Corn Symposium


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Corn Symposium

  1. 1. Maiz criollo
  2. 2. Domestication of Corn
  3. 4. Corn Plant
  4. 6. Corn Seed Types <ul><li>Open Pollinated </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid </li></ul><ul><li>Genetically Modified </li></ul>
  5. 9. Traits Corn is Engineered For <ul><li>Herbicide Tolerance to Broad Spectrum Glyphosate (Roundup) </li></ul><ul><li>Insecticidal Properties Conferred by Bt ( Bacillus thuringiensis) </li></ul>
  6. 11. A report released by the International Journal of Biological Sciences (Dec. 2009) states that three types of Monsanto corn, cause cancer and organ damage in mammals. <ul><li>The data “clearly underlines adverse impacts on kidneys and liver, to heart, adrenal glands, spleen and haematopoietic system,” </li></ul>
  7. 12. Food Sovereignty <ul><li>The right of peoples to healthy and culturally appropriate food produced through ecologically sound and sustainable methods, and their right to define their own food and agriculture systems. </li></ul>
  8. 14. <ul><li>The FAO 2004 report acknowledges that GM crops can have reduced yields </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic modifications address production conditions (insect and weed control), and are not intended to increase the intrinsic yield capacity of the plant. </li></ul>
  9. 15. IMF via
  10. 16. Food Crisis <ul><li>High price of oil </li></ul><ul><li>Agrofuel boom </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in grain-fed meat production </li></ul><ul><li>Weather-related crop failure </li></ul><ul><li>Market Speculation </li></ul><ul><li>Holt-Giménez, E. & Patel, R., 2009. Food Rebellions!: Crisis and the hunger for justice, Oakland, Ca: Food First Books. </li></ul>
  11. 17. Data source FAO Statistics
  12. 21. The USDA breaks Corn Usage into three major categories <ul><li>Animal Feed (45.9%) </li></ul><ul><li>Food/Seed/Industrial (35.2%) </li></ul><ul><li>Export (18.9%) </li></ul>
  13. 22. Food and Industrial Category <ul><li>Ethanol 24.7% </li></ul><ul><li>High Fructose Corn Syrup 3.9% </li></ul><ul><li>Starch 2.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Sweeteners 1.8% </li></ul><ul><li>Cereal/Other 1.5% </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol 1.0% </li></ul><ul><li>Seed 0.2% </li></ul>
  14. 23. Besides the fact that you only get 1.3 calories of energy per calorie put into ethanol production <ul><li>Researchers at the University of Minnesota, </li></ul><ul><li>found 5 to 2,138 liters of water used per liter of ethanol </li></ul>
  15. 25. This is just water! We're not even talking about: <ul><li>pollution from fertilizer, insecticides, and herbicides; </li></ul><ul><li>soil erosion; </li></ul><ul><li>greenhouse-gas emissions from production; </li></ul><ul><li>competition with food crops. </li></ul>
  16. 26. 20 pounds of soil washes away for every gallon of ethanol made
  17. 27. In the US 1.5 billion tons topsoil erodes/year
  18. 30. No-Till Corn
  19. 31. High Fructose Corn Syrup
  20. 34. What about Mexico? <ul><li>Studies by the Health Department show that a startling 68 percent of Mexican adults are overweight and 29 percent are obese — just behind the United States, where 74 percent are overweight and 39 percent obese </li></ul>
  21. 35. <ul><li>The changing dietary habits have come as Mexico has switched from a largely protectionist to an extremely globalized economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Since it enacted the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1994, imports of processed food and drinks have soared. </li></ul><ul><li>The nation now consumes more Coca Cola products per capita than anywhere else in the world: a total of 635 eight-ounce bottles per person each year. The amount represents a threefold increase compared to 1988. </li></ul>
  22. 36. <ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Beauty </li></ul><ul><li>Permanence </li></ul>