Poster on Psychosocial risk factors and musculoskeletal symptoms among nurses
PSYCHOSOCIAL RISK FACTORS AND MUSCULOSKELETAL SYMPTOMS AMONG NURSES IN HOSPITAL SULTANAH BAHIYAH,KEDAH Siti M.B., Huda B.Z. Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences,Universiti Putra Malaysia INTRODUCTIONNursing is a high risk occupation for developing work- related musculoskeletal symptoms (Ando.S et al.,2000). Nurses are often required tolift heavy loads, work in awkward postures, and transfer patients (Brulin C et al., 1998). Thus, the profession is known to be a stressful andphysically difficult job, causing it to be a high-risk job for MSDs (Trinkoff et al., 2002). During the past years, the relationship betweenpsychosocial work environment and musculoskeletal disorders has come increasingly into focus. OBJECTIVES METHODOLOGY GENERAL OBJECTIVE To determine association between psychosocial risk factors and musculoskeletal symptoms among nurses in medical based wards and surgical based wards at Hospital Sultanah Bahiyah (HSB) SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES -To determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among nurses. -To determine the psychosocial risk factors among nurses -To determine association between psychosocial risk factors (decision latitude, psychological job demand, social support, job insecurity, job dissatisfaction) and musculoskeletal symptoms among nurses RESULT Figure 1: Prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among nurses Figure 2: Distribution of psychosocial risk factors among nurses Figure 3: Psychosocial risk factors and MSS among nurses DISCUSSION CONCLUSION - Prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among nurses was Prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among nurses was high highest in the upper back (70.6%), lower back (58%), and Psychosocial risk factors such as social support and job insecurity shoulder (55.9%). This result were similar to the study done by significantly affect musculoskeletal symptoms Daraisehet.al, ** (2003) who stated that the three highest Musculoskeletal symptoms were minimized by giving the training prevalence rates of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among and knowledge on this problems. Hospital administration may nurses were found in the neck, shoulders and back region. (fig.1) promote on good ergonomic practices - Most of the nurses had high decision latitude (63.6%), high job Support from colleagues and supervisor should be improved by demands(57.3%), very good social support (77.6%), high job peer group activities, and team building activities. insecurity (54.5%), and high job dissatisfaction (50.3%). (fig.2) - Social support was significantly associated with neck pain. Studies on working populations reported strong associations REFERENCES between poor social support and risk for neck and back pain •Ando, S., Ono, Y., Shimaoka, M., et al. (2000) Associations of self estimated workloads with musculoskeletal symptoms among hospital nurses. Occup Environ Med; 57:211–216 (Toomingas et.al,1997; Linton, 1990) Job insecurity was •Brulin, C., Gerdle, B., Granlund, B., Ho¨o¨ g, B., Knutson, A., & Sundelin, G. (1998). Physical and psychosocial workrelated risk factors associated with musculoskeletal symptoms among home care personnel. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 12, 104± 110. significantly associated with upper and lower back pain. This •Lipscomb, J.A., Trinkoff, A.M., Geiger-Brown, J., Brady, B. (2002). Work schedule characteristics and reported musculoskeletal disorders of registered nurses. Scand J Work Environ Health 28:394–401. •Smith, D. R., Wang, R. S,Wei, N., Zhao, L., &. (2004). Musculoskeletal complaints and psychosocial risk factors among Chinese hospital differ from the study done by Rahmat et al.,**2008 who state •nurses. Occupational Medicine, 54, 579– 582 •Daraiseh, N., Davis, L.S., Genaidy, A.M., Huston,R.L., Karwowski, W., Stambough, J., (2003) Musculoskeletal outcomes in multiple body regions and work effects that there was no association between any psychosocial risk among nurses: the effects of stressful and stimulating working conditions. Ergonomics 46 (12), 1178–1199. Halim, I., Jamsiah, M., Rahmah,M.A,Rozy, J.,Shamsul, A.S.(2008) Prevalence Of Back Pain Among Nurses Working In Government Health Clinics And Hospital In Port factors and low back pain.(fig.3) Dickson, Malaysia, Journal of Community Health: Volume 14 Number 2 Toomingas A., Theorell, T., Miche´lsen, H., Nordemar, R. (1997) Associations between self rated psychosocial work conditions and musculoskeletal symptoms and signs. Stockholm MUSIC I Study Group. Scand J Work Environ Health;23:130–139 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Thanks to my supervisor, Dr.Huda bt Zainuddin for her patience, knowledge and experiences that are precious and meaningful given to me in order to complete this research. A thousand of thanks to head nurses and all nurses staff in Hospital Sultanah Bahiyah for giving their cooperation during this research.