Working out the meaning of phrases in context.<br />
What on earth does that mean?<br />When we read we often come across words and phrases that we don’t know or don’t underst...
How many words are there in the English language?<br />About 500. <br />Ooops!<br />I mean about 500 000!<br />That’s half...
So what can we do about it?<br />So what does a good reader do when they don’t understand a word or phrase?<br />What do y...
How can we work it out if we don’t know it?<br />We have to be like detectives and look for clues.<br />Clues can be in th...
For example...<br />What do these phrases mean?<br />...digestive proteins called enzymes. <br />...disgorges the enzyme m...
For example...<br />As busy as a bee.<br />When a bee laps nectar from a blossom, it stores it in its honey stomach where<...
Lighting  (English Mosaic p140)<br />Read the text about lighting.<br />There are some difficult words and phrases that yo...
Endangered Species (Humanities Alive p252)<br />Read the article about endangered species. <br />There are some difficult ...
Reading challenge<br />In your independent reading today, your task is to look for any words or phrases <br />that you don...
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Working out meaning of phrases from context

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Working out meaning of phrases from context

  1. 1. Working out the meaning of phrases in context.<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. What on earth does that mean?<br />When we read we often come across words and phrases that we don’t know or don’t understand.<br />This is normal. <br />It is also important because if we didn’t learn new words and phrases we <br />wouldn’t increase our vocabulary or learn new things.<br />
  4. 4. How many words are there in the English language?<br />About 500. <br />Ooops!<br />I mean about 500 000!<br />That’s half a million words! It’s impossible for everyone to know them all. <br />
  5. 5. So what can we do about it?<br />So what does a good reader do when they don’t understand a word or phrase?<br />What do you do?<br />Do you try to work it out?<br />
  6. 6. How can we work it out if we don’t know it?<br />We have to be like detectives and look for clues.<br />Clues can be in the same sentence as the word or phrase we don’t know. <br />Clues can be in the sentence before or the sentence after. <br />Clues can be somewhere else in the text. <br />
  7. 7. For example...<br />What do these phrases mean?<br />...digestive proteins called enzymes. <br />...disgorges the enzyme mixture.<br />They are hard to understand out of context.<br />
  8. 8. For example...<br />As busy as a bee.<br />When a bee laps nectar from a blossom, it stores it in its honey stomach where<br />it is mixed with digestive proteins called enzymes. Once full the bee returns to <br />the hive and disgorges the nectar-enzyme mixture for the other bees to <br />transfer to a honey cell. Inside the cell the enzymes slowly convert the nectar<br />to honey while other bees fan the cell with their wings to evaporate excess <br />water. Finally when the cell is full, the bees seal it in place until the honey is <br />needed as food for the hive.<br />The phrases underlined might be difficult to understand on their own.<br />However, if we read them in context, as part of the full paragraph, it makes <br />a lot more sense.<br />
  9. 9. Lighting (English Mosaic p140)<br />Read the text about lighting.<br />There are some difficult words and phrases that you may not know.<br />If there is anything you are not 100% sure about underline it.<br />Share with the class. <br />Can the rest of the text give us any clues as to what the words or phrases <br />mean?<br />
  10. 10. Endangered Species (Humanities Alive p252)<br />Read the article about endangered species. <br />There are some difficult words and phrases that you may not know.<br />If there is anything you are not 100% sure about underline it.<br />Share with the class. <br />Can the rest of the text give us any clues as to what the words or phrases <br />mean?<br />
  11. 11. Reading challenge<br />In your independent reading today, your task is to look for any words or phrases <br />that you don’t understand. <br />You need to try and work out what the word or phrase means from the other <br />words and sentences around it. This is what good readers do and this is what <br />you need to start doing if you don’t do it already.<br />If you can work out some words and phrases write them down in your reading<br />notebook and explain how you worked out what the words meant.<br />

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