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Learning theories feb2013

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  • 1. Learning Theories A brief overview 1
  • 2. Contents Beahaviours  What we observe Mental structures  What we infer Interactions  What we do Connections 2
  • 3. Behaviourism 3
  • 4. Classical ConditioningImage(s) provided courtesy of www.all- By Psychology Pictures, CC (BY, NC, ND),about-psychology.com/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/psychpics/4559862181/ 4
  • 5. Behaviourism B.F. Skinner  Stimulus-response  Operant conditioning  ReinforcementBy Laura B. DahlCC (BY, NC) http://www.flickr.com/photos/lauradahl/787704631/ 5
  • 6. Teaching Machine (CAI) 1975: And the Changes To Come By dbostrom CC (BY, NC, SA) http://www.flickr.com/photos/bostworld/2152048526/ 6
  • 7. Transmission Pedagogy Naturfagtime ved Kalvskindet skole / Science class at Kalvskindet school (ca. 1900) By Trondheim Byarkiv CC (BY) http://www.flickr.com/photos/trondheim_byarkiv/3412459402/ 7
  • 8. Cognitivism 8
  • 9. Information Processing O is for Occipital Love By illuminaut, CC (BY, NC, SA), http://www.flickr.com/photos/illuminaut/3723710203/ 9
  • 10. Jean Piaget ConstructivismJean Piaget By mirjoran, CC (BY), http://www.flickr.com/photos/mirjoran/455878802/ 10
  • 11. Little Reseacher Science Explorers October 2011, By ACPL, CC (BY, NC, ND), http://www.flickr.com/photos/acplinfo/6303581450/ 11
  • 12. Social constructivism 12
  • 13. Density Sink or float, By Louisville Images, CC (BY, NC, ND), http://www.flickr.com/photos/louisvillemetro/6389177255/ 13
  • 14. Lev Vygotsky Social constructivismLev Vygtosky By josemota, CC (BY, NC, SA)http://www.flickr.com/photos/josemota/3616863421/ 14
  • 15. A matter of focusall perspectives are still valid  Overt behaviour  Mental structures  Social activity In Focus By h.koppdelaney, CC (BY, ND), http://www.flickr.com/photos/h-k-d/3942293740/ 15
  • 16. Mediationbibliothèque françois mitterand IMG_3924, By u m a m i, CC (BY, NC),http://www.flickr.com/photos/umami88/1613878558/ 16
  • 17. Mediating artefact Chadwick -- Magic Brain Calculator By marsmet552 CC (BY, NC, SA) http://www.flickr.com/photos/70731452@N04/6399954743/ 17
  • 18. Artificial Memory System - Calendar Calendar, By hanaloftus, CC (BY, NC, ND), http://www.flickr.com/photos/hanaloftus/22037606/ 18
  • 19. ParticipationSituated learning 19
  • 20. Community of Practice July 4 - Etienne Wengers keynote, By catspyjamasnz, CC (BY, NC, ND) http://www.flickr.com/photos/catspyjamasnz/2638131702/ 20
  • 21. LPPlegitimate peripheral participation 21
  • 22. Connectivism 22
  • 23. Summary: behaviourism Connections (stimulus-response) Transmission pedagogy Structured (sequenced) resources Repetition (drill and practice) Feedback 23
  • 24. Summary: cognitivism Mental structures Construction (assim.- accomod.) Individuals constructing knowledge Active exploration (problem solving) 24
  • 25. Summary: social constructivism  Social interaction  Participating i social practices  Collaboration with peers  Creation of contexts for collaborations and use of tools 25
  • 26. Summary: connectivism Networking Connecting to needed resources Using, producing and sharing Personal interests, emergent content 26
  • 27. Thank you for listening! Lars-Erik Jonsson You will find a lot more about my production on the net here: http://netinhe.blogspot.com/ http://www.scoop.it/t/web-2-0-och-hogre-utbildning https://twitter.com/gulejon http://www.flickr.com/photos/lejon2008 http://netinhe.pbworks.com/ http://www.slideshare.net/lejon 27

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