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Map Kibera University of Sussex, June 22, 2010 GroundTruth Initiative OpenStreetMap photo: http://gallery.me.com/dbullingt...
Map Kibera Model: expand the conversation! <ul><li>Training in  use of new technologies for development  </li></ul><ul><li...
Kibera  500,000 people(?), 2.5 km2   was a blank spot on the map
OpenStreetMap Global Collaborative Mapping “ kinda like Wikipedia for Maps”
Phase 1 October – December 2009
Existing Data satellite imagery
Partners and Allies NGOs/CBOs:  Social Development Network (Infonet), Carolina for Kibera, Kibera Community Development  A...
Cooperation with the  local administration
* Recruited Mappers Recruited Mappers
* The Mappers The Mappers
Tech Crew Local GIS experts
Film Crew Kibera WorldWide
* international support -- Harry, Mike, Lars International Support Harry Wood/HOT, Mike Migurski/Stamen, Lars Bromley/AAAS...
Mappers took to GPS Surveying naturally
<ul><li>What did they collect? </li></ul><ul><li>roads and paths and rail </li></ul><ul><li>water points </li></ul><ul><li...
 
 
 
The Lab Infonet offices, Lavington
The Map!
The Densest Map Ever?
<ul><li>Impacts for Mappers: </li></ul><ul><li>Computer/tech skills </li></ul><ul><li>Social skills and confidence </li></...
<ul><li>BUT </li></ul><ul><li>What's it good for in a place like Kibera? </li></ul><ul><li>The question we were constantly...
* open data ... all about potential Potential of Open Data Can be a little abstract in Kibera
GroundTruth Initiative … Our vision Create a corps of citizens in the developing world who are versed in a variety of new ...
Some basic GroundTruth principles: <ul><li>Communities hold latent information about themselves and are  </li></ul><ul><li...
 
Phase 2 February – August 2010
<ul><li>Develop Entities and Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Kibera Mappers </li></ul><ul><li>Kibera News Network (video journali...
Deeply Explore Themes: Health Education Water/Sanitation Safety with detailed mapping and reporting
<ul><li>Work with the Community </li></ul><ul><li>Community meetings around printed maps in issue areas </li></ul><ul><li>...
Voice of Kibera  www.voiceofkibera.org Shortcode: 3002, “Kibera”
<ul><li>Community website for sharing info relevant to Kibera residents  </li></ul><ul><li>News, videos, and SMS </li></ul...
Reports
Reports
Voice of Kibera program <ul><li>Editorial Board : 7 Kiberan volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>SMS reporters and approvers </li>...
 
Non-conflict Ushahidi and SMS reporting – why do people report? <ul><ul><li>Publicize their own organization’s activities ...
Issue Mapping and Community Meetings  <ul><li>Partnership with Unicef </li></ul><ul><li>Going in-depth on specific themes ...
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kibera News Network (KNN) www.youtube.com/KiberaNewsNetwork (in partnership with KCODA)
 
 
KNN <ul><li>20 young people in 5 news teams </li></ul><ul><li>Flip video cameras </li></ul><ul><li>Youtube – also Voice of...
Some completed KNN videos: <ul><li>Landslide in Kibera </li></ul><ul><li>Power disruptions </li></ul><ul><li>Protest over ...
<ul><li>A group of engaged  and skilled  citizens , mappers,  and journalists </li></ul><ul><li>Linkages between Nairobi t...
<ul><li>Register mapping group locally </li></ul><ul><li>Expand to  other communities in and around Kenya – including  the...
<ul><li>Map Kibera website, blog, and wiki explain in detail most of our development – we are not afraid to expose failure...
<ul><li>Organizations don’t usually collaborate or share information </li></ul><ul><li>Kibera is a distorted economy </li>...
Things we’ve learned the hard way: <ul><li>Best to target those with vested interest in specific issue areas rather than g...
Things we’ve learned the hard way: <ul><li>Best to target those with vested interest in specific issue areas rather than g...
Contact us! http://mapkibera.org/ [email_address]
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Map Kibera - University of Sussex IDS

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Presented by Erica Hagen at the Institute for Development Studies, University of Sussex, June 22, 2010.

