Most Frequently Cited Serious Violations Construction – FY 2006
Most Frequently Cited Serious Violations in Construction – FY 2006 Fall hazards training program Head protection Scaffolds - Platform construction Employee training programs Aerial lifts – Body belt & lanyard Scaffolds - Fall protection Fall protection - Unprotected sides & edges Fall protection – Residential construction 6’ or more Portable ladders 3 feet above landing surface Scaffolds - Access Standard & Subpart - 1926. - - There were also 362 Section 5(a)(1) violations cited in construction SIC codes (1500 – 1799) during this period.
Subpart C - General Safety & Health (1926.20 - 35) Employee training programs Inspections by competent person Initiate and maintain accident prevention programs Personal protective equipment – Employer responsibility Housekeeping
Subpart D - Occupational Health & Environmental Controls (1926.50 - 66) <ul><li>Lead – Representative personal sampling </li></ul>Lead - Exposure assessment First aid training Lead – Interim personal protective clothing & equipment Lead – Interim handwashing facilities
Subpart E - Personal Protective & Life Saving Equipment (1926.95 - 107) Head protection Required eye & face protection – ANSI requirements PPE - Provided, used & maintained Eye & face protection Life jackets/vests
Subpart F - Fire Protection & Prevention (1926.150 - 159) Extinguishers within 50 ft. of flammables/combustibles 2A fire extinguishers - Building area Extinguishers on each floor Extinguishers in each service/fueling area Flammable/combustible liquids dispensing units – Protection from damage
Subpart G - Signs, Signals & Barricades (1926.200 - 203) Traffic control signs/devices - Requirements Barricades - Requirements Flaggers – Proper signaling by & use of Traffic signs at points of hazard Visible signs & symbols
Subpart H - Materials Handling, Storage, Use & Disposal (1926.250 - 252) <ul><li>Rigging equipment inspection & removal from service </li></ul>Torn/cut synthetic web slings - Removal from service Alloy steel chain slings - Identification Exterior drop chutes Rigging equipment – Daily inspections
Subpart I - Tools: Hand & Power (1926.300 - 307) <ul><li>Woodworking tools - ANSI requirements </li></ul>Guarding of rotating/moving parts Tools designed for guards - Guards in place Guarding of ripsaws Guarding of circular crosscut table saws
Subpart J - Welding & Cutting (1926.350 -354) <ul><li>Cylinders secured upright </li></ul>Oxygen and fuel gas regulators/gauges in working order Oxygen cylinder storage Valve protection caps Use of device to keep cylinders steady while in use
Subpart L - Scaffolds (1926.450 - 454) <ul><li>Scaffolds above 10 ft. - Fall protection </li></ul>Scaffold access Scaffold platform construction Aerial lifts - Body belt & lanyard Training for employees using scaffolds
Subpart M - Fall Protection (1926.500 - 503) Fall protection - Residential construction 6’ or more Fall hazards training program Fall protection - Unprotected sides & edges Fall protection - Roofing work on low-slope roofs Fall protection – Steep roofs
Subpart N - Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Elevators & Conveyors (1926.550 - 556) Cranes and derricks – Manufacturers’ specifications Annual inspection of hoisting machinery Clearances between power lines & equipment Swing radius at rear of crane barricaded Employees kept clear of loads ANSI Requirements
Subpart O - Motor Vehicles, Mechanized Equipment, & Marine Operations (1926.600 - 606) <ul><li>Earthmoving/compacting equipment - Reverse signal alarm </li></ul>Bi-directional machines - Horn Manufacturers’ written approval for modifications Lifting/hauling equipment - Use of safety platform Industrial trucks - ANSI B56.1-1969
Subpart P - Excavations (1926.650 - 652) Employee protection in excavations - Protective system use Inspections by competent person Protection from falling/rolling materials/equipment Egress from trench excavations Competent person inspection - Employees removed from hazard
Subpart Q - Concrete & Masonry Construction (1926.700 - 706) <ul><li>Reinforcing steel - Guarding </li></ul>Masonry walls - Bracing Masonry walls – Limited access zone prior to start Formwork – Capable of supporting loads
Subpart R – Steel Erection (1926.750 - 761) <ul><li>Protection from fall hazards </li></ul>Perimeter safety cables Fall protection for connectors – 15’ to 30’ Fall hazard training Fall protection for connectors – More than 2 stories or 30’
Subpart T - Demolition (1926.850 - 860) <ul><li>Engineering survey - Prior to operations </li></ul>Chutes – No material dropped outside structure unless protected Floor openings – Curbs or stop-logs Stairs, passageways, ladders, etc. – Inspected and maintained Relocation/protection of utilities
Subpart X - Ladders (1926.1050 - 1060) <ul><li>Stairrails & handrails </li></ul>Portable ladders 3 feet above landing surface Stairway/ladder when 19” or more break in elevation Training program Appropriate use of ladders
Subpart Z - Toxic & Hazardous Substances (1926.1100 - 1152) <ul><li>Asbestos - Exposure assessment by competent person </li></ul>Asbestos - Class I, II, & III asbestos work in regulated areas Asbestos – Protective clothing Asbestos - Training program Asbestos - Monitoring
Respiratory Protection (1910.134) Cited in Construction SIC Codes <ul><li>Medical evaluation to determine employee’s ability to use respirator </li></ul>Employee demonstration of knowledge of respirator Evaluation of respiratory hazards Qualitative or quantitative fit testing Written respiratory protection program Standard: 1910.
Powered Industrial Truck Operator Training [1910.178(l)] Cited in Construction SIC Codes Training prior to truck operation Operator evaluation every 3 years Operator certification Standard: 1910. Operator competency
Hazard Communication (1910.1200) Cited in Construction SIC Codes <ul><li>Written program </li></ul>Information & training Material Safety Data Sheets readily accessible Training initially & for new hazards Material Safety Data Sheets Standard: 1910.