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Beyond Open Access:
Creating Open Educational
Resources...
                                                               ...
or...

how to create really cool and useful
educational material using openly
licensed content
or...

why your students, colleagues, and
people around the world will thank you
and, maybe, tell you that you are cool
fo...
the classroom & learning 2.0
open.michigan
challenges
generate OER
who to talk to
a Cartesian view of knowledge and learning
  :: John Seely Brown and Richard P. Adler
     : “I think therefore I am”
    ...
the social view of learning - learning 2.0
  :: John Seely Brown and Richard P. Adler
     : “we participate therefore we ...
learning 2.0 - characteristics

 :: connected
  : students, staff, & faculty

 :: global audience
  : facebook, slideshare...
a summary
                                       Not just “learning about”
                                       but “lea...
the classroom & learning 2.0

open.michigan
challenges
generate OER
who to talk to
who am I? and
                                                  what do I do?

                                           ...
who am I? and
                                                  what do I do?

                                           ...
the classroom & learning 2.0
open.michigan

challenges
generate OER
who to talk to
reducing risk

   OER production typically involves three main
   policy areas

   :: copyright and other intellectual pro...
main policy areas

   :: copyright : U.S. law grants limited exclusive
   rights to authors of creative works

   :: endor...
©
Artwork




          these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
Charts
Graphs
Illustrations: Cartoons




                          these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
Illustrations: Chemical Representations
Drawings and Diagrams




                    some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
Graphics




           some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
Scientific Images
Ads, CD/Book/Movie Covers, Screenshots




                    some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright...
Photographs




              some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
Text: Quotes, Passages, Poems




                 The Mesh

                 We have come to the cross-roads
            ...
dealing with issues
   :: retainment : you may already have or
   choose to obtain permission to use content
   from a 3rd...
the classroom & learning 2.0
open.michigan
challenges

generate OER
who to talk to
A few important distinctions
The difference between OA and OER.

  OA: Open Access
  OER: Open Educational Resources

   • OA focuses on sharing conten...
OA // OER - buddies

               OA
 free, permanent,
    full-text, online
           access to
      scientific and
 ...
The difference between OCW and OER.
  OCW: Open CourseWare
  OER: Open Educational Resources

   • OCW focuses on sharing ...
OCW // OER - overlap

              OER
       OCW, single
    images, general
   campus lectures,
  image collections,
  ...
OER and eLearning: a relationship.

   OER
    • may exist in electronic or paper form
    • may not contain enough contex...
eLearning // OER - intersection



      OER




                                         eLearning


               inter...
let’s get to it
let’s generate OER - goals of today’s workshop

 :: ask the question - how can I (and others) use this content?
  : while ...
ask the question
  :: how can I (and others) use this content?
there is something
                                                                                              different...
Beyond Open Access:
Creating Open Educational
Resources

/ May 2009
/ Enriching Scholarship
                              ...
Open licensing: Creative Commons




      http://creativecommons.org/license/
Creative Commons: license conditions

  BY :: Attribution

        You let others copy, distribute,
        display, and p...
Creative Commons: license conditions

  SA :: Share Alike

        You allow others to distribute
        derivative works...
Creative Commons: license conditions

  NC :: Noncommercial

       You let others copy, distribute,
       display, and p...
Creative Commons: license conditions

  ND :: No derivatives

        You let others copy, distribute,
        display, an...
Creative Commons: licenses




      http://creativecommons.org/license/
Some rights reserved: a spectrum.




     Public                                           All Rights
     Domain        ...
discover content
   :: standard practice




                          49
discover content
   :: standard practice
     : search engine results
     : personal iPhoto library
     : from colleague...
discover content
     :: revised practice
       : discoverEd http://discovered.creativecommons.org/search/
       : Creat...
create resources


   :: the life cycle of OER generation




                                         52
The OER life cycle.

  Authoring


              Clearing


                         Editing


                           ...
The OER life cycle.

  Authoring


                creating resources
                designing learning experiences
     ...
The OER life cycle.

  Clearing


                dealing with policy issues
                tracking content use
        ...
The OER life cycle.

   Editing


                editing and formatting the
                resource
                conv...
The OER life cycle.




                distributing the resource
                adding value to the resource
           ...
The OER life cycle.

