AFFORDANCES OF
                    PHYSICAL AND
                  VIRTUAL LEARNING
                       SPACES
         ...
Overview
                          Assumptions
                           Principles
                      Learning spaces...
Assumptions
                Universities value and seek to inculcate the skills
                essential for lifelong and...
Higher Education Principles
                Equivalence of Learning Outcomes        ethical obligations

                 ...
Learning Spaces?
                     Physical, blended or virtual learning
                     environments that enhance...
Subject Interactions
                          Information access (subject expectations)
                          Interac...
Diversity of Learning Spaces
                      Physical             Blended              Virtual


      Formal       ...
Physical Learning Spaces
                 Formal physical learning spaces
                 Informal physical learning spac...
Formal & Informal Spaces
Wednesday, 21 July 2010                  9
Wednesday, 21 July 2010   10
Wednesday, 21 July 2010   11
Wednesday, 21 July 2010   12
Wednesday, 21 July 2010   13
Wednesday, 21 July 2010   14
Virtual Learning Spaces

                 Formal virtual learning spaces
                 Informal virtual learning spaces...
Formal Virtual        Informal Virtual
              Learning Spaces        Learning Spaces
                    Blackboard...
Personal Learning Spaces




Wednesday, 21 July 2010                    17
Wednesday, 21 July 2010   18
Wednesday, 21 July 2010   19
Mobile Learning Spaces
                 Is mobile learning just part of everyday learning?
                 (ALT-J Vol 17,...
Outdoor
                    Learning
                     Spaces
          These pathways, thoroughfares
          and occ...
Wednesday, 21 July 2010   22
Wednesday, 21 July 2010   23
Wednesday, 21 July 2010   24
Wednesday, 21 July 2010   25
Blended Learning?

            “It is a design approach whereby both face-to-face and
            online learning are made...
Activity-level Blending
                                          Student     Resources Resources
                      In...
Subject & Course Level
                             Blending
                Subject-level blending: One of the most commo...
Paradigms of Blended
                                Learning
           Enabling blends: These address access and equity
...
Flexibility of Learning Spaces
                  Flexible learning and teaching spaces allow
                  adaptabilit...
Wednesday, 21 July 2010   31
Wednesday, 21 July 2010   32
Study, Time & Space
                 In addition to the notion of physical/virtual and
                 formal/informal, t...
Wednesday, 21 July 2010   34
Study, Time & Space
                 Students may have only certain days to study.
                 Early stages of a subj...
What are Affordances?
                          When you first see something you have never
                          seen...
Learning Space         Affordance              Example


              Face-to-Face        oral communication     oral fee...
Learning Space          Affordance             Example


                                                            discu...
Putting
           it all
         together




Wednesday, 21 July 2010   39
Wednesday, 21 July 2010   40
Wednesday, 21 July 2010   41
http://www.csu.edu.au/division/landt/flexible-learning/




                                      http://www.skgproject.com...
2010 Book
                Physical and Virtual Learning Spaces in Higher
                Education: Concepts for the Moder...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Affordances of Physical and Virtual Learning Spaces

1,688

Published on

Charles Darwin University presentation

Published in: Education
1 Comment
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Thank you Mike for sharing. The book is very impressive. I found it very relevant to the PBL pedagogy here we implement in Denmark with different synonyms e.g. Problem Oriented Project Pedagogy, Project Organized Studies, PBL Aalborg Model. It is still a challenge of implementing ICT (to be more specific CMC for my case) to support students' learning when pedagogy influences the way students adopt technologies for their learning to construct their learning place for the provided and self-acquired spaces. In the PBL here, which participant-directed is one of the main characteristics of the pedagogy, for learning tools also we tend to leave students to subscribe to free-subscribed web 2.0 tools on the software market, instead of providing them.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,688
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
43
Comments
1
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Affordances of Physical and Virtual Learning Spaces

