Ancient greece


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  • Ancient greece

    1. 1. Ancient Greece<br />
    2. 2. ANCIENT DANGERS!!!<br />The world the ancient Greeks were filled with danger. Barbarians invaded constantly.<br />If you lived in Ancient Greece and were constantly invaded and in danger, what would you do to protect yourself?<br />Take 3 minutes and write down 3 solutions to the barbarian problem<br />Take time to share with a buddy your answers.<br />
    3. 3. The Greek Solution! <br />The Greeks knew there was strength in numbers, so they joined together to protect themselves.<br />These groups of people developed into City States<br />A city state is a political unit made up of the city and all the surrounding areas<br />
    4. 4. The City State Layout<br />Each City State was built on a high hill and was like a fortress<br />The hill was called an Acropolis<br />Acropolis means “Top City” in Greek <br />
    5. 5. Life in the Acropolis<br />Around the Acropolis was the rest of the city<br />This included houses, markets, and farms<br />During wartime farmers who lived outside the Acropolis would seek safety inside.<br />
    6. 6. Brainstorm now: What are some advantages having your Acropolis on a high hill?<br />What are some advantages of living in a city state? <br />
    7. 7. Advantages of City State<br />The Acropolis on a high hill helps ancient Greeks defend against invaders<br />People could gather in the city state and trade<br />Because each city state was isolated the people didn’t think of themselves as citizens of Greece, but of their city state.<br />
    8. 8. Colonies Spreading Greek Culture<br />In time city states set up colonies in other countries.<br />A colony is a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country<br />Most of these colonies continued to keep in contact with their old city states through trade<br />This trade helped the city states get rich and spread Greek culture<br />
    9. 9. Ticket Out<br />What is a city state?<br />Why did city states form?<br />What are you unsure about?<br />
    10. 10. Homework<br />Answer these three questions<br />Define a city-state.<br />In what ways was the acropolis the center of the city-state?<br />How did colonies help keep Greek culture strong?<br />Read Pages 310-311 in our Social Studies book<br />
    11. 11. City States: Athens VS. Sparta<br />
    12. 12. Recap: What did we learn?<br />Warm up: If your city (Raleigh) was a city state what would it be like? <br /><ul><li>Yesterday we talked about how the Greeks formed city states for protection against invaders
    13. 13. Due to the city states being far apart many of them developed their own culture and government.
    14. 14. Two of the most famous were Athens and Sparta</li></li></ul><li>Words you need to know<br />Direct Democracy: A government in which people vote to make their own rules and laws<br />Oligarchy: the rule of the few, and those few are generally the people who are richer and more powerful than the others<br />
    15. 15. What are some examples of a Direct Democracy today? What about an Oligarchy?<br />Take a moment and discuss with your table groups what life in a direct democracy would look like. Any problems? Then talk about what life in an oligarchy would look like. Problems?<br />
    16. 16. Athens and Sparta<br />This is…..Athens!!!<br />This is…..Sparta!!!<br /><ul><li>Was a Democracy </li></ul>Was an Oligarchy<br /><ul><li>Was closer to the ocean which helped trade
    17. 17. Was more inland and the rocky terrain made them isolated (they liked this. They didn’t like other cultures)
    18. 18. Strong Navy
    19. 19. Very Strong Army (people joined military at 20 and left at 60!)