  Publishing


                distributing the resource
                adding value to the resource...
The OER life cycle.

  Archiving


                refreshing/retiring resources
                preserving past resources...
U-M OER life cycle.                             pull from anywhere
                                                put int...
U-M OER life cycle.                             pull from anywhere
                                                put int...
U-M OER life cycle.                             pull from anywhere
                                                put int...
U-M OER life cycle.                             pull from anywhere
                                                put int...
U-M OER life cycle.                             pull from anywhere
                                                put int...
U-M OER life cycle.                             pull from anywhere
                                                put int...
post production clearing...

  Authoring


              Clearing


                         Editing

 With post-productio...
post production clearing...

  Authoring


              Clearing


                         Editing

 With post-productio...
post production clearing...

  Authoring


              Clearing


                         Editing

 With post-productio...
post production clearing...

  Authoring


              Clearing


                         Editing

 With post-productio...
post production clearing...

  Authoring


              Clearing


                         Editing

 With post-productio...
post production clearing...

  Authoring


              Clearing


                         Editing

 With post-productio...
post production clearing...

  Authoring


              Clearing


                         Editing

 With post-productio...
Pre-production clearing - stages

  Authoring + Clearing


            use content created locally (from U-M)
            ...
Pre-production clearing - stages.

   Editing


             display a clear notice of how others may
             use you...
create resources
   :: for third party content include...
     : author
     : license information
     : link to content
...
create resources
create resources




                   65
Learning about Orchids
Orchis galilaea                                                Phalaenopsis                        ...
Image courtesy of Herbert L. Fred, MD and Hendrik A. van Dijk - <http://cnx.org/content/m14942/latest/>
Creative Commons A...
share resources

   :: institutional
     : open.michigan https://open.umich.edu/
     : deep blue http://deepblue.lib.umi...
the classroom & learning 2.0
open.michigan
challenges
generate OER

who to talk to
who to talk to

 :: we can help you make OER
    : open.michigan team
    - open.michigan@umich.edu

   : U-M copyright of...
who to talk to

 :: we can help you make OER
    : open.michigan team
    - open.michigan@umich.edu

   : U-M copyright of...
let’s generate OER - goals of today’s workshop

 :: ask the question - how can I (and others) use this content?
  : while ...
Learning 2.0, the Social View of Learning & OER

         Let’s do it right from the start.




         CC: BY-SA Phil Mc...
Colin Rhinesmith - http://www.flickr.com/photos/colinrhinesmith/
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/deed.en
https://open.umich.edu/wiki/ -> Presentation, poster, and diagram downloads
Enriching Scholarship 2009 - Creating Open Educational Resources
Enriching Scholarship 2009 - Creating Open Educational Resources
Enriching Scholarship 2009 - Creating Open Educational Resources
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Enriching Scholarship 2009 - Creating Open Educational Resources

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This presentation was given for an audience of educators and staff at the University of Michigan 2009 Enriching Scholarship Event. It discusses the changing nature of the classroom and argues that creating and using open content in teaching and learning is a key component of learning 2.0. (I've left my notes in for reference).

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  • Transcript of "Enriching Scholarship 2009 - Creating Open Educational Resources"

