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Community Outreach Strategy for Slum Improvement Project

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  • 1. Slum Upgrading Project Kibera, Kenya Community Outreach Strategy Josie Noah December 3, 2008
  • 2. Kibera & UN-HABITAT
    • Slum near Nairobi, Kenya
    • 630 acres
    • 1 million residents
    • UN-HABITAT headquartered in Nairobi
  • 3.
    • Political
      • 10 Official Villages
      • Language
      • Illegal settlement
    • Social
      • Infectious Disease
      • Crime
      • Literacy
    • Physical
      • Fragile Landscape
      • Roads
      • Foundations
  • 4. Goal of Project A Detailed Community Plan for Kibera that outlines the following:
  • 5. Methodology
    • SARAR
      • Self-esteem, associative strength, resourcefulness, action planning & responsibility for follow through
      • Active engagement of residents to understand the community’s resources
      • Targeting populations that have low literacy rates
      • Investigative (areas where little is known about the population)
  • 6. Community Outreach Strategy
  • 7. Phase 1: Understanding the Community
    • Time Frame: 1-1 ½ years
  • 8. Components
    • Three Pile Sorting
      • Determine priorities within the community
      • A set of pictures showing different projects
      • Sort by prioritization
    • Community Census
      • Each village, door to door
      • Gather information on housing, business, population, language, etc.
    • Participatory Mapping
      • Physical and socio-economic characteristics of the community
      • Obtain local community knowledge
      • Orthophoto/Sketching
  • 9. Pocket Charts
    • Determining use of water, location of trash dumping, schools, bathroom facilities, & markets
    • Vote by token
    • Example: Where do you get your water for drinking, bathing, washing? From the river? Water vendor? Water tank?
  • 10. Phase 2: Analysis & Plan Development
    • Time Frame: 6-9 months
  • 11. Components
    • Analysis of and Compilation of Data
      • Compile findings and share with community through visual techniques (maps, diagrams)
    • Implementation Charrette
      • Develop an implementable community plan
      • Kibera-wide to village-wide
  • 12. Charrette Schedule
    • 9:00 am – 2:00 pm
    • Wednesday—Tuesday (off Saturday and Sunday)
      • Weds-Thurs (Kibera)
      • Thurs-Tues (Village)
    • Designers remain after 2:00 pm during doodle & draw phases
  • 13. Kibera Slum Upgrading Plan
    • Kibera
    • Understand overall flow of community
    • Locate resources
    • Villages
    • Water, Sewer & Trash Infrastructure
    • Transportation Infrastructure
    • Creation of Affordable Housing
      • Relocation
      • Limit Expansion
    • Social Service Needs & Placement
  • 14. Key Stakeholders Stakeholder Level of Influence Level of Interest UN-HABITAT A A City of Nairobi A A Government of Kenya B+ B Nairobi City Planning & Architecture Dept. B B- Kibera Police C C Public Health Organizations B A Community Organizations B A Environmental Organizations B A Educational Institutions C A Villages of Kibera, Village Elders C A Residents of Kibera D A Waste Management Companies D C Water/Sewer Service Providers D C Local Housing Developers D C
  • 15. Phase 3: Preparation for Implementation
    • Time Frame: 3-6 months
  • 16. Components
    • Public Meetings/Open Houses
      • Held by Village
      • Stations/Experts by Topic
      • Visuals! Visuals! Visuals!
      • Opportunity for Feedback
    • Production of the Final Community Plan for Implementation
  • 17.