Reducing the Overpopulation of Cats and Dogs: Low Cost Spay and Neuter Programs and Awareness A Community Action Project by Serena Bruce, Senior Lisbon Regional School
The Community Action Project Process: 8 Steps IDENTIFY THE PROBLEM CONDUCT THE RESEARCH EVALUATE FINDINGS IDENTIFY THE NEED IDENTIFY SOLUTIONS COMPLETE THE ACTION EVALUATE THE ACTION OUTCOME SET THE LONG TERM GOAL
1. Identify the Problem Overpopulation of Cats and Dogs Clermont County Humane Society, Batava, Ohio: Discarded like trash, 4,000 cats and dogs are euthanized yearly.
2. Research Consisted of: Reading articles and materials about pet overpopulation: causes, effects, and prevention Locating spay and neuter resources and programs outside of New Hampshire Interview w/ veterinarian and vet tech, while observing live spay and neuter surgeries Locating local area and New Hampshire based spay and neuter programs and resources Volunteering for and observing 2 feline spay and neuter clinics
3. Research Findings The overpopulation of cats and dogs leads to homeless, abandoned, and euthanized animals. 6 -8 million homeless animals entering shelters per year. 3-4 million of them are euthanized 6 million more homeless and die from: hit by cars, cruelty, preyed on by other animals, weather, disease, injury, and starvation.(The Humane Society) (google images)
Research Findings Continued… What Is Spay and Neuter? Spay and neuter: surgical procedure where an animal’s reproductive organs are removed to prevent reproduction. Spay: removal of a female animal’s fallopian tubes, uterus, and ovaries (ovariohysterectomy). Neutering or Altering: removal of a male’s testicles.
Research Findings Continued… Spay and Neuter Prevent:Diseases: Females: uterine, breast, and ovarian cancer, and pyometra Males: testicular cancer, FIV (google images)(feline immunodeficiency virus),FeLV (feline leukemia), enlargedprostate, cysts, and prostate infections.
Female Cat Male Testicle OrgansReproductive Organs Cape Ann Vet Clinic Observation 7/12
Research Findings Continued… Behavioral Issues Resolved, Improved, or Prevented through Spay and NeuterCats will… -release strong smelling urine or release anal glands -hump people’s legs, stuffed toys, etc. -become aggressive -females will go into heat and can roam -males will roam: hit by cars, get lost, and fight -both are more susceptible to disease and illness through other animal bites (FeLV, rabies, distemper) (google images)
4. Identify the Need Low income communities-Average household income (combined income of all household members 15 and older) for Lisbon and surrounding communities: $49,000 (United States Census Bureau , 2010) -Residents, and their pets, can benefit from low-cost spay/neuter clinics Expensive at the local veterinarian clinics and hospitals-Average spay/neuter costs: Canine (based on weight) $150.00-$300.00 Feline $100.00-$175.00 plus required exam fee (35-45), blood work (60+), and vaccines (20+ ea.) -Cost deters and prevents pet owners from having their pets spayed and/or neutered -Vet clinics are for profit and spay/neuter clinics are not for profit-Vet clinics contribute to existing problems associated with homelessness due to high (some clinics do work with local area shelters by donating some services and give discounts) -Thousands of dogs and cats still waiting in NH shelters in need of homes
5. Indentify Solutions Inform the public about the problem of pet overpopulation Educate the public about the importance of spay and neuter and its benefits Give the public opportunity to afford to have their pet spayed or neutered Help prevent and reduce the overpopulation of cats and dogs through low-cost spay and neuter programs
Created awareness and opportunity in my community…
Through… Education and information Organization of a feline spay/neuter clinic
Organize and fundraise for themobile feline spay and neuter clinic in Lisbon
The Rozzie May Animal Alliance is out of Conway, NH. They have a mobilefeline unit that travelsto low income areas. I organized for themobile clinic to come to Lisbon.
Organizing Clinic Find place to host the spay and neuter clinic Contacted Bette Liveston to ask for permission Wrote letter to CEO
Next… Contacted Rozzie May to set up a date Planned date was December 20th, 2012 Fix-it wagon ( a 42 foot trailer) to spay and neuter the cats in. Set co-pay: agreed co-pay would only be $15.00
Next… Developed informational flyers and registration forms Distributed information Throughout project, consistently and constantly in contact with Bette and Rozz.
Getting the word out… Flyers Brochure Newspaper Advertising Networking
Prepared for Clinic and Pre-registered Clients and pets Wrote down the owner’s information Wrote down the cats information Doing rabies or not. Bring rabies certificate if already had rabies vaccine Told them what was included Had to call everyone back the night before for a reminder.
•Took two hours for recovery. • Last cat left around 5:00• I stayed thereuntil the last catwas picked up. •Clinic was a success!
7. Results and Evaluation of the Action • 26 cats registered for the clinic •Most patients had severe cases of ear mites •Most patients had fleas •No surgical problems during or after the clinic •No recovery issues at home • Received very positive feedback from people •Received requests for another clinic
8. Long Term Goal Organization and implementation of a spay and neuter clinic once a year atvarious locations and communities in and around Lisbon.
Each day, thousands of animals are euthanized. Thousands more are left on the street to die of starvation, be hit by cars, suffer alone from abuse or the cold. (google (google images) images)
These animals are left without homes, compassion, warmth, understanding, and love. They don’t know what it’s like to have a loving family. These animals don’t deserve this kind of neglect. (google images)
Don’t be part of the problem,help fix the problem (google images)
Works Cited ASPCA. ASPCA, n.d. Web. 13 Dec 2012. <http://www.aspca.org/>. Manwaring, Rozz. Rozzie May Animal Alliance. N.p.. Web. 28 Feb 2013. http://www.rozziemay.org. The Humane Society of the United States. The Humane Society, n.d. Web. 13 Dec 2012. http://www.humanesociety.org/ . United States Census Bureau . United States Census Bureau, n.d. Web. 28 Feb 2013. <www.census.gov>.