Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Basic materials & structures
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Basic materials & structures

145
views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Business

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
145
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. 1
  • 2. 2
  • 3. WHAT IS MATERIAL?Material is key factor fM t i l i k f t of any product. d tBasically material can bB i ll t i l be d fi d as an definedingredients which are use to form a particularproduct.The material which are used in constructionwork are called construction materials orbuilding materials. e.g. Stone, Brick, Aggregate, Cement,Mortar, Concrete, Lime, Metal, Glass, Paint,Timber etc etc. 3
  • 4. ASPECT TO STUDY THE BUILDING MATERIALSProperties of material Physical Properties Mechanical Properties Chemical PropertiesTesting of materialsUse of materialSelection of material
  • 5. 5
  • 6. ON THE BASES OF TYPES OR WORK OF MATERIALBinding materials e.g.: Cement, Lime, Mortar etc.Protective materials e.g.: P i t V Paints, Varnishes, Pl t i etc. i h Plastering tSolidS lid materials t i l e.g.: Bricks, Timber, Aggregate etc.
  • 7. ON THE BASES OF AVAILIBILITY OF MATERIALNaturally available materials e.g.: Stone, Sand, Clay etc.Artificial or Industrial or Manmade materials e.g.: P i t C Paints, Cement, B i k Gl t Brick, Glass etc. t
  • 8. ON THE BASES OF TIME PASSESTraditional materials e.g.: Stone, Brick, Timber etc.Alternative materials e.g.: e g : Concrete block Glass Fiber etc block, Glass, etc.Composite materials e.g.: RCC, FRC etc.Smart materials e.g.: Dampers, Fuse, C.P.U. etc. e g : Dampers Fuse C P U etc
  • 9. 9
  • 10. Requirements of Building Materials Service Fabrication Economic EnvironmentalRequirements Requirements Requirements Requirements
  • 11. SERVICE REQUIREMNTSMaterial should satisfy its own properties like size size,shape, colour, strength, stiffness, durability,chemical composition, corrosion resistance etc.Material should easy to handle.Material should easily available in nearby area area.
  • 12. FABRICATION REQUIREMNTSFabrication process refer to how a material iscreated, processed and assemble.Material should easily fabricated as perrequirements. q e.g.: Metal should be easily casted, forged, machined, rolled and cut.
  • 13. ECONOMIC REQUIREMNTSMaterial should be of good qualityIts initial cost, transportation cost andmaintenance cost should be affordable.
  • 14. ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMNTSMaterial should create minimum pollution.It should not react with chemical or anysubstance presence in environment environment.It should b able t b h ld be bl to bear weathering affects. th i ff t
  • 15. 15
  • 16. Group PropertiesPhysical Shape, Size, Density, Specific Gravity etc., Strength, Elasticity, Plasticity, Hardness, Toughness,Mechanical Ductility, Brittleness, Creep, Stiffness, Fatigue, Impact Strength etc., St th t Thermal conductivity, Thermal resistivity, ThermalThermal capacity etc etc., Corrosion resistance, Chemical composition, Acidity,Chemical Alkalinity etc.,Optical Colour, Light reflection, Light transmission etc.,Acoustical Sound absorption, Transmission and Reflection. 16Physiochemical Hygroscopicity, Shrinkage and Swell due to moisture changes
  • 17. TYPE OF STRUCTURES Type of Structure Load Framed Combined Bearing B i Structure StructureStructure
  • 18. LOAD BEARING STRUCTUREFoundation is constructed beneath the walls walls.Load is transmit by load bearing wall to sub-soilthrough its foundation.There is no column is constructed.Wall thickness: 20,30, or 40 cm.Maximum 3 storey are permitted.M i t itt dIt is adopted where soil strata is hard at shallow depth.With the increases in no. of floors, wall thickness isdecreases.
  • 19. FRAME STRUCTUREMain structural members are Beams & Columns Columns.Beams support the wall & slab.Foundation is constructed beneath the columns onlynot beneath the walls.Its self weight is less in comparison to load bearingstructure.structureIt is easy to construct.
  • 20. COMPOSITE STRUCTUREColumns as well as load bearing masonry walls areprovided.Load is transmitted to sub-soil by both the members.It is proffered for construction of floors which has tocover large area by slabs like exhibition hall, godowns,public buildings etc etc.