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WAYS TO IMPROVE OUR STATION-BASED ARFF TRAINING

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This presentation puts forward some ideas, which I hope, can improve the quality of station-based ARFF training.

WAYS TO IMPROVE OUR STATION-BASED ARFF TRAINING

  1. 1. WAYS TO IMPROVE OUR STATION-BASED ARFF TRAINING
  2. 2. OVERVIEW <ul><li>1. IMPORTANCE OF DESIGNATING AN OFFICER RESPONSIBLE FOR TRAINING </li></ul><ul><li>2. TRAINING OBJECTIVES </li></ul><ul><li>3. TRAINING CURRICULUM </li></ul><ul><li>4. KEEPING KNOWLEDGE UPTODATE </li></ul><ul><li>5. EVALUATION </li></ul><ul><li>6. DOCUMENTATION – KEEPING RECORDS OF TRAINING </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. TRAINING OFFICER <ul><li>Responsible for planning, development and supervision of training. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare a training programme. </li></ul><ul><li>Must maintain the interest and enthusiasm of the crew at all times. </li></ul><ul><li>Preferably he should not be doing shift duties. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 2. TRAINING OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Train all personnel on various procedures and practices. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep up the confidence and competence of all personnel. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop among all a sense of professionalism. </li></ul><ul><li>Disseminate latest information available regarding ARFF operations and also lessons learned from aircraft accidents/incidents. </li></ul><ul><li>Create an awareness among all about the hazards and dangers involved in ARFF operations. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 3. TRAINING CURRICULUM <ul><li>ICAO specifies that the training curriculum should include: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Initial training </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recurrent training </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. AREAS OF TRAINING TO BE INCLUDED <ul><li>Airport Familiarization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thorough knowledge of the airfield, particularly aircraft movement area, various markings, location of static water tanks etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternative routes to any part on the airfield. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of grid maps to locate places. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognizing landmarks to pinpoint a particular area. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location of emergency fuel shut-off, hydrants etc. on apron. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Airport building familiarization. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Aircraft Familiarization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Totally familiarize with all types of aircraft using the airport. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location of normal and emergency exits and their operation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locations of phone jacks on different types of aircraft. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability and operation of aircraft escape devices. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location and quantity of oxygen carried. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Aircraft Familiarization (contd..) <ul><ul><li>Access to aircraft other than the normal and emergency exits. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seating configuration. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of fuel used, location of fuel tanks and their capacities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location of batteries and means of disconnecting. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breaking in points. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>Location of combustible metals (titanium, magnesium), plastics (cabin liners, seating), combustible insulation (for electrical wiring and sound deadening), hydraulic fluid, lubricating oil, rubber and other combustible materials. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heights of doors and sills above ground level. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constructional features of aircraft using the airport. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuselage lengths and wing spans. </li></ul></ul>Aircraft Familiarization (contd..)
  10. 10. <ul><ul><li>Types of engines and fire access panels, if fitted. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to wheel wells, electrical and engine accessory compartments. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On board fire suppression systems, location of portable extinguishers. </li></ul></ul>Aircraft Familiarization (contd..)
  11. 11. <ul><li>Emergency Vehicle Operation. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Actual operation of all vehicle controls. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Driver training, off-road driving, negotiating obstacles etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge of the apparatus, its built-in equipment, including the pump and its performance capabilities, the agents carried and their delivery systems. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Use of Breathing Apparatus. </li></ul><ul><li>Safety of ARFF Personnel. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Communication Systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Incident Command System. </li></ul><ul><li>Proficiency in the use of fire hoses, turrets, nozzles, and other appliances . </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Rescue Tools and Safety Equipment. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete knowledge of each tool and equipment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location of each equipment and tool carried on the vehicle. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Method of using each equipment and tool with safety precautions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special handling precautions for the use of power tools. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Extinguishing Agents. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of extinguishing agents employed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitations of each agent. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper handling of equipment and correct application of the particular agent. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge about compatibility of agents. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Emergency Aircraft Evacuation. </li></ul><ul><li>Interior and Exterior Aircraft fire fighting. </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous Materials/Dangerous goods. </li></ul><ul><li>Airport Emergency Plan. </li></ul>
  16. 16. OPERATIONAL TACTICS TRAINING <ul><li>The Approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Judicious selection of fastest routes to the site of incident/accident. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Careful watch while approaching scene of the accident for passengers lying injured in the approaches or dashing away from the aircraft. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Positioning of Equipment. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Correct positioning of appliances to give an overall view of the accident area. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fixed patterns of positioning appliances and applying extinguishing agents. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. 4. KEEPING KNOWLEDGE UPTODATE <ul><li>Keep updated on the latest development/ technology in the ARFF field. </li></ul><ul><li>Current events. </li></ul><ul><li>Procure/produce DVDs/CBT (Computer Based Training) systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Produce/procure posters. </li></ul>
  19. 19. KEEPING KNOWLEDGE UPTODATE <ul><li>Internet Resources. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ARFF.INFO – www.arff.info </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting Working Group – www.arffwg.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aviation Fire Journal – www.aviationfirejournal.com </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Publications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aviation Fire Safety News (IAFSSG) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IFE (UK) Journal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IFE (India) Journal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aviation Fire Journal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ARFF News (Published by ARFF Working Group) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other publications on fire fighting and rescue. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Conferences/Seminars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National (e.g.. IAFSSG conference/seminar). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ARFFWG Annual Conferences. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Various other seminars of fire fighting etc. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. 5. EVALUATION <ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Questions at the time of training. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conducting Quizzes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final evaluation/Test. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation by giving tasks. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation of equipment/appliance usage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation during live fire training. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. 6. KEEPING RECORDS <ul><li>If records are not kept, understand that training did not take place. </li></ul><ul><li>Training records for each individual. </li></ul><ul><li>Need of documenting each training class. </li></ul><ul><li>Documenting the personnel who attended the training. </li></ul>
  24. 24. CONCLUSION <ul><li>A very high standard of achievement in training is essential. Anything less than full efficiency may be dangerous both to those in need of aid and also to those who are seeking to give such aid. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Thank you

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