R/3 FI Financial Accounting CO Controlling PS Project System WF Workflow IS Industry Solutions MM Materials Mgmt. HR Human Resources SD Sales & Distribution PP Production Planning QM Quality Management PM Plant Maintenance SM Service Manage- ment Integrated Solution Client / Server Open Systems EC Enterprise Controlling AM Fixed Assets Mgmt.
Specifically defines an individual rather than a position (sales rep.) in sales processing
Internal Sales Organization Domestic Sales Area Western Sales Office Eastern Sales Office Southwest Sales Group Northwest Sales Group Sales Person Sales Person Sales Person Southeast Sales Group Northeast Sales Group Sales Person Sales Person
SD Master Data - Core Elements Master Data Customer Material
Material Master — Sales: sales org. 1 - General Data Basic Unit of Measure Division Material Group Sales Unit Delivering Plant Cash discount - Tax data Country Tax category Tax classification - Quantity stipulations Min. order quantity Min. delivery quantity Delivery unit Basic Data 1 - 2 Classification Sales: sales org. 1 - 2 Sales: general/plant Purchasing Foreign Trade: Import Data Sales: text Purchase order: text MRP 1 - 4 Forecasting Storage 1 - 2 Warehouse Management 1 - 2 Quality Management Accounting 1 - 2 Costing 1 - 2
Material Master — General Data Base Unit of Measure The Base Unit of Measure is the unit of measure in which stocks are managed within your company. Division You may enter the Division which your product is in for sales (defaults if entered in the Basic data screen). Material Group A (freely definable) key that’s used to group several materials or services for analysis/reporting as well as search by match code. Sales Unit This is the unit of measure in which the material is sold, if different from the base unit of measure. Delivering Plant Plant, from which the material is available for sale. This is a default value only. Cash discount Indicator used for materials, which allow for a cash discount.
Material Master — Tax data & Quantity stipulations Tax data Country Country Tax category Taxes, applicable to this material (e.g. Federal, State taxes in US, VAT in GB) Tax classification taxable, exempt Quantity stipulations Min. order quantity Min. quantity a customer can order (in base unit of measure). Min. delivery quantity Min. delivery quantity to a customer. Delivery unit Only multiples of this number will be delivered to the customer.
Material Master — Sales: sales org. - Grouping terms Matl statistics group Material pricing grp Volume rebate group Acct assignment grp Commission group Item Category group Basic Data 1 - 2 Classification Sales: sales org. 1 - 2 Sales: general/plant Purchasing Foreign Trade: Import Data Sales: text Purchase order: text MRP 1 - 4 Forecasting Storage 1 - 2 Warehouse Management 1 - 2 Quality Management Accounting 1 - 2 Costing 1 - 2
Material Master — Grouping terms Matl statistics group Helps to determine which data the system updates in the Logistics Information System (LIS). Material pricing grp A way to group materials with similar pricing conditions. Volume rebate group A material can be assigned to a volume rebate group (e.g. Low Rebate, High Rebate) if the material qualifies for rebate. Acct assignment grp A grouping of materials with the same accounting requirements (used to determine revenue and sales deduction accounts) Commission group Several materials can be assigned to the same commission group, if the commission sharing between representatives is the same for these materials (e.g. Rep.A: 6%, Rep.B: 10%, Rep C: 12%). Item Category group A grouping of materials, that helps the system determine the Item Category. Item Category determines how a specific item is processed by system. E.g. a text item is not relevant for pricing.