  1. 1. AFFORDANCES OF PHYSICAL AND VIRTUAL LEARNING SPACES Professor Mike Keppell Professor of Higher Education President, ascilite Director, The Flexible Learning Institute Charles Sturt University Wednesday, 21 July 2010 1
  2. 2. Overview Assumptions Principles Learning spaces? Subject Interactions Diversity of learning spaces Blended learning spaces Affordances Putting it all together Wednesday, 21 July 2010 2
  3. 3. Assumptions Universities value and seek to inculcate the skills essential for lifelong and life wide learning, producing graduates who will continue to develop intellectually, professionally and socially beyond the bounds of formal education. Universities believe that programs, services and teaching methods should be responsive to the diverse cultural, social and academic needs of students, enabling them to adapt to the demands of university education and providing them with the cultural capital for life success. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 3
  4. 4. Higher Education Principles Equivalence of Learning Outcomes ethical obligations traverses physical, Student Learning Experience blended and virtual learning spaces learning outcomes, subject, degree Constructive Alignment program, generic attributes specific needs of Discipline Pedagogies disciplines Wednesday, 21 July 2010 4
  5. 5. Learning Spaces? Physical, blended or virtual learning environments that enhance as opposed to constraining learning Physical, blended or virtual ‘areas’ that motivate a user to participate for learning benefits Spaces where both teachers and students optimize the perceived and actual affordances of the space Spaces that promote authentic learning interactions Wednesday, 21 July 2010 5
  6. 6. Subject Interactions Information access (subject expectations) Interactive learning (learner-to-content interactions): Networked learning (learner-to-learner, learner- to-teacher interactions) User-generated content (learners-as-designers, assessment-as-learning) (Herrington & Oliver, 2001). Wednesday, 21 July 2010 6
  7. 7. Diversity of Learning Spaces Physical Blended Virtual Formal Informal Formal Informal Mobile Personal Professional Outdoor Practice Wednesday, 21 July 2010 7
  8. 8. Physical Learning Spaces Formal physical learning spaces Informal physical learning spaces Independent learning Peer learning Study-time and space Need to be adaptable and flexible for learning and teaching as opposed to being designed for one purpose Wednesday, 21 July 2010 8
  9. 9. Formal & Informal Spaces Wednesday, 21 July 2010 9
  10. 10. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 10
  11. 11. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 11
  12. 12. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 12
  13. 13. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 13
  14. 14. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 14
  15. 15. Virtual Learning Spaces Formal virtual learning spaces Informal virtual learning spaces Independent learning Peer learning Wednesday, 21 July 2010 15
  16. 16. Formal Virtual Informal Virtual Learning Spaces Learning Spaces Blackboard Facebook WebCT Flickr Moodle YouTube Twitter Sakai Formal Formal I Informal Informal Wednesday, 21 July 2010 16
  17. 17. Personal Learning Spaces Wednesday, 21 July 2010 17
  18. 18. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 18
  19. 19. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 19
  20. 20. Mobile Learning Spaces Is mobile learning just part of everyday learning? (ALT-J Vol 17, No.3) GPS, wi-fi, mp3 players “Learning when mobile means that context becomes all-important since even a simple change of location is an invitation to revisit learning” (p.159) Extending lecturers personal ‘presence’ Disruption of users’ presence using SMS (Corneulius & Marston, 2009). Wednesday, 21 July 2010 20
  21. 21. Outdoor Learning Spaces These pathways, thoroughfares and occasional rest areas are generally given a functional value in traffic management and are more often than not developed as an after thought in campus design. As such the thoroughfares and rest areas are under valued (or not recognized) as important spaces for teaching and learning (Rafferty, 2009). Wednesday, 21 July 2010 21
  22. 22. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 22
  23. 23. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 23
  24. 24. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 24
  25. 25. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 25
  26. 26. Blended Learning? “It is a design approach whereby both face-to-face and online learning are made better by the presence of each other” (Garrison & Vaughan, 2008, p.5). “It is a complete rethinking and redesign of the educational environment and learning experience” (p.x) Is blended learning the future of higher education? Wednesday, 21 July 2010 26
