinquain.  Six lines is a sestet.  Eight lines is an octet.

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