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Map Kibera - University of Sussex IDS

  1. 1. Map Kibera University of Sussex, June 22, 2010 GroundTruth Initiative OpenStreetMap photo: http://gallery.me.com/dbullington#100816&view=null&bgcolor=black&sel=12
  2. 2. Map Kibera Model: expand the conversation! <ul><li>Training in use of new technologies for development </li></ul><ul><li>(mapping, interactive websites, video, mobile) </li></ul><ul><li>Engagement with specific geographic communities in-depth </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility in application based on tools needed </li></ul><ul><li>Support open, accessible information, storytelling, ability to </li></ul><ul><li>collect and represent information for advocacy, planning </li></ul><ul><li>Make connections between community-owned and shared </li></ul><ul><li>info and larger institutions as well as global tech communities </li></ul><ul><li>… but this model is not fixed! It all started with a map… </li></ul>
  3. 3. Kibera 500,000 people(?), 2.5 km2 was a blank spot on the map
  4. 4. OpenStreetMap Global Collaborative Mapping “ kinda like Wikipedia for Maps”
  5. 5. Phase 1 October – December 2009
  6. 6. Existing Data satellite imagery
  7. 7. Partners and Allies NGOs/CBOs: Social Development Network (Infonet), Carolina for Kibera, Kibera Community Development Agenda (KCODA) Broadcast and Community Media : Pamoja FM, Kibera Journal, Kibera WorldWide Tech Community: Ushahidi, OpenStreetMap Funding partner: Jumpstart, International – American NGO
  8. 8. Cooperation with the local administration
  9. 9. * Recruited Mappers Recruited Mappers
  10. 10. * The Mappers The Mappers
  11. 11. Tech Crew Local GIS experts
  12. 12. Film Crew Kibera WorldWide
  13. 13. * international support -- Harry, Mike, Lars International Support Harry Wood/HOT, Mike Migurski/Stamen, Lars Bromley/AAAS, Geofabrik, & many more
  14. 14. Mappers took to GPS Surveying naturally
  15. 15. <ul><li>What did they collect? </li></ul><ul><li>roads and paths and rail </li></ul><ul><li>water points </li></ul><ul><li>pit latrines / sewer </li></ul><ul><li>medical facilities </li></ul><ul><li>schools </li></ul><ul><li>churches/mosques </li></ul><ul><li>businesses </li></ul><ul><li>community organizations </li></ul><ul><li>administrative units </li></ul><ul><li>and much more! </li></ul>
  16. 19. The Lab Infonet offices, Lavington
  17. 20. The Map!
  18. 21. The Densest Map Ever?
  19. 22. <ul><li>Impacts for Mappers: </li></ul><ul><li>Computer/tech skills </li></ul><ul><li>Social skills and confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Group cohesion and identity </li></ul><ul><li>Better knowledge of Kibera </li></ul>
  20. 23. <ul><li>BUT </li></ul><ul><li>What's it good for in a place like Kibera? </li></ul><ul><li>The question we were constantly asked </li></ul><ul><li>and asking ourselves </li></ul><ul><li>Very few with internet access </li></ul><ul><li>Most mobiles also basic </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone already knows how to get around </li></ul>
  21. 24. * open data ... all about potential Potential of Open Data Can be a little abstract in Kibera
  22. 25. GroundTruth Initiative … Our vision Create a corps of citizens in the developing world who are versed in a variety of new technologies and empowered to report on, tell stories about, and generate data, news reports, and map information about themselves and their community, and to use that information for action.
  23. 26. Some basic GroundTruth principles: <ul><li>Communities hold latent information about themselves and are </li></ul><ul><li>the most reliable, important knowledge-holders for development. </li></ul><ul><li>Technology provides a means for communities to share, debate, </li></ul><ul><li>and impact dialogue around development, even creating </li></ul><ul><li>information resources that bypass traditional means of data collection. </li></ul><ul><li>Crowd-sourced information and citizen media are critical </li></ul><ul><li>means for these communities to have greater influence over </li></ul><ul><li>policies and perceptions that affect them. </li></ul>
  24. 28. Phase 2 February – August 2010
  25. 29. <ul><li>Develop Entities and Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Kibera Mappers </li></ul><ul><li>Kibera News Network (video journalism) </li></ul><ul><li>Voice of Kibera (Ushahidi) </li></ul><ul><li>SMS Reporting </li></ul>
  26. 30. Deeply Explore Themes: Health Education Water/Sanitation Safety with detailed mapping and reporting
  27. 31. <ul><li>Work with the Community </li></ul><ul><li>Community meetings around printed maps in issue areas </li></ul><ul><li>Help them use this information for action </li></ul>
  28. 32. Voice of Kibera www.voiceofkibera.org Shortcode: 3002, “Kibera”
  29. 33. <ul><li>Community website for sharing info relevant to Kibera residents </li></ul><ul><li>News, videos, and SMS </li></ul><ul><li>Reports are mapped on the Map Kibera map </li></ul>Community Sharing Site
  30. 34. Reports
  31. 35. Reports