  27. 27. Activity-level Blending Student Resources Resources Instructor Role Assessment Role (Content) (Services) Allocate reading. Ask Some students to read Read discussion Off-line required reading respective Reading about topic in and post chapter face-to-face summary in class LMS Feedback from Post a one peers in online Student and paragraph discussion. instructor summary and Discussion Feedback from Online Facilitator posts in comment on forum instructor in discussion two other online forum posts discussion forum. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 27
  28. 28. Subject & Course Level Blending Subject-level blending: One of the most common forms. Distinct face-to-face and online components to support learning outcomes. Degree-level blending: Different learning experiences using physical and virtual spaces across the degree program. Use of e-portfolio in key subjects throughout degree. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 28
  29. 29. Paradigms of Blended Learning Enabling blends: These address access and equity issues. Provision of equivalent learning outcomes in physical, virtual and blended learning environments. Enhancing blends: Incremental changes to the pedagogy in face-to-face, virtual and blended learning environments. Transforming blends: Major redesign of pedagogy e.g. Blended problem-based learning (Graham, 2006). Wednesday, 21 July 2010 29
  30. 30. Flexibility of Learning Spaces Flexible learning and teaching spaces allow adaptability over time for different uses. Spaces need to be used for students who are both physically present and students who never visit the campus. In addition homes, cars, buses, hotels, cafes become mobile spaces where the student undertakes learning. Studying subject materials while travelling to work via train or bus may represent the learning space for some students Wednesday, 21 July 2010 30
  31. 31. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 31
  32. 32. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 32
  33. 33. Study, Time & Space In addition to the notion of physical/virtual and formal/informal, the concept of time also needs to be considered. Students’ use of space during a semester will be influenced by time of day, day of week and week of semester. Students may utilize space dependent on their other constraints of work and family and timing of classes and travel. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 33
  34. 34. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 34
  35. 35. Study, Time & Space Students may have only certain days to study. Early stages of a subject may encourage students to discuss content with other peers, while group assessment tasks will also require students to work in teams and use space for discussion and negotiation. When exams are nearing, students may revert to quiet individual spaces for self-study as opposed to peer learning. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 35
  36. 36. What are Affordances? When you first see something you have never seen before, how do you know what to do? “An affordance is the design aspect of an object which suggests how the object should be used” (Norman, 1988). Determined by context, culture, instinct, mental model e.g. hyperlinked text on website When designers make use of affordances the user knows what to do just by looking Wednesday, 21 July 2010 36
  37. 37. Learning Space Affordance Example Face-to-Face oral communication oral feedback to a Teaching & Learning question information access subject outline Learning interactive learning multimedia Management networked learning forum Systems materials development project discussion about Learning Commons informal learning lecture peer learning Wednesday, 21 July 2010 37
  38. 38. Learning Space Affordance Example discussion of in-depth group reading Tutorial discussion discussion of peer learning presentation practical work peer interaction practical work on Residential School sense of belonging to IT networks university authentic learning community of applied learning in Practice practice discipline mentor/mentee Wednesday, 21 July 2010 38
  39. 39. Putting it all together Wednesday, 21 July 2010 39
  40. 40. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 40
  41. 41. Wednesday, 21 July 2010 41
  42. 42. http://www.csu.edu.au/division/landt/flexible-learning/ http://www.skgproject.com Wednesday, 21 July 2010 42
  43. 43. 2010 Book Physical and Virtual Learning Spaces in Higher Education: Concepts for the Modern Learning Environment http://web.me.com/keppell/spaces/Welcome.html A book edited by Professor Mike Keppell Associate Professor Kay Souter & Matthew Riddle Charles Sturt University, Australia Latrobe University, Australia Wednesday, 21 July 2010 43
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×