Material Master — Sales: general/plant General data Base unit Gross weight Net weight Avail. Check Shipping data (times in days) Trans. Grp LoadingGrp Packaging material data Matl grp ship. matls General plant parameters Negative stock Basic Data 1 - 2 Classification Sales: sales org. 1 - 2 Sales: general/plant Purchasing Foreign Trade: Import Data Sales text Purchase order: text MRP 1 - 4 Forecasting Storage 1 - 2 Warehouse Management 1 - 2 Quality Management Accounting 1 - 2 Costing 1 - 2
Material Master — General data & Shipping data (times in days) General data Base unit The Base Unit of Measure is the unit of measure in which stocks are managed within your company. Gross weight In Base Units of Measure. Net weight In Base Units of Measure. Avail. Check Tells the system when to do an availability check, as well as which MRP elements (such as purchase orders, reservations) to include in the check. Shipping data (times in days) Trans. Grp Transportation groups are groups of materials that have the same transportation requirements. For example, all goods that need refrigeration. Loading Grp Loading groups define materials that have the same loading requirements, such as forklift truck, or crane.
Material Master — Packaging material data & General plant parameters Packaging material data Matl grp ship. matls, or Material group shipping materials Freely definable group name, which is used to indicate groups of materials with similar shipping materials, such as liquids or bulk, for example. General plant parameters Negative stock Check mark indicator, which specifies whether negative stock is allowed at that plant.
Material Master — Sales texts - Sales texts Text specific to the material and in an appropriate language. Basic Data 1 - 2 Classification Sales: sales org. 1 - 2 Sales: general/plant Purchasing Foreign Trade: Import Data Sales text Purchase order: text MRP 1 - 4 Forecasting Storage 1 - 2 Warehouse Management 1 - 2 Quality Management Accounting 1 - 2 Costing 1 - 2
Customer Master — Address & Communication General Data — Address Customer Name Search Term Street address, City, Postal code, Country Language General Data — Communication Telephone, Fax, Data numbers
Customer Master — Control Data General data — Control data Account control : Vendor, Authorization Trading partner, Group key Tax information : Tax codes, Fiscal address Country code, City code VAT N, Tax jurisdiction code Equalization tax, Sole proprietor Tax on sls/pur. Reference data / area : International Locator No. Industry: Transport Zone Express station Train station Location code
Customer Master — Marketing General Data — Marketing Classification : Nielsen ID Customer classification Industry Industry codes Operating figures : Annual sales Number of employees Fiscal year variant Sales prospecting : Legal status
Customer Master — Payment Transactions General Data — Payment Transactions Bank details Country Bank Key Account holder Bank Account Control Key Collection
Customer Master — Unloading Point General Data — Unloading points Unloading point Customer factory calendar Default Unloading Point Goods receiving hours
Customer Master — Foreign Trade General Data — Foreign trade Country key for export control of customer Table of Denial Orders list (TDO) Special Designated Nationals list (SDN) Diversion High Risk Profile list (DHRP) Usage and Classification
Customer Master — Contact Persons General Data — Contact persons Name Telephone number Department First name Form of address (e.g. Mr., Ms.) Function
Customer Master — Payment Transactions Company Code Data Payment Transactions Payment data: Payment terms Tolerance group Automatic Payment Transactions: Payment methods Alternative payer Lockbox
Customer Master — Correspondence Company Code Data Correspondence Dunning data : Dunning procedure Dunning recipient Correspondence : Account number at customer Customer user Payment notices to : Customer Sales Accounting Legal
Customer Master — Insurance Company Code Data Insurance Export credit insurance : Policy number Institution number Amount insured Valid until Lead months Deductible
Customer Master — Sales Sales Data — Sales area Sales order : Sales district Sales office Sales group Order probability Item proposal Account at customer Pricing / Statistics: Price group Customer pricing procedure Price list type Customer statistical group
Customer Master — Shipping S & D Data — Shipping Shipping : Delivery priority Shipping conditions Delivering plant Order combination Batch split allowed Partial Delivery: Complete delivery Partial delivery of item Maximum part deliveries
Customer Master — Billing S&D Data — Billing Billing section : Manual invoice maint. Rebate Pricing Billing schedule Invoice list schedule Delivery and payment terms : Incoterms Payment terms Accounting : Account assignment group Taxes: Tax requirements for the customer
The pricing procedure uses what SAP calls “the condition technique”.
