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 Poetry - A type of writing that uses
language to express imaginative and
emotional qualities instead of or in
addition to meaning.
 Poetry may be written as individual
poems or included in other written
forms as in dramatic poetry, hymns, or
song lyrics.
 Length
 Visual impressions
 Concentrated, intense language that makes
deliberate sound effects which can involve
rhythm, rhyme, or other sounds
 Written in lines and stanzas rather than
sentences or paragraphs
 (Deeper) Meaning is gleaned from
understanding the use of metaphor, symbol,
imagery, etc.
 Lines - a single line of poetry.
 Stanzas - a group of lines set off from the other lines in a
poem; the poetic equivalent of a paragraph in prose. In
traditional poems, the stanza usually contains a unit of
thought, much like a paragraph.
 Tercet
 The winged seeds, where they lie cold and low,
Each like a corpse within its grave, until
Thine azure sister of the Spring shall blow
 Punctuation – used for emphasis
 Structure of images / symbols within the poem
 Watch for colors, patterns, figurative language
**DICTION
Connotation Denotation
SnakeSnake
evil or danger
any of numerousany of numerous
scaly, legless,scaly, legless,
sometimessometimes
venomous reptiles;venomous reptiles;
having a long,having a long,
tapering,tapering,
cylindrical bodycylindrical body
and found in mostand found in most
tropical andtropical and
temperate regionstemperate regions
An Epic Poem is a long story
told in verse which tells the
great deeds of a hero.
Example:
The Odyssey
by Homer
An Epic Poem is a long story
told in verse which tells the
great deeds of a hero.
Example:
The Odyssey
by Homer
Narrative Poem is a
poem that tells a story.
Example:
T’was the Night Before Christmas
by Clement C. Moore
Verse Fable is a brief story told
in verse that illustrates a
moral and features human-like
animals, plants, objects, or
forces of nature.
A Boy Cries Wolf
Once there was a foolish boy
Whose job it was to guard some sheep
        In case a hungry wolf might come
        To pounce upon them in their sleep.
The owners told him: If a wolf
Should come, be sure to give a cry
        So we can come and save the sheep
        And give that wolf a swift goodbye.
The foolish boy grew bored one night,
And cried out Wolf! Wolf! just for jokes,
        And farmers came from far and wide,
        But left disgusted by his hoax.
But then at midnight that boy spied
A savage wolf about to strike,
         Wolf! Wolf! he screamed, but no one came
        And sheep and shepherd died alike.
MORAL: Those who enjoy making fools of others often
make fools of themselves.
from the book Aesop's Best: 80 Fables in Verse by William Cleary
Lyric Poetry portrays the
poet's own feelings, states
of mind, ideas, and
perceptions.
Acrostic poems use letter
patterns to create multiple
messages
Example:
When the first letters of lines
read downward form a
separate phrase or word.
Energetic
Rowdy
Irritating
Clown
-Mrs. Chi, 2/08
Metaphor is a figure of speech that
makes a comparison between two unlike
things, in which one thing becomes
another without the use of the words
like, as, than, or resembles.
Love is a rose.
Simile is a figure of speech that makes
a comparison between two unlike
things, using words such as like, as,
than, or resembles.
Example:
My love is like a red, red rose.
- Robert Burns
Simile is a figure of speech that makes
a comparison between two unlike
things, using words such as like, as,
than, or resembles.
Example:
My love is like a red, red rose.
- Robert Burns
Onomatopeia is the use of a
word or words whose sound
imitates its meaning.
Examples:
crackle, pop, fizz, click, chirp
Alliteration occurs when a series of
words in a row (or close to a row)
have the same first consonant sound.
For example, “She sells sea-shells
down by the sea-short” or “Peter
Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled
Peppers” are both alliterative
phrases.
Rhythm is the actual
sound that results from
a line of poetry.
Rhyme is the
placement of identical
or similar sounds at
the ends of lines or at
predictable locations
within lines.
Poetry is separated into
lines on a page. Lines may
be based on the number of
metrical feet, or may
stress a rhyme pattern at
the ends of lines.
Stanzas are groups of lines in a poem which
are named by the number of lines
included.
 Two lines is a couplet.
 Three lines is a triplet or tercet.