    1. 1. Beyond Open Access: Creating Open Educational Resources... This is a talk title from a previous event. deadline. / May 2009 / Enriching Scholarship Garin Fons http://open.umich.edu Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright © 2009 The Regents of the University of Michigan
    2. 2. or... how to create really cool and useful educational material using openly licensed content
    3. 3. or... why your students, colleagues, and people around the world will thank you and, maybe, tell you that you are cool for using openly licensed content to create really cool and useful educational material This isn’t just about being cool or about the content, it’s really about the classroom.
    4. 4. the classroom & learning 2.0 open.michigan challenges generate OER who to talk to
    5. 5. a Cartesian view of knowledge and learning :: John Seely Brown and Richard P. Adler : “I think therefore I am” : knowledge as substance & pedagogy as knowledge transfer Cartesian perspective assumes that knowledge is a kind of substance and that pedagogy thinks that the best way to transfer this substance is from teachers to students. CC: BY-NC-SA smallestbones (flickr) http://www.flickr.com/photos/jenkim/5535084 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/ See: Brown, John Seely and Richard P. Adler, “Minds on Fire: Open Education, the Long Tail, and Learning 2.0” Educause Review, January/February 2008, pages 17 - 32
    6. 6. the social view of learning - learning 2.0 :: John Seely Brown and Richard P. Adler : “we participate therefore we are” : understanding is socially constructed - our understanding of content is socially constructed through conversations about that content and through grounded interactions around problems and actions. not “what” but “how” we learn (JSB) CC: BY-NC berbercarpet (flickr) http://www.flickr.com/photos/flickerbulb/1477994596 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/ See: Brown, John Seely and Richard P. Adler, “Minds on Fire: Open Education, the Long Tail, and Learning 2.0” Educause Review, January/February 2008, pages 17 - 32
    7. 7. learning 2.0 - characteristics :: connected : students, staff, & faculty :: global audience : facebook, slideshare, YouTube :: participatory : commenting as part of assignments :: project based learning : authentic assessments and real clients :: technology as a mindset, not a skill : blogs, wikis, multimedia, social networking : collaborative virtual spaces : permanent records of work and conversations more here in Kim Cofino’s presentation - “The 21st Century Classroom” http://www.slideshare.net/mscofino/the-21st-century-classroom
    8. 8. a summary Not just “learning about” but “learning to be” developing the practices and norms of a the practitioners in a field to acculturate ones :: sharing as the norm self into a culture of practice :: learning is more about how than what :: participation and collaboration are key a proposition :: learning how to be open is essential to engaging in social learning and learning 2.0
    9. 9. the classroom & learning 2.0 open.michigan challenges generate OER who to talk to
    10. 10. who am I? and what do I do? I help you make things open so that they can be shared, used, built upon, etc. So that you don’t have to worry about We help content creators maximize the return on infringing and those who use your work know digital resources by helping make these resources how they can make use of your material. free and open for use and reuse by people worldwide.
    11. 11. who am I? and what do I do? I help you make things open so that they can be shared, used, built upon, etc. So that you don’t have to worry about We help content creators maximize the return on infringing and those who use your work know digital resources by helping make these resources how they can make use of your material. free and open for use and reuse by people worldwide. a student driven do-it-yourself and distributed method of generating OER a U-M developed software used to manage the process of generating OER
    12. 12. the classroom & learning 2.0 open.michigan challenges generate OER who to talk to
    13. 13. reducing risk OER production typically involves three main policy areas :: copyright and other intellectual property :: endorsement of products or people :: privacy of students or patients
    14. 14. main policy areas :: copyright : U.S. law grants limited exclusive rights to authors of creative works :: endorsement : U-M has a policy restricting what representatives of our institution may endorse :: privacy : the U.S. government tends to protect patient and student privacy
    15. 15. ©
    16. 16. Artwork these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
    17. 17. Charts
    18. 18. Graphs
    19. 19. Illustrations: Cartoons these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
    20. 20. Illustrations: Chemical Representations
    21. 21. Drawings and Diagrams some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
    22. 22. Graphics some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
    23. 23. Scientific Images
    24. 24. Ads, CD/Book/Movie Covers, Screenshots some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
    25. 25. Photographs some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
    26. 26. Text: Quotes, Passages, Poems The Mesh We have come to the cross-roads And I must either leave or come with you. I lingered over the choice But in the darkness of my doubts You lifted the lamp of love And I saw in your face The road that I should take. - Kwesi Brew some of these excerpts used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use