    20. 20. Valued education
    21. 21. Valued the Army </li></ul>Contributed to world culture, arts, and philosophy (more on this later) <br /><ul><li>Were good at fighting. </li></li></ul><li>They did not get along<br />
    22. 22. Ticket In<br />Write down three differences between Athens and Sparta<br />Write down anything you did not understand<br />
    23. 23. Homework<br />Complete Athens/Sparta paragraph<br />
    24. 24. The Golden Age <br />
    25. 25. Review<br /><ul><li>Last time we talked about two city states, Athens and Sparta</li></ul>What are some differences between the two states? <br /><ul><li>Despite these differences the two city states had to work together to defeat Persia, an unstoppable empire
    26. 26. What would make you put aside your differences with someone? Would it be hard? </li></li></ul><li>The Persian War <br />Around 500 B.C. all of Greece was terrified, the mighty Persian Empire decided to invade and take over Greece.<br /><ul><li>The Persian Army was huge, well trained, and experienced
    27. 27. They had never been completely defeated
    28. 28. Greece was in trouble. </li></li></ul><li>Tale of the Tape<br />Greece<br />Persia<br />Made up of several small city states <br />Athens was the richest and most powerful<br />Athens had the best navy but only one <br />Sparta had the best army and were the best fighters <br />Never have joined together <br />A giant empire made up of conquered countries <br />Had some of the finest soldiers in the world<br />Had a massive navy and army<br />Had conquered most of the known world<br />
    29. 29. Phalanx<br />The Phalanx was a Greek fighting formation <br />They soldiers formed in a rectangle and protected each other with heavy shields<br />They used long spears and swords to strike out against the enemy<br />Why done correctly, no one could defend against the Phalanx<br />
    30. 30. Persian Immortal <br />Best of the best of the Persian Military<br />Were the guardians of the Persian Emperor and his finest soldiers<br />10,000 strong<br />Were called “Immortals” because when one died, another took his place. <br />
    31. 31. Think<br />If you were going to bet on the outcome of the war based on what you have just read, who would you pick to win? Why?<br />Discuss with a partner who you think would win the war. Share with your teacher. <br />
    32. 32. Famous People <br />
    33. 33. King Xerxes <br />Emperor of the Persian Empire<br />Was in charge during most of the war<br />Controlled most of the known world<br />Excellent at Military Strategy<br />
    34. 34. King Leonidas<br />King of Sparta<br />One of the finest warriors in the world<br />Believed by the Spartans to be a descendent of Hercules<br />Led 300 Spartans in a fight against the entire Persian Empire at Thermopylae <br />
    35. 35. Themistocles<br />Athenian politician<br />Helped build a strong Navy<br />Great leader<br />Defeated the Persians at Marathon and Salamis <br />
    36. 36. What would you do? <br />If you were a member of the Greek city states would you have fought against Persia? <br />In a paragraph explain 3 reason why you would or would not have fought.<br />Explain your reasons<br />
    37. 37. Persian War <br />Recap: Who were some famous people in this war?<br />Who did you think would win?<br />Would you have decided to fight Persia? <br />
    38. 38. Famous Battles<br />
    39. 39. Battle of Marathon<br />Was the first battle in the Persian Invasion<br /><ul><li>Athens fought against the Persian Army
    40. 40. The Athenians trapped the Persians in a the area of Marathon and attacked them at night
    41. 41. Persia was defeated by the heavy armed Athenians
    42. 42. This battle showed the Greeks that the Persians were not invincible and could be beaten. </li></li></ul><li>Phidipides<br />Was a soldier at the Battle of Marathon<br />After the battle he raced to Athens to tell them that they had won so they wouldn’t surrender<br />Made it and said “We are Victorious”<br />Died of exhaustion<br />The olympic race “The Marathon” is named for his sacrifice. <br />
    43. 43. Thermopylae <br /><ul><li>After losing Persia was mad and attacked again
    44. 44. Spartan King Leonidas set out with 300 of his men to the Hot Gates
    45. 45. For three days he and his soldiers fought and nearly defeated the army of King Xerxes
    46. 46. While this was going on Themistocles of Athens fought the Persian navy
    47. 47. This battle shows that training and skill can defeat a more powerful army</li></li></ul><li>Battles of Salamis and Platea<br />After the Battle at Thermopolye Greeks were inspired to work together<br />Sparta, Athens (led by Themistocles), and other city-states joined up to defeat Persia<br />In a great Naval and Land battle the Greeks destroyed the Persian Army and won the war<br />These battles showed that when the Greeks worked together anything is possible <br />
    48. 48. What this meant for Greece<br />It meant that the Greeks were now super strong, and Super confidant. They were ready to start a Golden Age! <br />
    49. 49. Ticket out<br />Which battle do you think was the most important? Why?<br />Which person was most interesting?<br />Questions for me? <br />