The pricing condition technique starts with the:
Pricing Procedure which looks at
Conditions which use
Access Sequences which accesses
Condition tables which point to
A price, discount or other condition ($)
R/3 Pricing Process UNIFORM SALES DOC. ITEM DETERMINE PRICING PROCEDURE FOR ITEM PRICE THE ITEM DETERMINE ACCESS SEQUENCE FOR EVERY CONDITION TYPE IN PRICING PROCEDURE ACCESS THE CONDITION RECORDS AND DETERMINE PRICE SALES AREA & DOCUMENT TYPE & SOLD-TO CONDITION TYPE AND ACCESS SEQUENCE ARE LINKED IN TABLE PR00 KI00 TX00 FR00 CONDITION TYPE ACCESS SEQUENCE TX00 FR00 KI00 PR00 - - - $9.25 N/A STOPS LOOKING AFTER FINDING FIRST VALUE ETC . PRICE ELEMENT CONTROL PARAMETERS UPPER/LOWER LIMITS PRICING PROCEDURE USSTD PR00 TX00 KI00 FR00 USALT DISCOUNT CONDITION TYPE CONDITION PRICE FREIGHT TAXES DISCOUNT PRICE KI01 PR00 KEY CUSTOMER/MAT’L OR PRICE LIST/MAT’L OR MATERIAL LOOK FOR CONDITION RECORDS IN THIS ORDER OF CONDITION TABLES ACCESS SEQUENCE 01 02 03 PR00 CUSTOMER / MATERIAL PRICE LIST TYPE/MAT’L MATERIAL OR DER ETC . KI00 01 02 03 CUSTOMER / MATERIAL PRICE LIST TYPE/MAT’L MATERIAL SALES AREA DOC . TYPE SOLD TO PRICING PROCEDURE US01 US01 UK01 UK02 USSTD USALT UKSTD UKSTD A B 1 1 1 1 A A
Transportation lead time — time required to schedule transportation
Pick/Pack time — time required for picking and packing
Load time — time required to load
Transit time — time required to transport goods from shipping point to ship-to
Backward Scheduling Requested Delv. Date Goods Issue Loading Material Availability Order Date Transp. Sched. Transit Time (2 days) Loading Time (1 day) Pick & Pack Time (2 days) Transp. Sched. Time (1 day) 25 26th 27th 28th 29th 31st 25th
Forward Scheduling Order Date Transit Time (2 days) Loading Time (1 day) Transp. Sched. Time (1 day) New Delv. Date 27th 27th 28th 29th 31st 26th 27 1 Requested Delv. Date Goods Issue Loading Material Availability Transp. Sched. Pick & Pack Time (2 days)
Defines the G/L accounts that billing entries are posted to — revenue, deduction, freight charges
Cust Acct. Grp. 01 Application V Sales Org. SOxx KOFI Chart of Accounts CHRT From Table From Sales Doc. Account Key ERL From Pricing Proc Condition Type 610000 From Table G/L Account From Customer Master From Sales Doc. From Sales Doc.
Billing Methods Separate invoice per delivery Delivery Order Delivery Invoice Invoice Delivery Order Delivery Invoice Delivery Order Collective Invoice Order Delivery Invoice Invoice Invoice Split
Periodic — total amount for a planned billing period
Milestone — distributing the total amount over multiple billing dates - typically used with the project system (PS)
Installment — evenly proportioned amounts and defined payment dates
Resource related — consumed resources such as service or consulting
SD Milestone Billing Billing Description % Value Billing Milestone Billing date block status 11/20/96 Contract 10 30,000 - x x 01/20/97 Assembly 40 120,000 - x x 04/20/97 Operational 40 120,000 x x 05/20/97 Acceptance 10 30,000 x x 06/20/97 Final invoice -- - - x Sales Order Billing Plan Sold-to : QAZ Industries Delivery Date : 06/20/97 Material : 546-dk1 Generator Price : $300,000