    27. 27. dealing with issues :: retainment : you may already have or choose to obtain permission to use content from a 3rd party (must be openly licensed), or the content does not have a policy issue :: replacement : you may want to replace content that cannot be shared with open content that can be distributed through copyright licensing (Creative Commons) :: removal : you may need to remove content due to privacy, endorsement or copyright concerns
    28. 28. the classroom & learning 2.0 open.michigan challenges generate OER who to talk to
    29. 29. A few important distinctions
    30. 30. The difference between OA and OER. OA: Open Access OER: Open Educational Resources • OA focuses on sharing content, but no underlying licensing requirement • OER includes any educational content that is shared under an open license (nix ND) • OER and OA are friends
    31. 31. OA // OER - buddies OA free, permanent, full-text, online access to scientific and scholarly works OER openly licensed educational content
    32. 32. The difference between OCW and OER. OCW: Open CourseWare OER: Open Educational Resources • OCW focuses on sharing open content that is developed specifically to instruct a course (locally taught) • OER includes any educational content that is shared under an open license, whether or not it is a part of a course • OCW is a subset of OER
    33. 33. OCW // OER - overlap OER OCW, single images, general campus lectures, image collections, singular learning modules, paper OCW or article syllabi, lecture notes, presentation slides, assignments, lecture videos - all related to a course
    34. 34. OER and eLearning: a relationship. OER • may exist in electronic or paper form • may not contain enough context to be “instructional” • are always licensed for reuse, redistribution, and re-mixing eLearning resources • exist only in electronic form • are generally designed to be instructional • may not always be licensed for open use
    35. 35. eLearning // OER - intersection OER eLearning intersection represents open, electronic, instructional resources
    36. 36. let’s get to it
    37. 37. let’s generate OER - goals of today’s workshop :: ask the question - how can I (and others) use this content? : while searching for and generating content : while interacting with colleagues :: discover where to find openly licensed content : open content repositories : your colleagues & students :: create resources using openly licensed content : the life cycle of OER generation : techniques for annotating content :: learn where you can share your resources : via open.michigan and beyond
    38. 38. ask the question :: how can I (and others) use this content?
    39. 39. there is something different about this presentation. Beyond Open Access: Creating Open Educational Resources / May 2009 / Enriching Scholarship Garin Fons http://open.umich.edu Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright © 2009 The Regents of the University of Michigan
    40. 40. Beyond Open Access: Creating Open Educational Resources / May 2009 / Enriching Scholarship Garin Fons http://open.umich.edu Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright © 2009 The Regents of the University of Michigan
    41. 41. Open licensing: Creative Commons http://creativecommons.org/license/
    42. 42. Creative Commons: license conditions BY :: Attribution You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work — and derivative works based upon it — but only if they give credit the way you request. http://creativecommons.org/license/
    43. 43. Creative Commons: license conditions SA :: Share Alike You allow others to distribute derivative works only under a license identical to the license that governs your work. http://creativecommons.org/license/
    44. 44. Creative Commons: license conditions NC :: Noncommercial You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your work — and derivative works based upon it — but for noncommercial purposes only. http://creativecommons.org/license/
    45. 45. Creative Commons: license conditions ND :: No derivatives You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform only verbatim copies of your work, not derivative works based upon it. http://creativecommons.org/license/
    46. 46. Creative Commons: licenses http://creativecommons.org/license/
    47. 47. Some rights reserved: a spectrum. Public All Rights Domain Reserved least restrictive most restrictive http://creativecommons.org/license/
    48. 48. discover content :: standard practice 49
    49. 49. discover content :: standard practice : search engine results : personal iPhoto library : from colleagues : institutional assets : journals and textbooks 50
    50. 50. discover content :: revised practice : discoverEd http://discovered.creativecommons.org/search/ : Creative Commons http://search.creativecommons.org/ : Flickr http://www.flickr.com/commons/ or advanced search : Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org : your own content, licensed Catalog of Open Content Search: https://open.umich.edu/wiki/Open_Content_Search 51
    51. 51. create resources :: the life cycle of OER generation 52
    52. 52. The OER life cycle. Authoring Clearing Editing Publishing Archiving
    53. 53. The OER life cycle. Authoring creating resources designing learning experiences granting permission - licensing
    54. 54. The OER life cycle. Clearing dealing with policy issues tracking content use attaching metadata
    55. 55. The OER life cycle. Editing editing and formatting the resource converting the resource to various distribution media
    56. 56. The OER life cycle. distributing the resource adding value to the resource (creative uses of metadata, search, online communities, etc.)