 Four lines is a quatrain.
 Five lines is a quintain or cinquain.
 Six lines is a sestet.
 Eight lines is an octet.
Introduction to poetry

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Introduction to poetry

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.  Poetry - A type of writing that uses language to express imaginative and emotional qualities instead of or in addition to meaning.  Poetry may be written as individual poems or included in other written forms as in dramatic poetry, hymns, or song lyrics.
  • 4.  Length  Visual impressions  Concentrated, intense language that makes deliberate sound effects which can involve rhythm, rhyme, or other sounds  Written in lines and stanzas rather than sentences or paragraphs  (Deeper) Meaning is gleaned from understanding the use of metaphor, symbol, imagery, etc.
  • 5.  Lines - a single line of poetry.  Stanzas - a group of lines set off from the other lines in a poem; the poetic equivalent of a paragraph in prose. In traditional poems, the stanza usually contains a unit of thought, much like a paragraph.  Tercet  The winged seeds, where they lie cold and low, Each like a corpse within its grave, until Thine azure sister of the Spring shall blow  Punctuation – used for emphasis  Structure of images / symbols within the poem  Watch for colors, patterns, figurative language **DICTION
  • 6. Connotation Denotation SnakeSnake evil or danger any of numerousany of numerous scaly, legless,scaly, legless, sometimessometimes venomous reptiles;venomous reptiles; having a long,having a long, tapering,tapering, cylindrical bodycylindrical body and found in mostand found in most tropical andtropical and temperate regionstemperate regions
  • 7. An Epic Poem is a long story told in verse which tells the great deeds of a hero. Example: The Odyssey by Homer An Epic Poem is a long story told in verse which tells the great deeds of a hero. Example: The Odyssey by Homer
  • 8. Narrative Poem is a poem that tells a story. Example: T’was the Night Before Christmas by Clement C. Moore
  • 9. Verse Fable is a brief story told in verse that illustrates a moral and features human-like animals, plants, objects, or forces of nature.
  • 10. A Boy Cries Wolf Once there was a foolish boy Whose job it was to guard some sheep         In case a hungry wolf might come         To pounce upon them in their sleep. The owners told him: If a wolf Should come, be sure to give a cry         So we can come and save the sheep         And give that wolf a swift goodbye. The foolish boy grew bored one night, And cried out Wolf! Wolf! just for jokes,         And farmers came from far and wide,         But left disgusted by his hoax. But then at midnight that boy spied A savage wolf about to strike,          Wolf! Wolf! he screamed, but no one came         And sheep and shepherd died alike. MORAL: Those who enjoy making fools of others often make fools of themselves. from the book Aesop's Best: 80 Fables in Verse by William Cleary
  • 11. Lyric Poetry portrays the poet's own feelings, states of mind, ideas, and perceptions.
  • 12. Acrostic poems use letter patterns to create multiple messages Example: When the first letters of lines read downward form a separate phrase or word.
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16. Metaphor is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, in which one thing becomes another without the use of the words like, as, than, or resembles.
  • 17. Love is a rose.
  • 18. Simile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using words such as like, as, than, or resembles. Example: My love is like a red, red rose. - Robert Burns Simile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using words such as like, as, than, or resembles. Example: My love is like a red, red rose. - Robert Burns
  • 19. Onomatopeia is the use of a word or words whose sound imitates its meaning. Examples: crackle, pop, fizz, click, chirp
  • 20. Alliteration occurs when a series of words in a row (or close to a row) have the same first consonant sound. For example, “She sells sea-shells down by the sea-short” or “Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers” are both alliterative phrases.
  • 21.
  • 22. Rhythm is the actual sound that results from a line of poetry.
  • 23. Rhyme is the placement of identical or similar sounds at the ends of lines or at predictable locations within lines.
  • 24. Poetry is separated into lines on a page. Lines may be based on the number of metrical feet, or may stress a rhyme pattern at the ends of lines.
  • 25. Stanzas are groups of lines in a poem which are named by the number of lines included.  Two lines is a couplet.  Three lines is a triplet or tercet.  Four lines is a quatrain.  Five lines is a quintain or cinquain.  Six lines is a sestet.  Eight lines is an octet.