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Corn Symposium
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Corn Symposium






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    Corn Symposium Corn Symposium Presentation Transcript

    • Maiz criollo
    • Domestication of Corn
    • Corn Plant
    • Corn Seed Types
      • Open Pollinated
      • Hybrid
      • Genetically Modified
    • Traits Corn is Engineered For
      • Herbicide Tolerance to Broad Spectrum Glyphosate (Roundup)
      • Insecticidal Properties Conferred by Bt ( Bacillus thuringiensis)
    • A report released by the International Journal of Biological Sciences (Dec. 2009) states that three types of Monsanto corn, cause cancer and organ damage in mammals.
      • The data “clearly underlines adverse impacts on kidneys and liver, to heart, adrenal glands, spleen and haematopoietic system,”
    • Food Sovereignty
      • The right of peoples to healthy and culturally appropriate food produced through ecologically sound and sustainable methods, and their right to define their own food and agriculture systems.
      • The FAO 2004 report acknowledges that GM crops can have reduced yields
      • Genetic modifications address production conditions (insect and weed control), and are not intended to increase the intrinsic yield capacity of the plant.
    • IMF via IndexMundi.com
    • Food Crisis
      • High price of oil
      • Agrofuel boom
      • Increase in grain-fed meat production
      • Weather-related crop failure
      • Market Speculation
      • Holt-Giménez, E. & Patel, R., 2009. Food Rebellions!: Crisis and the hunger for justice, Oakland, Ca: Food First Books.
    • Data source FAO Statistics
    • The USDA breaks Corn Usage into three major categories
      • Animal Feed (45.9%)
      • Food/Seed/Industrial (35.2%)
      • Export (18.9%)
    • Food and Industrial Category
      • Ethanol 24.7%
      • High Fructose Corn Syrup 3.9%
      • Starch 2.1%
      • Sweeteners 1.8%
      • Cereal/Other 1.5%
      • Alcohol 1.0%
      • Seed 0.2%
    • Besides the fact that you only get 1.3 calories of energy per calorie put into ethanol production
      • Researchers at the University of Minnesota,
      • found 5 to 2,138 liters of water used per liter of ethanol
    • This is just water! We're not even talking about:
      • pollution from fertilizer, insecticides, and herbicides;
      • soil erosion;
      • greenhouse-gas emissions from production;
      • competition with food crops.
    • 20 pounds of soil washes away for every gallon of ethanol made
    • In the US 1.5 billion tons topsoil erodes/year
    • No-Till Corn
    • High Fructose Corn Syrup
    • What about Mexico?
      • Studies by the Health Department show that a startling 68 percent of Mexican adults are overweight and 29 percent are obese — just behind the United States, where 74 percent are overweight and 39 percent obese
      • The changing dietary habits have come as Mexico has switched from a largely protectionist to an extremely globalized economy.
      • Since it enacted the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1994, imports of processed food and drinks have soared.
      • The nation now consumes more Coca Cola products per capita than anywhere else in the world: a total of 635 eight-ounce bottles per person each year. The amount represents a threefold increase compared to 1988.
      • Health
      • Beauty
      • Permanence