    57. 57. The OER life cycle. Publishing distributing the resource adding value to the resource (creative uses of metadata, search, online communities, etc.)
    58. 58. The OER life cycle. Archiving refreshing/retiring resources preserving past resources maintaining access to past resources
    59. 59. U-M OER life cycle. pull from anywhere put into our soft ware Authoring Clearing Editing Publishing Archiving
    60. 60. U-M OER life cycle. pull from anywhere put into our soft ware Authoring various techniques & tools Clearing Editing Publishing Archiving
    61. 61. U-M OER life cycle. pull from anywhere put into our soft ware Authoring various techniques & tools Clearing OERca software Editing Publishing Archiving
    62. 62. U-M OER life cycle. pull from anywhere put into our soft ware Authoring various techniques & tools Clearing OERca software authoring tools Editing Publishing Archiving
    63. 63. U-M OER life cycle. pull from anywhere put into our soft ware Authoring various techniques & tools Clearing OERca software authoring tools Editing Open.Michigan & Publishing eduCommons Archiving
    64. 64. U-M OER life cycle. pull from anywhere put into our soft ware Authoring various techniques & tools Clearing OERca software authoring tools Editing Open.Michigan & Publishing eduCommons DSpace (?) Archiving
    65. 65. post production clearing... Authoring Clearing Editing With post-production Publishing clearing, the system gets clogged up and becomes less efficient Archiving
    66. 66. post production clearing... Authoring Clearing Editing With post-production Publishing clearing, the system gets clogged up and becomes less efficient Archiving
    67. 67. post production clearing... Authoring Clearing Editing With post-production Publishing clearing, the system gets clogged up and becomes less efficient Archiving
    68. 68. post production clearing... Authoring Clearing Editing With post-production Publishing clearing, the system gets clogged up and becomes less efficient Archiving
    69. 69. post production clearing... Authoring Clearing Editing With post-production Publishing clearing, the system gets clogged up and becomes less efficient Archiving
    70. 70. post production clearing... Authoring Clearing Editing With post-production Publishing clearing, the system gets clogged up and becomes less efficient Archiving
    71. 71. post production clearing... Authoring Clearing Editing With post-production Publishing clearing, the system gets clogged up and becomes less efficient Archiving
    72. 72. Pre-production clearing - stages Authoring + Clearing use content created locally (from U-M) choose 3rd party content from open sources that give explicit open licenses (or content that is in the public domain) document all 3rd party content with pertinent source information
    73. 73. Pre-production clearing - stages. Editing display a clear notice of how others may use your work (Open.Michigan uses a CC: BY license) edit the resource to include 3rd party licenses and source citations
    74. 74. create resources :: for third party content include... : author : license information : link to content : link to license :: for your own content include... : title slide with license other info : links to content : keywords, learning objectives, sources https://open.umich.edu/wiki/index.php5?title=Open_Content_How-to 63
    75. 75. create resources
    76. 76. create resources 65
    77. 77. Learning about Orchids Orchis galilaea Phalaenopsis Angraecum viguieri orchis galilaea CC:BY-SA judy_breck (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/deed.en phalaenopsis CC:BY audreyjm529 (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en Angraecum viguieri GNU free documentation orchi (wikipedia)
    78. 78. Image courtesy of Herbert L. Fred, MD and Hendrik A. van Dijk - <http://cnx.org/content/m14942/latest/> Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License <http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/>
    79. 79. share resources :: institutional : open.michigan https://open.umich.edu/ : deep blue http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/ :: web resources : slideshare http://www.slideshare.net : scribd http://www.scribd.com/ : flickr http://www.flickr.com 69
    80. 80. the classroom & learning 2.0 open.michigan challenges generate OER who to talk to
    81. 81. who to talk to :: we can help you make OER : open.michigan team - open.michigan@umich.edu : U-M copyright office - copyright@umich.edu : office of general counsel : talk to librarians 71
    82. 82. who to talk to :: we can help you make OER : open.michigan team - open.michigan@umich.edu : U-M copyright office - copyright@umich.edu We were made BY Ryan Junell : office of general counsel : talk to librarians 71
    83. 83. let’s generate OER - goals of today’s workshop :: ask the question - how can I (and others) use this content? : while searching for and generating content : while interacting with colleagues :: discover where to find openly licensed content : open content repositories : your colleagues & students :: create resources using openly licensed content : and other techniques for annotating content :: learn where you can share your resources : via open.michigan and beyond
    84. 84. Learning 2.0, the Social View of Learning & OER Let’s do it right from the start. CC: BY-SA Phil McElhinney (flickr) http://www.flickr.com/photos/philmcelhinney/1000986005 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/
    85. 85. Colin Rhinesmith - http://www.flickr.com/photos/colinrhinesmith/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/deed.en
    86. 86. https://open.umich.edu/wiki/ -> Presentation, poster, and diagram downloads
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