What is genetically modified food Which are the dangers ? Which are the possible advantages? Which is the position of the USA? Which is the position of Europe? Which crops are genetically modified and what are they used for? Which is the situation in Catalonia? Which food has genetically modified elements Labels and genetically modified food in Spain?
The term Genetically Modified Food, also called biotech food, means crop plants that have been modified in the laboratory to improve preferred traits, such as resistance to herbicides and cold weather or improved nutritional content.
- It can cause allergy to human body- The crop modified can affect its around. A transgenic product can contamina to anon-transgenic product causing an ecological imbalance.- Toxicity- The stability of the inserted gene- Industrial agriculture uses synthetic fertilizers and agrochemicals that contaminates our crops and water, necessary resources we need to cultivat healthy products in the future.- Transgenic crops cant feed the whole world: its only the 45% of the product- They use synthetic fertilizers that contributes to worsening climate change.
GM foods involve a number of undoubted benefit to humans: GM foods, new drugs such as the obtaining of insulin for diabetics, new therapies… Increase resistance against pest and diseases Climate tolerance (Drought, cold weather etc) Increases food supply
USA is the most producer of transgenic products, moreover, the pretesting in the united states in not obligatory. The U.S. Government receives all the benefits of that production.In the United States, there are three different government agencies that have jurisdiction over GM foods.- The EPA: evaluates GM plants for environmental safety.- The USDA evaluates whether the plant is safe to grow.- The FDA evaluates whether the plant is safe to eat.The EPA is responsible for regulating substances such as pesticides or toxins.The USDA is responsible for GM crops that is not responsibility of the EPA.The FDA has been concerned with pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and food products and additives, not whole foods.
Right now there is a “battle” whether or not genetically modified food should be permitted in the market. The EU position: “Keep it out. We prefer organic, which is much healthier. The risk of genetically modified foods to health and the environment outweigh the benefits. Only the multinational biotech companies will benefit, dominating the world food supply and squeezing out traditional farmers.
Catalonia is the second territory of the EU that produces more transgenetical products (especially corn with 26,000 hectares).In the Catalan government has a game like ICV (its main features is environmentalism) and they didnt do anything to prohibit it.The Catalan Government ignores all studies recommend ban GMOs.
Normally, in Europe a transgenic product should be written on the label. In Spain it is obligatory but in some countries like USA is not obligatory. In Spain there are transgenical products banned in the European Union but some countries in the EU will accept them.The most common transgenical products are:- Pasta- Flour- Cereals (Corn)- Oils- Margarine- Bread- Fruit- Vegetables- SoyThis is the percent of GM products:Soy: 85% Corn: 20% Cotton: 0,9%