  32. 36. Voice of Kibera program <ul><li>Editorial Board : 7 Kiberan volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>SMS reporters and approvers </li></ul><ul><li>Media campaign for getting the word out </li></ul><ul><li>Possibility of submitting in specific issue areas such as budget tracking, health outbreaks, gender-based violence </li></ul><ul><li>NGO directory, Business directory, job board. “Yelp” for NGOs? </li></ul>
  33. 38. Non-conflict Ushahidi and SMS reporting – why do people report? <ul><ul><li>Publicize their own organization’s activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interest in technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civic engagement and volunteerism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community news interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other reasons? </li></ul></ul>
  34. 39. Issue Mapping and Community Meetings <ul><li>Partnership with Unicef </li></ul><ul><li>Going in-depth on specific themes </li></ul><ul><li>Engage with networks on thematic issues for map drawing </li></ul><ul><li>Support use of completed map to advocate on specific needs </li></ul><ul><li>SMS and Voice of Kibera </li></ul>
  35. 46. Kibera News Network (KNN) www.youtube.com/KiberaNewsNetwork (in partnership with KCODA)
  36. 49. KNN <ul><li>20 young people in 5 news teams </li></ul><ul><li>Flip video cameras </li></ul><ul><li>Youtube – also Voice of Kibera </li></ul><ul><li>Planning community showings </li></ul><ul><li>Training on video editing and camera </li></ul><ul><li>All-volunteer including two lead trainers, who are from Kibera </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipating digital village at KCODA </li></ul><ul><li>Beginnings of youth media center </li></ul>
  37. 50. Some completed KNN videos: <ul><li>Landslide in Kibera </li></ul><ul><li>Power disruptions </li></ul><ul><li>Protest over anti-Muslim schoolteacher </li></ul><ul><li>Stray monkey entertains Kiberans </li></ul><ul><li>HIV positive woman’s story </li></ul><ul><li>Draft constitution campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Railway line evictions </li></ul>
  38. 51. <ul><li>A group of engaged and skilled citizens , mappers, and journalists </li></ul><ul><li>Linkages between Nairobi tech scene and slumdwellers </li></ul><ul><li>Platforms and mediums to share the information locally and globally (printed maps, SMS reporting, USHAHIDI and new media creation). </li></ul><ul><li>Slowly building movement for shared and open information among NGOs and CBOs </li></ul>Map Kibera Results:
  39. 52. <ul><li>Register mapping group locally </li></ul><ul><li>Expand to other communities in and around Kenya – including the other slums in Nairobi </li></ul><ul><li>Taking the model to Haiti and elsewhere via GroundTruth </li></ul><ul><li>Materials and curriculum, thorough documentation and training others </li></ul><ul><li>Maps for Data: your surveys for our printout </li></ul>Plans:
  40. 53. <ul><li>Map Kibera website, blog, and wiki explain in detail most of our development – we are not afraid to expose failures or thinking process! </li></ul><ul><li>All our outputs are re-usable, open and free </li></ul><ul><li>We’re actively trying to reduce the number of data-collection exercises (baselines, household surveys, evaluations) </li></ul><ul><li>We don’t think bigger is always better when it comes to development </li></ul>What is different about us?
  41. 54. <ul><li>Organizations don’t usually collaborate or share information </li></ul><ul><li>Kibera is a distorted economy </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteerism is not easy in a poor community </li></ul><ul><li>Skepticism and cynicism in Kibera </li></ul><ul><li>Technology challenges – electricity, familiarity </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability financially and technically </li></ul><ul><li>Donor structures favor silos and wheel re-invention </li></ul>Issues and Challenges:
  42. 55. Things we’ve learned the hard way: <ul><li>Best to target those with vested interest in specific issue areas rather than general </li></ul><ul><li>When it’s better not to pay </li></ul><ul><li>You have to demonstrate and get hands-on </li></ul><ul><li>There are always early-adopters and those who “get it” – they are your best friends </li></ul><ul><li>Not everyone needs a map </li></ul><ul><li>Journalism can be physically dangerous </li></ul><ul><li>Information is sometimes hidden for a reason – but usually for no reason </li></ul>
  43. 56. Things we’ve learned the hard way: <ul><li>Best to target those with vested interest in specific issue areas rather than general </li></ul><ul><li>When it’s better not to pay </li></ul><ul><li>You have to demonstrate and get hands-on </li></ul><ul><li>There are always early-adopters and those who “get it” – they are your best friends </li></ul><ul><li>Not everyone needs a map </li></ul><ul><li>Journalism can be physically dangerous </li></ul><ul><li>Information is sometimes hidden for a reason – but usually for no reason </li></ul>
  44. 57. Contact us! http://mapkibera.org/ [email_address]

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