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How to Survive a Ramp Check: Aircraft Operator Maintenance Responsibilities

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How to Survive a Ramp Check: Aircraft Operator Maintenance Responsibilities

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How to Survive a Ramp Check: Aircraft Operator Maintenance Responsibilities

  1. 1. Presented to:By:Date:Federal AviationAdministrationHow to SurviveA Ramp CheckAircraft OperatorMaintenanceResponsibilities<Audience><Presenter’s Name, Title><Date>
  2. 2. 3 3Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Objectives• Learn what airworthiness means• Understand who is responsible for theairworthiness of the aircraft you fly.• Know to carry out that responsibility.
  3. 3. 4 4Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Referenceshttp://www.faa.gov/library/manuals/aviation/media/faa-h-8083-19A.pdfhttp://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/22051/
  4. 4. 5Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>What Ramp Check?• Has anyone had the experience?• Under what conditions do we checkaircraft?– Ramp Surveillance– Investigation• Accident• Incident• Complaint• Violation
  5. 5. 6Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Airworthiness FAR 91.7• No Person may operate acivil aircraft unless it is in anairworthy condition.• The PIC is responsible fordetermining whether theaircraft is in a safe conditionfor flight and shall discontinuethe flight when unairworthyconditions occur.
  6. 6. 7 7Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Operate FAR 1“Operate,” with respect to aircraft, meansuse, cause to use or authorize to useaircraft, for the purpose (except as providedin 91.13 of this chapter) of air navigationincluding the piloting of aircraft with orwithout the right of legal control (as owner,lessee, or otherwise)
  7. 7. 8 8Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Means:use Pilotcause to use FBO/Aircarrierauthorize to use FBOaircraft for the purpose of air navigation includingthe piloting of aircraft with or without the right oflegal control (as owner, lessee, or otherwise)Owner/FBO/Renter Pilot/Borrower/ThiefOperate FAR 1
  8. 8. 9 9Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Renter PilotsIs a renter pilot really responsible?TESTS– Known or Should Have Known– Reasonable and Prudent– Material, Relevant, Competentwww.ntsb.govLegal MattersOpinions & Orders
  9. 9. 10Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Background• 1903 Orville and Wilbur Wright’s first flight– Importance of design• 1926 Congress passes the Air Commerce Act– Establishes Aircraft Certification• 1958 Federal Aviation Act– Recodified to U.S. Code Title 49– Current Public Law for Aviation
  10. 10. 11Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Airworthiness Standards• A list of things that make an aircraft safe– Seat Belts– Circuit Protection– Master switch– Carburetor Heat– Lights– Placards– Factor of safetyA/WStandards
  11. 11. 12 12Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>StandardCondition forSafe OperationConformity toType DesignWear and TearProperlyAltered ConditionAirworthinessMaintenance andDocumentationFAR 21, 43,91ManufacturersType DesignAirworthiness StandardsFAR 23,25,27,33
  12. 12. 13Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Ramp• Missing Stuff• Added Stuff• Documentation• Condition– Wear and Tear• Records
  13. 13. 14Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Ramp• Missing Stuff– Fairings– Wheel pants– Wing tips– Spinners
  14. 14. 15Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Ramp• Missing Stuff– Static discharge wicks– Fuel cap chains– Fill port placards– Instruments
  15. 15. 16Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Ramp• Added Stuff– Cooling baffle seal– Fairings– STOL kits– Landing Lights– Antennas
  16. 16. 18Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Ramp• Added Stuff– Recent Paint Job– Avionics– Brackett air filters– Instruments– Unusual appliances– Proper Installation
  17. 17. 19Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Documentation• Maintenance record entry• FAA Form 337• Equipment List• Weight and Balance
  18. 18. 20Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Ramp• Condition/ Damage– Dents– Cracks– Working Rivets– Broken Antennas– Hangar rash– Funky Repairs
  19. 19. 21Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Ramp• Condition/ Wear– Bald tires– Strut inflation– Propeller condition
  20. 20. 22Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Ramp• Condition/ Wear– Deice boots / Hot Prop– Hose condition– Fluid leaks– Fuel smell
  21. 21. 23Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Ramp• Interior– Registration– Airworthiness Certificate– Approved Flight Manual– Weight and Balance– Equipment list
  22. 22. 24Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Ramp• Interior– Fire extinguisher– Seat Belt TSO– Compass correction card– Placards• missing• unusual
  23. 23. 25 25Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>
  24. 24. 26Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Ramp• Interior– Inoperative Equipment– FAR 91.213• Cannot be required equipment• Must be removed or disabled• Placard installed• Maintenance recorded
  25. 25. 27Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Ramp• Common Problems– Unapproved Parts– 100 Hour / Annual record entries– Missing Placards– Seat Belt TSO– Out of date or missing equipment lists
  26. 26. 28Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Ramp• Common Problems– Undocumented Avionics Installations• Intercoms– Undocumented modifications• Instrument panel• Interior
  27. 27. 29 29Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>FAR 91.403 (a)The owner or operator of anaircraft is primarilyresponsible for maintainingthat aircraft in an airworthycondition, including ADcompliance
  28. 28. 30Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>FAR 91.405 (b)• Each owner or operator of an aircraft shallensure that maintenance personnel makeappropriate entries in the aircraftmaintenance records indicating the aircrafthas been approved for return to service
  29. 29. 31Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>FAR 91.417• Records inspection– Maintenance records• Description of work performed• Date• Signature• Certificate number
  30. 30. 32Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>FAR 91.417• Records inspection– Total time– Status of life limited parts• Including time since overhaul– Annual / 100 Hour Inspection entry– Airworthiness Directive status
  31. 31. 33Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>FAR 91.417• Records inspection– 337– Static, Altimeter, Transpondercertification (SAT)– E.L.T. battery replacement due date– FAR 91.207 (d) Annual ELT operationalcheck
  32. 32. 34 34Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Summary• You should know what airworthiness means• Who is responsible for the airworthiness ofthe aircraft you fly.• How to carry out that responsibility.
  33. 33. 35Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Questions?
  34. 34. 36 36Federal AviationAdministration<Presentation Title – Change on Master Slide><Date of Presentation – Change on Master Slide>Referenceshttp://www.faa.gov/library/manuals/aviation/media/faa-h-8083-19A.pdfhttp://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/22051/

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